OCC Rock Poshek MUSA139 CRN24288 Words in Red Lectures 9-11

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OCC Rock Poshek MUSA139 CRN24288 Words in Red Lectures 9-11
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OCC Rock Poshek MUSA139 CRN24288 Words in Red Lectures 9-11
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  1. Where and when was Carlos Santana born?
    Near Tijuana, Mexico in 1947.
  2. Carlos Santana's band was one of the first rock groups to use what?
    Latin percussion and congas.
  3. What is significant about Carlos Santana's family?
    He is from a musical family.
  4. Where was Jimi Hendrix born and where did he die?
    Born in Seattle, Washington and Died in London, England.
  5. What was Jimi Hendrix known for?
    • Most innovative instrumental genius in rock. Incredible guitarist whose technique never overwhelmed his blues and
    • rock foundation.
  6. What and with whom did Jimi Hendrix play in 1961?
    Played the “chitlin circuit” with Little Richard, Ike and Tina Turner, B.B. King, etc.
  7. What was Jimi Hendrix stage name in 1961?
    Jimmy James.
  8. What did Jimi Hendrix do at Paul McCartney's suggestion?
    Played the Monterey Pop Festival - that performance made him a superstar.
  9. What did Jimi Hendrix do at the end of his performance at the Monterey Pop Festival?
    Burned his guitar.
  10. Discography of Jimi Hendrix Experience:
    • Are You Experienced (1967)
    • 1 - "Purple Haze"
    • Axis: Bold as Love (1967)
    • 6 - "Little Wing"
    • Electric Ladyland (1968) (Disc 2)
    • 6 - "All Along the Watchtower"
  11. When and whom formed Jefferson Airplane?
    1965 - group formed by Marty Balin and Paul Kantner as a folk-rock group in San Francisco soon started playing rock but kept the folk lyrics.
  12. When did Grace Slick join Jefferson Airplane?
    1965
  13. What two hit songs did Grace Slick bring with her to Jefferson Airplane?
    • “Somebody to Love”
    • “White Rabbit” – based on Alice in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll
  14. What was Jefferson Airplane's 2nd album but 1st with Grace Slick?
    "Surrealistic Pillow" in 1967
  15. Buffalo Springfield was formed in Los Angeles in 1966 by?
    Steven Stills and Neil Young
  16. Crosby, Stills & Nash (Young) are comprised of who and from which bands did they come?
    • David Crosby - Byrds
    • Steven Stills - Buffalo Springfield
    • Graham Nash - Hollies
    • Neil Young – Buffalo Springfield
  17. Style and influences of Crosby, Stills and Nash (Young)?
    • complex vocal harmonies – often with 4 distinct parts
    • lyrics always clear – the music always supports the lyrics
    • blend of influences – folk, country, rock
  18. How did Nash come to play with Crosby and Stills?
    Creatively frustrated with the Hollies, Nash decided to join with Crosby and Stills
  19. Their early music was a hybrid of country and bluegrass instrumentation grafted onto the harmonies of California surfer rock.
    Eagles
  20. The Eagles' early music was what style?
    Their early music was a hybrid of country and bluegrass instrumentation grafted onto the harmonies of California surfer rock
  21. What was significant about Janis Joplin's death?
    Died about the same time as Hendrix (1970) and Jim Morrison (1971) at age 27.
  22. What was Janis Joplin's vocal style?
    R&B tradition, gutsy, raspy, tremendous dynamic range, captivated audiences, model for other female artists.
  23. When was the Monterey Pop Festival?
    June 1967
  24. Santana was one of the first rock groups to use?
    Latin Percussion and Congas.
  25. What was significant about Santana's "Supernatural" album?
    It sold 25 million copies and was awarded 9 Grammy Awards.
  26. When and where was Jim Morrison born?
    December 8, 1943; Melbourne, Florida.
  27. When and where did Jim Morrison die?
    July 3, 1971; Paris, France.
  28. What did Danny Sugarman say about Jim Morrison?
    “[Jim Morrison was] the generation’s finest electric poet.”
  29. Who was one of the most literate and well-read of rock musicians?
    Jim Morrison
  30. What were the influences (non musical) of Jim Morrison's music?
    Influences: film, literature, poetry, theatre and philosophy
  31. What were some of the musical influences of Jim Morrison's music?
    Musical Influences: rock, R&B, classical, jazz
  32. Where did The Doors get their name?
    William Blake (artist/poet) - “When the doors of perception are cleansed, man will see things as they truly are, infinite.”
