Anatomy- Teeth.txt

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Mawad
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288891
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Anatomy- Teeth.txt
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2014-11-11 16:04:17
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teeth
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  1. Cells that line the pulp cavity and release dentin.
    Odontoblasts
  2. Part of the tooth above the gum.
    crown
  3. Part of tooth below the gum.
    Root
  4. Part of tooth at the gum line.
    neck
  5. Tissue that covers the crown of the tooth.
    enamel
  6. Dental hard tissue produces by odontoblasts and makes up the bulk of the tooth.
    dentin
  7. Central space containing nerves, vessels, and odontoblasts.
    pulp cavity
  8. think bone-like covering of the root of the tooth.
    cementum
  9. fibrous connective tissue connecting wall of the alveolus with cementum.
    periodontal membrane
  10. Low-crowned teeth, consisting of a crown, neck, and root.
    brachydont
  11. High-crowned teeth having no distinct neck.
    Hypsodont
  12. Upper jaw is wider than the lower jaw.
    anisognathic
  13. Having different types of teeth in terms of shape and size to accommodate different functions.
    heterodonty
  14. Having two sets of teeth, deciduous and permanent to accommodate growth during maturation to adulthood.
    diphydonts
  15. Large, shearing teeth of both dog and cat.
    carnassial teeth
  16. Which teeth are the carnassial teeth in dogs and cats?
    upper fourth premolar and lower first molar
  17. What is the dental formula for dogs?
    3 upper and lower incisors, 1 upper and 1 lower canine, 4 upper and lower premolars, 2 upper and 3 lower molars x2 (each half of the mouth)= 42 teeth total as adults
  18. What is the dental formula for cats?
    3 upper and lower incisors, 1 upper and 1 lower canine, 3 upper and 2 lower premolars, 1 upper and lower molar x2 (each half of the mouth)= 30 teeth total as adults
  19. What is the porcine dental formula?
    3 upper and lower incisors, 1 upper and 1 lower canine, 4 upper and lower premolars, 3 upper and 3 lower molars x2 (each half of the mouth)= 44 teeth total as adults
  20. Surface facing outward toward vestibule (cheek) or lips; to more precise words....
    vestibular; labial- associated with lips; buccal- associated with cheek
  21. Surface facing inward toward tongue on top or bottom.
    Word that can only be applied to inner surface of upper teeth, facing palate.
    lingual; palatal
  22. surface adjacent to neighboring tooth in the same arch; two more precise words....
    proximal; Mesial Proximal surface- closer to midline/ front part of tooth where it touches another tooth; Distal Proximal surface- back part of tooth where it touches another tooth
  23. Surface toward the crown or the surface facing teeth of opposite arch.
    coronal or occlusal
  24. Surface toward the apex of the tooth.
    apical
  25. What muscles function to close the jaw?
    Temporalis, masseter, pterygoid mm.
  26. Which muscle functions to open the jaw?
    digastricus m.
  27. All of the muscles of mastication (temporalis, masseter, pterygoid, and cranial part of digastricus) are innervated by what nerve? The caudal part of digastricus is innervated by...
    trigeminal n. (CN V); CN VII
  28. The branch of the trigeminal nerve that innervates the skin of the forehead and lateral to the eye, nasal cavity, cornea.
    ophthalmic nerve
  29. The maxillary branch of the trigeminal nerve branches further to.....
    infraorbital n. (skin of nose, face, and oral cavity), superior alveolar n. (upper teeth)
  30. The sensory branch of mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve that innervates the skin of the ear.
    auriculotemporal n.
  31. The sensory branch of the mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve that innervates the lower cheek and jaw.
    buccal n.
  32. The sensory branch of the mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve that innervates the tongue.
    lingual n.
  33. The sensory branch of the mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve that innervates the lower teeth.
    inferior alveolar n.
  34. The sensory branch of the mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve that innervates the mylohyoid muscle.
    mylohyoid n.
  35. The sensory branch of the mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve that innervates the skin of the chin.
    mental n.
  36. Which branches of the trigeminal nerve are used for local anesthesia when performing painful dental procedures?
    inferior and superior alveolar nn.
  37. The salivary glands that secrete products into the oral cavity to moisten food and aid in digestion are innervated by...
    the autonomic nervous system
  38. The encapsulated salivary gland located caudal to the angel of the jaw.
    Mandibular salivary gland
  39. The mandibular salivary gland duct open at...
    the sublingual caruncle
  40. Encapsulated salivary gland located rostral to the mandibular salivary gland.
    monostomatic sublingual salivary gland
  41. The monostomatic sublingual salivary gland duct opens at...
    the sublingual caruncle
  42. Diffuse clusters of glandular tissue on either side of the tongue; duct opens into oral cavity.
    polystomatic sublingual salivary gland
  43. Uncapsulated, lobular salivary gland located below the auricular cartilage.
    parotid salivary gland
  44. The parotid salivary gland duct opens at...
    the 4th upper premolar
  45. The salivary gland located medially to the zygomatic arch.
    zygomatic salivary gland
  46. The zygomatic salivary gland duct opens at...
    the 2nd upper molar
  47. The mandibular lymph nodes are located ________ to salivary glands and drain....
    rostroventrally; ventral surface of head
  48. Clinical correlate: salivary mucocele is the rupture of which salivary ducts, producing a saliva-filled cavity below the jaw.
    mandibular or sublingual duct
  49. The parotid lymph node is a small ln located on the _________________; drains...
    rostral edge of the parotid salivary gland; orbit and dorsal structures of the head
  50. Why is the parotid salivary duct clinically significant?
    you can surgically translocate it to the lateral canthus of the eye to treat "dry eye" in dogs.

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