SOC101 Ch 9

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JustDoughnut
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288902
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SOC101 Ch 9
Updated:
2014-11-11 16:14:56
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sociology eight vocabulary
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Vocabulary terms from sociology textbook chapter 9
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  1. Assimilation
    a process by which members of subordinate racial and ethnic groups become absorbed into the dominant culture.
  2. Authoritarian Personality
    a personality type characterized by excessive conformity, submissiveness to authority, intolerance, insecurity, a high level of superstition, and rigid, stereotypic thinking.
  3. Discrimination
    actions or practices of dominant-group members (or their representatives) that have a harmful effect on members of a subordinate group.
  4. Dominant Group
    is one that is advantaged and has superior resources and rights in a society
  5. Ethnic Group
    a collection of people distinguished, by others or by themselves, primarily on the basis of cultural or nationality characteristics.
  6. Ethnic Pluralism
    the coexistence of a variety of distinct racial and ethnic groups within one society.
  7. Genocide
    the deliberate, systematic killing of an entire people or nation.
  8. individual discrimination
    behavior consisting of one-on-one acts by members of the dominant group that harm members of the subordinate group or their property.
  9. institutional discrimination
    the day-to-day practices of organizations and institutions that have a harmful impact on members of subordinate groups
  10. internal colonialism
    according to conflict theorists, a practice that occurs when members of a racial or ethnic group are conquered or colonized and forcibly placed under the economic and political control of the dominant group
  11. prejudice
    a negative attitude based on faulty generalizations about members of selected racial and ethnic groups
  12. race
    a category of people who have been singled out as inferior or superior, often on the basis of physical characteristics such as skin color, hair texture, and eye shape.
  13. racism
    a set of attitudes, beliefs, and practices that is used to justify the superior treatment of one racial or ethnic group and the inferior treatment of another racial or ethnic group.
  14. scapegoat
    a person or group that is incapable of offering resistance to the hostility or aggression of others.
  15. segregation
    the spatial and social separation of categories of people by race, ethnicity, class, gender, and/or religion.
  16. split labor market
    a term used to describe the division of the economy into two areas of employment, a primary sector or upper tier, composed of higher-paid (usually dominant-group) workers in more-secure jobs, and a secondary sector or lower tier, composed of lower-paid (often subordinate-group) workers in jobs with little security and hazardous working conditions.
  17. stereotypes
    overgeneralizations about the appearance, behavior, or other characteristics of particular groups.
  18. subordinate group
    is one whose members, because of physical or cultural characteristics, are disadvantaged and subjected to unequal treatment by the dominant group and who regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination

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