  33. What was the goal of The Doors' music?
    to marry rock with poetry – no gimmicks, no elaborate staging or special effects
  34. Who said, “[Jim Morrison was] the generation’s finest electric poet.”?
    Danny Sugarman
  35. Art Rock is...
    rock music that is characterized by postmodern lyrical themes and/or musical experimentation, often extending beyond standard pop song forms, toward influences in jazz, classical, world music or the experimental avant-garde
  36. rock music that is characterized by postmodern lyrical themes and/or musical experimentation, often extending beyond standard pop song forms, toward influences in jazz, classical, world music or the experimental avant-garde
    Art Rock
  37. Who were the notable members of Pink Floyd, when where they born and what did they play?
    • Syd Barrett (1946) gtr, vocal
    • Roger Waters (1944) bass, vocal
    • Richard Wright (1945)kybd
    • Nick Mason (1945) drums
    • David Gilmour (1944) gtr
  38. When and what was Pink Floyd's breakthrough album?
    Dark Side of the Moon in 1973
  39. What was significant about Pink Floyd's Dark Side of the Moon?
    Although the lyrics were dark, the music was extremely varied. They used taped voices, sound effects, noise, saxophone and soprano
  40. What is Progressive Rock?
    • ambitious, eclectic, and often grandiose style of rock music
    • contrast to American rock, which was more influenced by rhythm & blues and country
  41. What are the characteristics of Progressive Rock?
    Lyrics that convey intricate and sometimes impenetrable narratives, covering such themes as science fiction, fantasy, history, religion, war, madness, and literature
  42. Pink Floyd's song "Money" had what sound on it?
    ringing cash registers
  43. What group used ringing cash registers on what song and which album?
    Pink Floyd, "Money", "Dark Side of the Moon" album
  44. What happened when Buffalo Springfield broke up in 1968?
    Two members went on to play with Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young.
  45. What was significant about CSN&Y's musical style?
    • -complex vocal harmonies – often with 4 distinct parts
    • -lyrics always clear – the music always supports the lyrics
  46. What is significant about CSN&Y's song "Ohio"?
    1 - “Ohio” - Neil Young – In 1970, a few weeks after Deja Vu was released, four students participating in an antiwar demonstration at Kent State University in Ohio were shot and killed by the National Guard. The group immediately wrote and recorded the song and released it as a single.

    They have split-up and reunited many times since 1971.
  47. When and where did the Eagles form?
    1971, Los Angeles
  48. When and where did the Eagles dissolove?
    Los Angeles, 1981
  49. What is one of the Eagles' #1 songs?
    Hotel California
  50. What was significant about Blood, Sweat and Tears?
    Combined a jazz horn section with a rock rhythm section.
  51. What was significant about Steely Dan?
    Group rarely toured. On recordings they used top L.A. studio musicians. Legendary studio perfectionists.
  52. What did Joni Mitchel do in 1967?
    Drew rave reviews in Detroit, moved to New York in 1967, where she signed with Reprise Records and began seeing her songs recorded by established artists.
  53. What did Joni Mitchel do in 1974?
    Changed musical directions and began working with some of L.A.’s top studio musicians, incorporating contemporary jazz into her style. Court and Spark (#2, 1974) remains her highest-charting album.
  54. What was significant about Deep Purple in 1970?
    Deep Purple in Rock – Guitar playing of Ritchie Blackmore began to dominate. Heavy metal sound forming.
  55. Black Sabbath's Original Line-up was ___________ on vocals and ______________ on guitar.
    Ozzy Osbourne on vocals and Tommy Iommi on guitar.
  56. What happened to Black Sabbath in 1979?
    Ozzy Osbourne left to form his own band, The Blizzard of Ozz. For that group he discovered talented the guitarist and songwriter, Randy Rhoads from the California-based band, Quiet Riot.
  57. What is parodied in the rockumentary Spinal Tap?
    The Scorpions' having vulgar and somewhat obscene album covers.
  58. Who formed Metallica?
    Guitarist/lead singer James Hetfield and Drummer Lars Ulrich
  59. In 1982, who became the bassist for Metallica?
    Cliff Burton
  60. Who replaced Metallica's bassist, Cliff Burton?
    Jason Newsted
  61. Who replaced David Mustaine as lead guitarist of Metallica?
    Kirk Hammett
  62. Who were the most notable members of the Sex Pistols?
    • Johnny Rotten - vocals
    • Sid Vicious - bass
  63. What was significant about The Clash's music?
    They took the anger and frustration of the English working class youth and gave it universal meaning stressing the worldwide problems of oppression and violence.
  64. What is significant about New Wave music?
    • -combined the anger of punk with the sophistication of other musical styles.
    • -no long guitar solos – guitar is part of the overall musical texture.
    • -few special studio effects
    • -back to a basic rock sound
    • -interesting, complex rhythms
  65. What is one of the Pretenders' hit songs?
    "Brass in Pocket" R&B feel, hit single
  66. Who are the Police?
    • Sting (Gordon Sumner) – former school teacher, actor, with little professional musical experience
    • Stewart Copeland - drummer in art rock group
    • Andy Summers - older guitarist who studied classical guitar at Cal State Northridge
  67. Who developed the concept of Police's Synchronicity album?
    Carl Jung
  68. What was the concept of Police's Synchronicity album?
    Seemingly unrelated events may be connected. For example – a clock stopping at the exact moment someone in the house dies.
