Music History Exam No. 3

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  1. Innovations in Recorded Sound
  2. Impressionism
    a style of composition (associated especially with Debussy) in which clarity of structure and theme is subordinate to harmonic effects, characteristically using the whole-tone scale.
  3. Vernacular Music
    Popular music for the time
  4. Ragtime
    The precursor to jazz, syncopated rhythms in the right and march like in the left
  5. Jazz
    Based off of ragtime, based off of African drumming which sets apart the style. Go to New Orleans
  6. Symbolism
  7. Nationalsim
    Collection and notation of folk songs, and the beginning of ethno musicology
  8. French Avant Garde
    Impressionistic music, irregular phrases, blurry, stream of parallel chords, modal phrases, pentatonic
  9. Atonality
    When there is no tonal center and does not serve as a function
  10. Serialism/12 tone method
    developed by Arnold Schoenberg, method of organization for linear counterpoint. An entire piece is based off of tone row. Can't be tonal and notes don't normally repeat.
  11. Pitch-class set
    a set of pitches that are in one group/set.
  12. Expressionism
    came out of psychoanalysis, psycological abonormalities, about the inner ugly self
  13. Sprechstimme
    Speak sing
  14. tone row: prime, inversion, retrograde, retrograde prime
    • row of twelve different pitches, different ways of writing them out:
    • P - original order
    • I - original that is inverted
    • R - retrograde 
    • R prime - retrograde + inverted
  15. Developing Variation
    Variations that evolve throughout the piece
  16. Second Viennese School
    Three new composers of thought and music, Schoenberg, Berg, and Webern
  17. Klangfarbenmelodie
    splitting a musical line or melody between different instruments
  18. Privitism
    a form or Russian nationalism that is based off of Russian folk songs
  19. Neoclassicism
    The procedures, the forms, the sounds, and the harmonies of the 18th century are looked through 20th century eyes,
  20. Polytonality
    using more than one key simultaneously at once
  21. Cumulative Form
  22. Collage
    an assemblage of different forms of music
  23. Les Six
    • Disciples of Cocateau and Satie 
    • Francis Poulence
    • Darius Milhaud
    • Arthur Honnegar
    • George Auric
    • Germaine Tailleferre 
    • Louis Dourey
  24. New Objectivity
    the uprising of the poor against the rich
  25. Gerhbrauchsmusik
    Music that was made for educational purposes
  26. Social Realism
    Glorification of the common man in art
  27. Americanist versus ultramodernist
  28. Sound Masses
  29. Tone Clusters
Card Set
Music History Exam No. 3
Debussy through Cowell
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