US History 1865-Present Exam II

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Fmarie
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288923
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US History 1865-Present Exam II
Updated:
2014-11-12 21:46:58
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WWII Dust Bowl McCarthyism RedScare Hitler Soviet Union Japan United States Great Depression
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Exam II
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  1. Civilian Conservation Corps
    -         1933

    • -         An attempt to
    • solve unemployment by hiring young men to help plant trees and work on soil
    • conservation projects

    Employed 30k people at a time, 3 million In all
  2. Works Progress Administration
    • -         Hired both men
    • and women for road and infrastructure projects

    • -         Hired artists and
    • writers to go to the south to get history on slavery for federal project. Tapes
    • still exist today.

    Federal theater project           

    1933
  3. FDR
    1933-1945

    • -         4 term president,
    • most popular since Washington

    -         Dies in office

    • -         Promises change
    • and experimentation

    • -         Wealthy family,
    • but during depression family turns on him

    • -         Polio takes the
    • use of his legs in his 30s

    • Rejects hoover’s policy on government intervention, causing royalists to
    • hate him for his ideals, and making hoover lose a second term
  4. New Deal
    • -         Economic changes
    • to help the country transition out of depression

    • -         Gave power to
    • organized labor

    • -         Congress of
    • Industrial Organization formed (5 million in 1940, 5% of pop unionized)

    • -         Little to no help
    • to women or minorities

    • -         No equal
    • opportunity for women, causing jobs to be lost quickly

    • -         Judicial and
    • Legislative branch disagree on whether things are constitutional or
    • unconstitutional

    • -         FDR appoints
    • first women to cabinet

    • -         Crop reduction:
    • Forces laborers to fire additional migrant workers because money is lost

    • -         New deal eases severity, but production jumpstarts
    • economy

    • Did
    • not alter the system, but added much needed regulations     

    - 1933
  5. Agriculture Adjustment Act
    -         1933   

    • -         Pays farmers to
    • take land out of cultivation

    • -         Sets production
    • limits
  6. The Dust Bowl
    • -         Known as dirty
    • thirties, one of most severe environmental disasters

    • -         Homestead act
    • promotes overfarming, droughts dried the topsoil, making it powder, and high
    • winds created dust storms, to create the dust bowl

    • -         2.5 million
    • people leave the Midwest, leading to one of the top 3 economic disasters

    • -         To this day, some
    • of the land is still unmanageable

    • -         Cause: lack of
    • regulation



    • -         No defense
    • against wind and man

    Cause: man + weather, effect weather forces economic hardship
  7. Dorothea Lange
    Photographer in the thirties. During great depression and dust bowl
  8. National Recovery Administration
    • -         Designed to
    • eliminate competition through relief and reform

    • -         Success would be
    • through planning and cooperation of businesses and government

    • -         Labor set at 40c
    • an hour

    • -         Supreme court
    • rules unconstitutional, on the grounds that the government is intervening in the
    • private sector

     1933
  9. Wagner Act
    -         1935

    • -         Part of labor
    • legislation. Was the National Labor Relations Act.

    • -         Unions can
    • bargain with employers for wages. 
    • (Collective bargaining)

    • -      Companies can’t
    • fire workers for forming unions

    The government will protect Union rights
  10. Henry Wallace
    -         1941-1945

    • -         Radical vice
    • president candidate

    • -         Spokesperson for
    • labor, civil rights, women, African americans, and progressivism

    • -         His radical ideas
    • create enemies in the government, so Dixycrats push him off the ticket

    • -         Compare his
    • ideals with identifying with hitler

    Truman wins
  11. Isolationism
    • -         1930s
    • The idea to focus
    • on domestic concerns, not abroad

    • -         The idea came up
    • for two reasons: 1. Fear over soviets exporting communism. Red scare a threat
    • again

    Still no interest in taking affairs abroad after economic turmoil
  12. Appeasement (to appease)
    • -         1938
    • Making political or
    • material consessions to an enemy to avoid war

    • -         Example: Germany
    • began to annex countries, such as Sudetenland, Europe agreed that there wouldn’t
    • be further conflict involving Germany, however

    • -         Germany violates
    • that promise, and invades Czech in 1938 and the powers look the other way again

    • -         Finally, Germany
    • invades Poland on September 3, 1939 and 3 days later, England and France
    • declare war
  13. Pearl Harbor
    • -         December 7, 1941
    • Japan begins to
    • invade, occupy, and expand in Asia

    • -         U.S. cuts off
    • trade out of disapproval.

    • -         Japan, being an
    • island and dependant on US suffers

    • -         U.S. freezes
    • japan’s assets, demands that japan withdraw from China.

    • -         After fabricating
    • peace talks, Japan attacks pearl harbor on December 8th, congress
    • declares war

    • -         U.S. citizens
    • want revenge, but the war in Germany comes first

    When US declares war on Japan, Germany declares war on the US
  14. D-Day
    -         1944

    • -         The invasion of
    • Normandy, France to overthrow Germans occupying the country

    • -         150k+ Troops stormed
    • the beaches of Normandy and overcame the German troops in a battle that
    • signified a major ally victory in WWII
  15. Keynesian Economics
    • -         Mid 1930s
    • An idea that
    • economic output is influenced my demand. Therefor, governments should spend
    • money to get the economy going.
  16. Internment Camps
    • -         1942
    • Japanese
    • Internment camps post Pearl Harbor

    • -         The camps
    • confined 100k+ Japanese citizens after seizing their property. 5000 people lost
    • citizenship

    • -         Some sue the
    • government, but the courts said it was constitutional

