test chapter 4 sicologia
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Confidence in and respect for yourself.
A generalized feeling of worry and nervousness that does not have any specific cause.
Unconditional positive regard
Love and acceptance of a person, particularly a child, regardless of his or her particular behavior.
Conditional positive regard
– Love and acceptance of a person, particularly a child, on the condition that he or she behaves in a certain way.
The belief that you are able to achieve what you want in life.
Anything completed through effort, skill, or persistence.
How you think and feel about your body and appearance.
The critical voice that bombards you with constant negative self-talk.
A positive self-statement that helps you think of yourself in a positive, caring, and accepting way.
Any remark that contains a judgment, evaluation, or statement of fault.
Name five effects of high self-esteem and five effects of low self-esteem.
High self-esteem Low self-esteem
- a. Express your creativity
- b. Stand up for yourself
- c. Give and receive affection
- d. Handle stress and anger calmly
- e. See the future with optimism
f. Mistrust other people
- g. Miss out the joy of life
- h. Worry about being a burden to other
- i. Live in fear of rejection and disapproval
- j. Anticipate problems, crises, and failure
- 2. How do childhood experiences affect self-esteem?
How do childhood experiences affect
Good and positive comments helps develops a good self-esteem. Abusive or neglectful, physical or mental disability or intense criticism from others affects to develop a low self-esteem.
3. Explain the statement: “You may or may not get what you deserve, but you will nearly always get what you expect.”
If you belief you will be successful you will be successful but if you belief you won’t be successful that will happen.
5. Give an example of upward comparison and an example of downward comparison.
An upward comparison
When you look at your co-workers car that the company gave him and compare yours that is not so new.
A downward comparison
When you have an old car and compare yours with the neighbors and said that one is older than yours.
6. Explain the three steps in handling constructive criticism.
- 1. Listen - open to criticism, even constructive criticism. Listen carefully and check for understanding.
- 2. Restate the criticism – summarizing the critic’s message, you show that you are interested and not on the defensive.
- 3. Ask for suggestion - If the critic hasn’t provided a suggestion, ask for them on how to improve.
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