SOC101 Ch 10

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Author:
JustDoughnut
ID:
288905
Filename:
SOC101 Ch 10
Updated:
2014-11-11 16:27:14
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sociology ten vocabulary
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Vocabulary terms from sociology textbook chapter 10
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  1. body consciousness
    a term that describes how a person perceives and feels about his or her body.
  2. comparable worth (or pay equity)
    the belief that wages ought to reflect the worth of a job, not the gender or race of the worker.
  3. Feminism
    the belief that women and men are equal and should be valued equally and have equal rights.
  4. gender
    the culturally and socially constructed differences between females and males found in the meanings, beliefs, and practices associated with “femininity” and “masculinity.”
  5. gender identity
    a person’s perception of the self as female or male.
  6. gender role
    the attitudes, behavior, and activities that are socially defined as appropriate for each sex and are learned through the socialization process.
  7. hermaphrodite
    a person in whom sexual differentiation is ambiguous or incomplete.
  8. homophobia
    extreme prejudice directed at gays, lesbians, bisexuals, and others who are perceived as not being heterosexual.
  9. matriarchy
    a hierarchical system of social organization in which cultural, political, and economic structures are controlled by women.
  10. patriarchy
    a hierarchical system of social organization in which cultural, political, and economic structures are controlled by men.
  11. pay gap
    a term used to describe the disparity between women’s and men’s earnings.
  12. sex
    the biological and anatomical differences between females and males.
  13. primary sex characteristics
    the genitalia used in the reproductive process.
  14. secondary sex characteristics
    the physical traits (other than reproductive organs) that identify an individual’s sex.
  15. sexual orientation
    a person’s preference for emotional–sexual relationships with members of the opposite sex (heterosexuality), the same sex (homosexuality), or both (bisexuality).
  16. transsexual
    a person who believes that he or she was born with the body of the wrong sex.
  17. transvestite
    a male who lives as a woman or a female who lives as a man but does not alter the genitalia.

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