    • -         The ruling was
    • overturned in 1988, and 1.2 billion dollars was paid to the Japanese
  17. Rosie the Riveter
    • -         Rosie the Riveter
    • was a feminist icon during WWII to symbolize women in the work force
  18. Marshall Plan
    • -         1948
    • The US’ plan for
    • European economic aid after WW2

    • -         Named for George
    • C. Marshall

    • -         US transferred 10
    • billion dollars to Europe so countries could buy US goods on loan

    • -         Russia declines
    • the offer, because repayment is involved, and demands aid without restriction

    • -         The US denies
    • free aid
  19. Containment
    • -         A proposed plan
    • to Russian encroachment

    • -         To contain the
    • spread of communism

    • -         George Kennan,
    • father of containment, ideas fuel Truman doctrine
  20. Truman Doctrine
    • -   Mandates that the
    • U.S. will support any free countries around the world who are resisting
    • subjugation by minorities or outside pressure

    -         Ex: Korean War.

    • -         North Korea
    • encroaches on South Korea, U.S. employs Truman Doctrine


    • Containment
    • & Truman Doctrine the reasons for Cold War
  21. NATO
    • -         
    • 1949

    • -         
    • North Atlantic
    • Treaty Organization

    • -         A collective
    • group of European allies

    • -         If one member is
    • attacked, the other members will come to its aid.

    • o  Commitment to
    • defense of Europe

    • o  US response if
    • needed
  22. Warsaw Pact
    -         A mirror of NATO

    • -         After European
    • allies formed NATO, the soviet union compelled remaining countries to sign the
    • Warsaw Pact, pledging themselves to S.U. 
    • and communism
  23. McCarthyism
    • -         Lead by Senator
    • Joe McCarthy, an anti-communist advocate and red baitor

    • -         Went on a
    • communist witch hunt through the government, army, and Joseph Welch

    • -         Anyone that
    • criticized him was called a communist

    • -         Edward R Murrow
    • takes down Joe McCarthy

    • -         McCarthy gets a
    • public shaming after taking 0 people
  24. Cuban Missile Crisis
    -  1962

    • -Castro sides with
    • the Soviet Union as a result of the Bay of Pigs. The soviet union begins
    • installing nuclear missiles in the bay once the alliance is made.

    • -         U.S. discovers
    • plot, Kennedy makes a stand on national TV but SU not willing to back down

    • -         US initiates
    • naval blockade of Cuba

    • -         US initiates
    • compromise to desiccate  the situation
    • (US pulls out of turkey If SU pulls out of cuba)
  25. Bay of the Pigs
    • -         Kennedy attempts
    • a coup of Cuba, and implants 1400 radical Cubans who once desserted the company
    • back inside to create an uprising. They were easily defeated when their air
    • support never came. Cuba learned about Kennedy’s attempts and turned to Russia
    • as an ally.

    1961
  26. Second Red Scare
    • 1950s
    • -         In an attempt to
    • discredit Truman, Republicans used communism as a tool to dominate the white house.
  27. Edward R. Murrow
    • -         A prominent
    • broadcast/ investigative journalist who took down senator joe mccarthy
  28. Freedom of Information Act
    • -         A law that gives
    • citizens the right to request information from the government 30 years after an
    • event has occurred.
  29. Jim Crow
    • -         Segregation laws
    • from 1873-1865

    • -         Mandate
    • segregation in all southern states that were former confederacy members

    • -         Disenfranchisement:
    • revocation of the right to vote

    • -         Plessey vs.
    • Ferguson: Separate but equal

    • -         Replaced black
    • codes

    • Violence
    • against blacks as a result of speaking out
  30. NAACP
    • -         National
    • association for the advancement of colored people

    -         Formed in 1901

    • -         To further the
    • political, educational, social, and economic rights of all persons

    • -         Eliminate hatred
    • and racial inequality

    • -         Co-founded by WEB
    • Du Bois
  31. Brown v. Board of Education
    • -         Children in
    • Kansas denied entry to schools that were supposed to be segregated

    • -         One family takes
    • the case to court in 1954.

    • -         Court proves that
    • Plessey vs. Ferguson violates constitution by using sociologists to prove the
    • harm of separation
  32. Greensboro, NC
    -         1960

    • -         4 College men
    • devise a “sit in” and are photographed sitting in a whites only section of a
    • diner

    • -         Photos are
    • broadcast on media outlets and in the paper

    • -         People are
    • outraged and inspired

    • -         This inspires sit
    • ins everywhere, becoming the most preferred method of protesting against
    • segregation.
  33. Direct Action
    • -         When you break a
    • law because you believe it is unfair

    • -         95% of the
    • Montgomery population take direct action by protesting

    • -         Through protests,
    • MLK becomes promonent figure
  34. SNCC
    • -         Direct action
    • protestors populated by college students who wanted immediate change

    -         Staged sit-ins
  35. CORE
    • -         Conggress of
    • racial equality

    • -         A biracial group,
    • most famous member was John Lewis

    -         Staged jail-ins
  36. Freedom Riders
    -         1960

    • -         Known as
    • “militants for freedom”

    • -         Federal
    • government rules that federal segregation is illegal on interstates

    • -         To test this out,
    • Freedom riders hit the interstates

    • -         Violence, riots
    • break out. Troops are deployed, and the freedom riders are ultimately arrested.
  37. Birmingham Campaign
    • -         Martin Luther
    • King JR and the Southern Christian Leadership Confederation (SCLC) get together
    • to take down the city of Birmingham

    • -         They fill the
    • city with protestors

    • -         Bill Conner (the
    • sheriff) turns fire hoses and police dogs on protest in the most violent
    • pushback demonstrated through the civil rights era

    • -         The media
    • broadcasted the injustices of the people of Birmingham, making people band together
    • even more.

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