PSYH 151- Chapter 12

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HPizir
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289024
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PSYH 151- Chapter 12
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2014-11-14 15:49:30
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PSYH 151 Chapter 12
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PSYH 151- Chapter 12
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PSYH 151- Chapter 12
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  1. An inferred process within a person or animal that causes movement either toward a goal or away from an unpleasant situation
    Motivation
  2. The pursuit of an activity for its own sake
    Intrinsic Motivation
  3. The pursuit of an activity for external rewards such as fame or money
    Extrinsic Motivation
  4. What is the biggest influence on body weight for most people?
    Genetic Predisposition
  5. Which set of twins are more similar in body weight, Identical or Fraternal?
    Identical Twins, even if they are raised apart
  6. This drug alters the brain chemistry that influences how animals eat as adults
    Leptin
  7. An eating disorder characterized by episodes of excessive eating (binges) followed by forced vomiting or use laxatives (purging)
    Bulimia
  8. An eating disorder characterized by fear of being fat, a distorted body image, radically reduced consumption of food and emaciation
    Anorexia Nevosa
  9. T or F? Bulimia is an eating disorder characterized by fear of being fat, a distorted body image, radically reduced consumption of food, and emaciation
    False
  10. T or F? You are more likely to date someone who is taking the same classes as you rather than someone who is in a different major.
    True
  11. I find it relatively easy to get close to other people. I am comfortable depending on other people and having them depend on me. I don't usually worry about being abandoned or about having someone get too close to me. What attachment style does this describe?
    Secure
  12. I find it difficult to turn people completely. O am somewhat uncomfortable being close to others. I feel nervous when people start to get too close. Often, I feel like people want me to be more intimate than I feel comfortable being. I find it difficult to allow myself to depend on others. What attachment style does this describe?
    Avoidant
  13. I find that other people are reluctant to get as close as I would like. I often worry that someone I am close to doesn't really love me or won't want to stay with me. I want to merge completely with another person and this sometimes scares people away. What attachment style does this describe?
    Anxious-Ambivalent
  14. The longer you are in a relationship with someone one, what factors will increase and which one will increase
    • Passion = decrease
    • Intimacy = increase
  15. T or F? The male orgasm is much more powerful and intense than the female orgasm?
    False
  16. T or F? There are physiological changes regarding sex
    false, there are none
  17. Is sexual orientation more a matter of nature or nurture?
    Nature
  18. Projective test that asks respondents to interpret a series of drawings showing scenes of people
    Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
  19. Kelly wants to one day be a famous and make a lot of money. Susan has set a goal to get into medical school and to become a neurosurgeon. Which student is more likely to be more motivated?
    Susan
  20. Goals framed in terms of performing well in front of others, being judged favorably, and avoiding criticism
    Performance goals
  21. Goals framed in terms of increasing one's competence and skills
    Mastery (learning) goals
  22. Positive experiences that you seek directly
    Approach goals
  23. Involve the effort to avoid unpleasant experiences
    Avoidance Goals
  24. An expectation that comes true because of the tendency to act in ways to bring it about
    Self-fulfilling prophecy
  25. A person's belief that he or she is capable of producing desired results, such as mastering new skills and reaching goals
    Self-efficacy
  26. Occur when you are equally attracted to two or more possible activities or goals
    Approach-Approach Conflicts
  27. Require you to choose between the lesser of two evils because you dislike both alternatives
    Avoidance-Avoidance Conflicts
  28. Occur when a single activity or goal has both a positive and negative aspect
    Approach-Avoidance Conflicts
  29. An inferred process within a person or animal that causes movement either toward a goal or away from an unpleasant situation
    Motivation
  30. The pursuit of an activity for its own sake
    Intrinsic motivation
  31. The pursuit of an activity for external rewards, such as money or fame
    Extrinsic motivation
  32. The genetically influenced weight range for an individual; it is maintained by biological mechanisms that regulate food intake, fat reserves and metabolism
    set point
  33. This hormone makes you hungry and eager to eat more
    ghrelin
  34. This hormone turns off your appetite after a meal and makes you eat less
    Leptin
  35. An eating disorder characterized by episodes of excessive eating (bingeing) followed by forced vomiting or use of laxatives (purging)
    Bulimia Nervosa
  36. An eating disorder characterized by fear of being fat, a distorted body image, radically reduced consumption of food, and emaciation
    Anorexia Nervosa
  37. Sets of implicit rules that specify proper sexual behavior for a person in a given situation, varying with the person's gender, age, sexual orientation, religion, social status, and peer group
    Sexual scripts
  38. Goals framed in terms of desired outcomes or experiences such as learning to scuba dive
    Approach goals
  39. Goals framed in terms of avoiding unpleasant experiences, such as trying not to look foolish in public
    Avoidance goals
  40. Goals framed in terms of performing well in front of others, being judged favorable, and avoiding criticism
    Performance goals
  41. Goals framed in terms of increasing one's competence and skills
    Mastery (learning) goals
  42. An expectation that comes true because of the tendency of the person holding it to act in ways that bring it about
    Self-fulfulling prophecy
  43. A person's belief that he or she is capable of producing desired results, such as mastering new skills and reaching goals
    Self-efficacy

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