OCC Oceanography Chapter 18 Baker MRSCA100 CRN21404

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OCC Oceanography Chapter 18 Baker MRSCA100 CRN21404
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2014-11-11 21:23:21
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OCC Oceanography Chapter18 Baker MRSCA100 CRN21404
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OCC Oceanography Chapter 18 Baker MRSCA100 CRN21404
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  1. What determines an organism’s response to a particular pollutant?
    A. The quantity of the pollutant
    B. The persistence of the pollutant
    C. All of the choices
    D. The toxicity of the pollutant
    C. All of the choices
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. How long does it take for many plastics to decompose?
    A. 50 years
    B. 1,000,000 years
    C. 250 years
    D. 400 years
    E. 100 years
    D. 400 years
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. How long does marine life usually tend to recover from a crude oil spill?
    A. 100 years
    B. 30 years
    C. 2 years
    D. 5 years
    D. 5 years
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Who was responsible for the environmental movement?
    A. Sylvia Earle
    B. Charles Darwin
    C. Edward Ricketts
    D. Rachel Carson
    D. Rachel Carson
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. What happens when corals exceed their normal temperatures for too long of a period of time?
    A. Coral polyps grow excessively
    B. Corals eject their zooxanthellae
    C. None of the choices
    D. Corals break down their shells
    B. Corals eject their zooxanthellae
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. How do the insoluble components of oil affect the ocean?
    A. Clog feeding structures
    B. Decrease the amount of light penetrating the surface
    C. All of the choices
    D. Prevent free diffusion of gas
    C. All of the choices
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Why is the ozone layer important?
    A. It increases the Earth's temperature.
    B. It stabilizes the atmospheric layers.
    C. It protects Earth from ultraviolet rays.
    D. It moderates Earth's temperature
    C. It protects Earth from ultraviolet rays.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. What percentage of marine pollutants originates from human activities on land?
    A. 77%
    B. 10%
    C. 1%
    D. 33%
    A. 77%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Based on MARPOL, what type of material is illegal to dump at sea any distance from shore?
    A. Dunnage
    B. Metal
    C. Plastic
    D. None of the choices
    C. Plastic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Where does the largest addition of oil to the ocean come from?
    A. Natural seeps of crude oil
    B. Transportation of oil
    C. None of the choices
    D. Extraction of crude oil
    A. Natural seeps of crude oil
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Although these are all common in our atmosphere, which one is not a greenhouse gas?
    A. Methane
    B. Water vapor
    C. Carbon dioxide
    D. Nitrogen
    D. Nitrogen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which of the greenhouse gases is considered the number one global warming gas?
    A. Nitrogen
    B. Water vapor
    C. Carbon dioxide
    D. Methane
    C. Carbon dioxide
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which habitat is the most impacted by pollutants?
    a. Estuaries
    b. Intertidal zones
    c. Deep- water zones
    d. None of the choices
    • Which habitat is the most impacted by pollutants?
    • a. Estuaries
  14. What is favorable news associated with global warming—perhaps one of the few advantages?
    A. The Northwest Passage may open
    B. There will be a rise in sea level
    C. There will be more rainfall
    D. There will be more wildfires
    A. The Northwest Passage may open
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Crude oil is more harmful to the environment than refined oil.
    True or False
    False
  16. The acceptance of global energy change is difficult because fossil fuels power most of the world economies.
    True or False
    True
  17. The depletion of the ozone layer near the poles had a major impact on the productivity of plankton. This is because the plankton was receiving too much .
    A. Water vapor
    B. Infrared Light
    C. UV Light
    D. Carbon dioxide
    C. UV Light
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. In some cases, areas where oil spills were cleaned had communities in worse shape than in areas where an oil spill was left alone.
    True or False
    True
  19. There is an area is the North East Pacific where plastic has been accumulating for a long time and has come to be known as:
    A. The East Pacific Garbage Patch
    B. The East Ocean Plastic Dump
    C. The North Pacific Plastic Gyre
    D. None of the choices
    A. The East Pacific Garbage Patch
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Until recently, in the past 400,000 years, carbon dioxide had never exceeded _______ ppm.
    A. 200
    B. 100
    C. 400
    D. 300
    D. 300
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. In what era do we see the most dramatic rise in carbon dioxide?
    A. The Industrial Revolution
    B. Renaissance
    C. Dark Ages
    D. Bubonic plague
    A. The Industrial Revolution
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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