  69. Who was the first group to explore reggae and incorporate it into rock?
    The Police
  70. How did Sting use the Synclavier?
    To compose, arrange and teach a song to the band.
  71. Who are the members of U2?
    • Bono (Paul Hewson) – vocals
    • The Edge (Dave Evans) – guitar
    • Larry Mullen – drums
    • Adam Clayton – bass
  72. What was U2's first album?
    1980 – Boy – “I Will Follow”. Their first album focused on the problems of youth including suicide.
  73. What did U2's first album focus on?
    the problems of youth including suicide
  74. U2's “Sunday Bloody Sunday” was an?
    appeal to end the violence in Northern Ireland
  75. What was significant about U2's 1987 The Joshua Tree album?
    Highly acclaimed compassionate album supporting the work done by Amnesty International. “With or Without You”.
  76. The Monterey Pop Festival board includes...
    members of The Beatles and The Beach Boys
  77. How much were the artist paid at the Monterey Pop Festival?
    The artists performed for free, with all revenue donated to charity.
  78. The Monterey Pop Festival is regarded as the...?
    as the apex of the so-called "Summer of Love"
  79. What was significant about the Monterey Pop Festival?
    it was the first real rock festival ever held, featuring debut performances of bands that would shape the history of rock and affect popular culture from that day forward
  80. Blood, Sweat and Tears combined...?
    Combined a jazz horn section with a rock rhythm section
  81. Whom combined a jazz horn section with a rock rhythm section?
    Blood, Sweat and Tears
  82. What was significant about Steely Dan?
    Group rarely toured. On recordings they used top L.A. studio musicians.
  83. What group rarely toured and on recordings they used top L.A. studio musicians?
    Steely Dan
  84. The term, heavy metal, was first used by...?
    first used by William Burroughs in his novel -Nova Express, 1964 (not Naked Lunch)
  85. What term was first used by William Burroughs in his novel -Nova Express, 1964 (not Naked Lunch)?
    heavy metal
  86. Who popularized the term heavy metal?
    Critic – Lester Bangs popularized the term as a style of music in Creem Magazine
  87. Critic – Lester Bangs popularized what term as a style of music in Creem Magazine
    heavy metal
  88. Name three UK heavy metal bands
    Led Zeppelin, Black Sabbath, Deep Purple
  89. In what music can Punk attitudes be found?
    in the music of Elvis Presley, The Rolling Stones, The Who and Jimi Hendrix
  90. What did Punk stand for?
    Punk also stood for the frustration of the British youth – many of whom were unemployed
  91. Significant members of the Sex Pistols are
    • Johnny Rotten
    • Sid Vicious joined on bass in 1977
  92. What band took the anger and frustration of the English working class youth and gave it universal meaning stressing the worldwide problems of oppression and violence?
    The Clash
  93. Who was the lead singer of The Pretenders?
    Chrissie Hynde was the lead singer and songwriter. She was born in Akron, Ohio in 1951
  94. Who was born in Akron, Ohio in 1951?
    Chrissie Hynde the lead singer and songwriter of The Pretenders.
  95. Where and when was Joni Mitchell born?
    Born Roberta Joan Anderson in Alberta, Canada on November 7, 1943, Mitchell grew up in Saskatoon.
  96. What happened to Joni Mitchell when she was nine years old?
    At age nine she was stricken with polio. Defying doctors’ predictions that she would never walk again, she recovered after spending nights in the children’s ward singing at the top of her lungs.
  97. When and where was Bruce Springsteen born?
    Born 1949, Freehold, NJ
  98. Who was born 1949, Freehold, NJ?
    Bruce Springsteen
  99. Columbia Records labeled Bruce Springsteen...?
    Columbia Records labeled him “the new Bob Dylan” because of his lyrical talent and because he was discovered by producer John Hammond as a solo singer/songwriter
  100. Columbia Records labeled him “the new Bob Dylan” because of his lyrical talent and because he was discovered by producer John Hammond as a solo singer/songwriter
    Bruce Springsteen
  101. Bruce Springsteen was on the cover of what magazines at the same time?
    Time and Newsweek
  102. What are the lyrics to Bruce Springsteen's Born in the USA?
    • Born down in a dead man's town/The first kick I took was when I hit the ground
    • You end up like a dog that's been beat too much/Till you spend half your life just covering up
    • Born in the U.S.A.
    • Got in a little hometown jam/So they put a rifle in my hand
    • Sent me off to a foreign land/To go and kill the yellow man
    • Born in the U.S.A.
    • Come back home to the refinery/Hiring man says "Son if it was up to me"
    • Went down to see my V.A. man/He said "Son, don't you understand"
    • I had a brother at Khe Sahn fighting off the Viet Cong/They're still there, he's all gone
    • He had a woman he loved in Saigon/I got a picture of him in her arms now
    • Down in the shadow of the penitentiary/Out by the gas fires of the refinery
    • I'm ten years burning down the road/Nowhere to run, got nowhere to go
    • Born in the U.S.A.

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