Ch. 11 Psych

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Sari95
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289073
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Ch. 11 Psych
Updated:
2014-11-13 05:00:19
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psych
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Emotion
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  1. Emotion
    Feeling, or affect, that can involve physiological arousal, conscious experience, & behavioral expression
  2. James-Lange Theory
    emotional feelings follow bodily arousal and come from awareness of that arousal.
  3. Summary of James-Lange Theory
    • -A stimulus
    • -A perception
    • -A message to the body
    • -The body responds
    • -A message to the brain
    • -Person is aware of the bodily changes

    Emotion is the awareness of the bodily changes
  4. Cannon-Bard Theory
    activity in the thalamus causes emotional feelings and bodily arousal to occur simultaneously
  5. Summary of Cannon-Bard Theory
    • -A stimulus
    • -A perception
    • -A message to an emotion center in brain
    • -Person experiences emotion

    Bodily responses are less important.
  6. Schachter's Cognitive Theory
    emotions occur when physical arousal is labeled or interpreted on the basis of experience and situational cues.
  7. Summary of Schachter's Cognitive Theory
    • -A stimulus
    • -A perception
    • -A message to an emotion center in brain
    • -Person experiences emotion, but...
    • -Also a message to the body
    • -The body responds
    • -A message to the brain

    Brain interprets bodily sensations and gives it a label
  8. Emotional Appraisal
    evaluating the personal meaning of a stimulus or situation
  9. Facial Feedback Hypothesis
    sensations from facial expressions held define what emotion a person feels
  10. Contemporary Model of Emotion
    Appraisal gives rise to arousal,behavioral, facial/postural expressions, & emotional feelings. Arousal, behavior, & expressions add to emotional feelings. Emotional feelings influence appraisal, which further affects arousal, behavior, expressions, & feelings.
  11. Stress
    • The mental & physical condition that occurs when a person must adjust or adapt to the environment.
    • A nonspecific response to real or imagined demands
  12. Stressor
    a specific condition or event in the environment that challenges or threatens a person
  13. Pressure
    a negative emotion that results from others' real or imagined expectations for success or for specific results.
  14. Frustration
    a negative emotional state that occurs when one is prevented from reaching a goal
  15. Conflict
    a stressful condition that occurs when a person must choose between incompatible or contradictory alternatives.
  16. Pressure
    a stressful condition that occurs when a person must meet urgent external demands or expectations (other peoples real or imagined expectations)
  17. Frustration
    the negative emotion that results when a goal is blocked
  18. Types of Frustration
    • External Frustration
    • Personal Frustration
  19. Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis
    • Frustration of goal-directed behavior leads to aggression.
    • Aggression: a response or behavior made with the intent of causing harm
  20. Conflict
    A stressful condition that occurs when a person must choose between incompatible or contradictory alternatives. (making difficult decisions about 2 or more competing motives, behaviors, or impulses)
  21. Types of Conflict
    • Interpersonal Conflict
    • Intrapersonal Conflict
  22. Approach-Approoach
    choosing between two positive or desirable alternatives.
  23. Avoidance-Avoidance
    choosing between two negative, or undesirable alternatives
  24. Approach-Avoidance
    being attracted to and repelled by the same goal or activity
  25. Double Approach-Avoidance
    being simultaneously attracted to and repelled by each of two alternatives
  26. Multiple Approach-Avoidance
    being simultaneously attracted to and repelled by each of several alternatives

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