Anatomy- Abdominal Vasculature and Nerves.txt

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Mawad
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288900
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Anatomy- Abdominal Vasculature and Nerves.txt
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2014-11-11 16:10:08
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abdomen vessels nerves
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  1. The splanchnic nerves are __________ neurons that run b/w the ___________ and __________.
    sympathetic; sympathetic trunk; autonomic ganglion
  2. The major splanchnic nerve extends from the __________ to the _____________.
    sympathetic trunk; adrenal and celiacomesenteric ganglia and plexus.
  3. The minor splanchnic nerves go from the ___________ to the __________ AFTER the ____________.
    sympathetic trunk; adrenal and celiacomesenteric ganglia and plexus; major splanchnic n.
  4. The lumbar splanchnic nerves go to... (3)
    aorticorenal, cranial mesenteric, and caudal mesenteric ganglia
  5. The ganglion that supplies nerves that innervate the foregut and midgut.
    celiac (part of the celiacomesenteric) ganglia
  6. The ganglion that supplies nerves that innervate the midgut.
    cranial mesenteric ganglion (part of celiacomesenteric ganglia)
  7. The ______________ ganglion supplies nerves that innervate the hindgut; the ___________ branch from it to innervate the pelvic organs.
    caudal mesenteric ganglion; hypogastric nn.
  8. The dorsal vagal trunk is from the _______________ and runs through the ___________ on the __________ surface of the __________.
    right and left dorsal vagal branches; esophageal hiatus; dorsal; esophagus
  9. The dorsal vagal trunk supplies the...
    visceral surface of the stomach
  10. The ventral vagal trunk is from the ______________ and passes through the __________ on the _________ surface of the ________.
    right and left ventral vagal branches; esophageal hiatus; ventral; esophagus
  11. The ventral vagal trunk supplies the...
    parietal surface of the stomach and liver
  12. The ______________ innervate the hindgut for the parasympathetic nervous system.
    pelvic nerves
  13. The _________ innervates the foregut and midgut for the parasympathetic nervous system.
    vagus n.
  14. The ___________ from the ___________ innervates the foregut for the sympathetic nervous system.
    splanchnic nn.; celiac plexus
  15. The ________ from the _______ and the _________ innervate the midgut for the sympathetic nervous system.
    splanchnic nn.; celiac and cranial mesenteric plexus
  16. The __________ from the __________ via the ___________ innervate the hindgut for the sympathetic nervous system.
    splanchnic n.; caudal mesenteric plexus; hypogastric nn.
  17. What arteries supply the foregut, midgut, and hindgut, respectively?
    • fore- cceliac a.
    • mid- cranial mesenteric a.
    • hind- caudal mesenteric a.
  18. List the 7 branches of the abdominal aorta.
    lumbar aa., celiac a., cranial mesenteric a., renal a., testicular a., caudal mesenteric a., and deep circumflex iliac aa.
  19. The branches of the abdominal aorta that go to the spinal column and muscles.
    lumbar aa.
  20. What are the 3 branches of the celiac a. (first branch of abdominal aorta)?
    hepatic a., left gastric a., splenic a.
  21. Branches of the hepatic artery (from the celiac a., from the abdominal aorta) that go to the liver and gall bladder.
    hepatic branches
  22. Branch of the hepatic a. (from the celiac a., from the abdominal aorta) that go to the lesser curvature of the stomach.
    right gastric a.
  23. Branch of the hepatic a. (from the celiac a., from the abdominal aorta) that goes to the pylorus, where it anastomoses with the right gastric a.
    gastroduodenal a.
  24. Branch of the gastroduodenal a. (from the hepatic a., from the celiac a., from the abdominal aorta) that goes to the greater curvature of the stomach and the greater omentum.
    right gastroepiploic a.
  25. Branch of the gastroduodenal a. (from hepatic a., from celiac a., from abdominal aorta) that goes to the duodenum and the right lobe of the pancreas.
    cranial pancreaticoduodenal a.
  26. The branch of the celiac a. (from abdominal aorta) that goes to the lesser curvature (left) of the esophagus.
    left gastric a.
  27. The branch of the celiac a. (from abdominal aorta) that goes to the spleen and to the greater curvature and omentum via its subsequent branches.
    splenic a.
  28. Branch of the splenic a. (from celiac a., from abdominal aorta) that goes to the caudal aspect of the greater curvature of the stomach and the greater omentum.
    left gastroepiploic a.
  29. Branches of the splenic a. (from celiac a., from abdominal aorta) that go to the right aspect of the greater curvature of the stomach.
    short gastric branches
  30. The artery that branches from the abdominal aorta that has branches that supply the colon, ileum, and jejunum.
    cranial mesenteric a.
  31. Branch of the ileocolic a. (from the cranial mesenteric a., from abdominal aorta) that goes to the transverse colon, descending colon,and left colic flexure.
    middle colic a.
  32. The branch of the ileocolic a. (from the cranial mesenteric a., from the abdominal aorta) that goes to the transverse colon, ascending colon, and right colic flexure.
    right colic a.
  33. The branches of the cranial mesenteric a. (from the abdominal aorta) that go to the colon.
    colic branches
  34. The branch of the cranial mesenteric a. (from the abdominal aorta) that goes to the cecum.
    cecal branch
  35. Branch of the cecal a. (from the cranial mesenteric a., from the abdominal aorta) that goes to the ileum ( method of IDing ileum in lab is to locate this a.).
    antimesenteric ileal a.
  36. Branch of the cranial mesenteric a. (from abdominal aorta) that goes to the descending duodenum and the right lobe of the pancreas.
    caudal pancreaticoduodenal a.
  37. Branches of the cranial mesenteric a. (from the abdominal aorta) that go to the jejunum.
    jejunal aa.
  38. Branches of the cranial mesenteric a. (from the abdominal aorta) that go to the ileum.
    ileal aa.
  39. Branches of the abdominal aorta that go to the kidneys.
    renal aa.
  40. Branches of the abdominal aorta that go to the testis/ovaries.
    testicular/ovarian aa.
  41. Branch of the abdominal aorta that has subsequent branches that go to the descending colon and the rectum.
    Caudal mesenteric a. (nose of "the man")
  42. Branch of the caudal mesenteric a. (from the abdominal aorta) that goes to the descending colon.
    left colic a.
  43. Branch of the caudal mesenteric a. (from the abdominal aorta) that goes to the rectum.
    cranial rectal a.
  44. Branches of the abdominal aorta that go to the abdominal wall.
    deep circumflex iliac aa. (arms of "the man")
  45. Vein formed by the union of tributaries of the venous drainage from the digestive tract, pancreas, and spleen that empties into the liver.
    portal vein
  46. What are the 3 veins that contribute to the portal vein?
    gastroduodenal v., splenic v., cranial mesenteric v.
  47. The largest lymph nodes of the abdomen that are found in the mesentery and cover the root of the mesentery.
    jejunal lymph nodes (cranial mesenteric lymph nodes)
  48. The medial iliac lymph nodes are part of the ________ group pf lymph nodes, which also includes the lumbar, aortic, and renal lymph nodes.
    parietal

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