SOC101 Ch 7

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Author:
JustDoughnut
ID:
288888
Filename:
SOC101 Ch 7
Updated:
2014-11-11 16:03:07
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sociology seven vocabulary
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Vocabulary terms from sociology textbook chapter 7
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  1. Absolute Poverty
    a level of economic deprivation that exists when people do not have the means to secure the most basic necessities of life.
  2. Alienation
    a feeling of powerlessness and estrangement from other people and from oneself.
  3. Capitalist Class
    Karl Marx’s term for the class that consists of those who own and control the means of production.
  4. Class Conflict
    Karl Marx’s term for the struggle between the capitalist class and the working class.
  5. Feminization of Poverty
    the trend in which women are disproportionately represented among individuals living in poverty.
  6. Income
    the economic gain derived from wages, salaries, income transfers (governmental aid), and ownership of property.
  7. Job Deskilling
    a reduction in the proficiency needed to perform a specific job that leads to a corresponding reduction in the wages for that job.
  8. Meritocracy
    a hierarchy in which all positions are rewarded based on people’s ability and credentials.
  9. Pink-Collar Occupations
    relatively low-paying, nonmanual, semiskilled positions primarily held by women, such as day-care workers, checkout clerks, cashiers, and waitpersons.
  10. Power
    according to Max Weber, the ability of people or groups to achieve their goals despite opposition from others.
  11. Prestige
    the respect or regard with which a person or status position is regarded by others.
  12. Relative Poverty
    a condition that exists when people may be able to afford basic necessities but are still unable to maintain an average standard of living.
  13. Socioeconomic Status
    a combined measure that, in order to determine class location, attempts to classify individuals, families, or households in terms of factors such as income, occupation, and education.
  14. Wealth
    the value of all of a person’s or family’s economic assets, including income, personal property, and income-producing property.
  15. Working Class
    those who must sell their labor to the owners in order to earn enough money to survive.

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