Card Set Information
Cells that line the pulp cavity and release dentin.
Part of the tooth above the gum.
Part of tooth below the gum.
Part of tooth at the gum line.
Tissue that covers the crown of the tooth.
Dental hard tissue produces by odontoblasts and makes up the bulk of the tooth.
Central space containing nerves, vessels, and odontoblasts.
think bone-like covering of the root of the tooth.
fibrous connective tissue connecting wall of the alveolus with cementum.
Low-crowned teeth, consisting of a crown, neck, and root.
High-crowned teeth having no distinct neck.
Upper jaw is wider than the lower jaw.
Having different types of teeth in terms of shape and size to accommodate different functions.
Having two sets of teeth, deciduous and permanent to accommodate growth during maturation to adulthood.
Large, shearing teeth of both dog and cat.
Which teeth are the carnassial teeth in dogs and cats?
upper fourth premolar and lower first molar
What is the dental formula for dogs?
3 upper and lower incisors, 1 upper and 1 lower canine, 4 upper and lower premolars, 2 upper and 3 lower molars x2 (each half of the mouth)= 42 teeth total as adults
What is the dental formula for cats?
3 upper and lower incisors, 1 upper and 1 lower canine, 3 upper and 2 lower premolars, 1 upper and lower molar x2 (each half of the mouth)= 30 teeth total as adults
What is the porcine dental formula?
3 upper and lower incisors, 1 upper and 1 lower canine, 4 upper and lower premolars, 3 upper and 3 lower molars x2 (each half of the mouth)= 44 teeth total as adults
Surface facing outward toward vestibule (cheek) or lips; to more precise words....
vestibular; labial- associated with lips; buccal- associated with cheek
Surface facing inward toward tongue on top or bottom.
Word that can only be applied to inner surface of upper teeth, facing palate.
surface adjacent to neighboring tooth in the same arch; two more precise words....
proximal; Mesial Proximal surface- closer to midline/ front part of tooth where it touches another tooth; Distal Proximal surface- back part of tooth where it touches another tooth
Surface toward the crown or the surface facing teeth of opposite arch.
coronal or occlusal
Surface toward the apex of the tooth.
What muscles function to close the jaw?
Temporalis, masseter, pterygoid mm.
Which muscle functions to open the jaw?
All of the muscles of mastication (temporalis, masseter, pterygoid, and cranial part of digastricus) are innervated by what nerve? The caudal part of digastricus is innervated by...
trigeminal n. (CN V); CN VII
The branch of the trigeminal nerve that innervates the skin of the forehead and lateral to the eye, nasal cavity, cornea.
The maxillary branch of the trigeminal nerve branches further to.....
infraorbital n. (skin of nose, face, and oral cavity), superior alveolar n. (upper teeth)
The sensory branch of mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve that innervates the skin of the ear.
The sensory branch of the mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve that innervates the lower cheek and jaw.
The sensory branch of the mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve that innervates the tongue.
The sensory branch of the mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve that innervates the lower teeth.
inferior alveolar n.
The sensory branch of the mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve that innervates the mylohyoid muscle.
The sensory branch of the mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve that innervates the skin of the chin.
Which branches of the trigeminal nerve are used for local anesthesia when performing painful dental procedures?
inferior and superior alveolar nn.
The salivary glands that secrete products into the oral cavity to moisten food and aid in digestion are innervated by...
the autonomic nervous system
The encapsulated salivary gland located caudal to the angel of the jaw.
Mandibular salivary gland
The mandibular salivary gland duct open at...
the sublingual caruncle
Encapsulated salivary gland located rostral to the mandibular salivary gland.
monostomatic sublingual salivary gland
The monostomatic sublingual salivary gland duct opens at...
the sublingual caruncle
Diffuse clusters of glandular tissue on either side of the tongue; duct opens into oral cavity.
polystomatic sublingual salivary gland
Uncapsulated, lobular salivary gland located below the auricular cartilage.
parotid salivary gland
The parotid salivary gland duct opens at...
the 4th upper premolar
The salivary gland located medially to the zygomatic arch.
zygomatic salivary gland
The zygomatic salivary gland duct opens at...
the 2nd upper molar
The mandibular lymph nodes are located ________ to salivary glands and drain....
rostroventrally; ventral surface of head
Clinical correlate: salivary mucocele is the rupture of which salivary ducts, producing a saliva-filled cavity below the jaw.
mandibular or sublingual duct
The parotid lymph node is a small ln located on the _________________; drains...
rostral edge of the parotid salivary gland; orbit and dorsal structures of the head
Why is the parotid salivary duct clinically significant?
you can surgically translocate it to the lateral canthus of the eye to treat "dry eye" in dogs.