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  1. Define health (WHO)
    Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not just the mere absence of disease or infirmity
  2. the science and art of diagnosing, treating and preventing disease and injury
  3. The average man born in 1900 had a life expectancy of ___
    47.3 years
  4. by the end of the 20th century life expectancy incresed to ___
    76 years
  5. Medicine is a ___
  6. is one of the largest industries in the world, and among the leading employers in most communities
    Health care
  7. ___ people work in health care abroad including about ___ physicians, ___ registered nurses, and ___ dentists
    • 11.6 million
    • 778,000
    • 2.1 million
    • 160,000
  8. Marked by a mystical approach to healing, as well as a more emperical or rational approach that was based  on experience and observation
  9. Physicians emerged around ___
    2600 BC
  10. renowned for his studies of pathology and physiology as well as expertise as a pyramid builder and astrologer
  11. it is from acacia nut and used in treating burns
    tannic acid
  12. Medicine in Assyria and Babylonia was influenced by ___
    demonology and magical practices
  13. A man's ___ is considered the sea of the soul
  14. they present an extensive series of medical case histories
    cuneiform tablets
  15. these are given to reduce inflammation in the mesopotamia
    emollient enemas
  16. they are performed to release gastric pains
  17. The chief among the numerous healing gods with water as element
  18. serpent venerated as medical diety
  19. In Palestine, ___ was considered evidence of the wrath of God
  20. He is considered the father of sanitation and hygienic practices
  21. it includes precise instructions on such varied subjects as feminine hygiene, segregation of the sick, and cleaning of materials capable of harboring and transmitting diseases
    Book of Leviticus
  22. it is the surgical removal of the foreskin on the male's penis
  23. the practices of Hindu or Vedantic medicine are described in the works of two these two physicians
    • Charaka
    • Susruta
  24. Gave recognizable descriptions of malaria, tuberculosis and diabetes
  25. Indian hemp or ___
  26. indian plant which became the source of the first modern tranquilizer
    Rauwofia serpentina
  27. they are acknowledged to have attained the highest skill in all antiquity
  28. It results from imbalances in two life forces, Yin and Yand
  29. it is presently recognized as an alternative medicine particularly for pain management
  30. It is a textbook containing Chinese medicines written by ___
    • Nel Ching
    • Emperor Huang Ti
  31. Earliest Greek medicine depended on ___ and ___
    • magic
    • spells
  32. he considered Apollo the god of healing
  33. the god of healing
  34. identified the brain as the physiological seat of the senses
  35. elaborated the concept that disease is primarily an expression of disturbance in the perfect harmony of the four elements
  36. father of medicine, the greatest physician in antiquity
  37. He convinced physician that disease had identifiable causes and was not due to supernatural
  38. He is known as the founder of comparative anatomy
  39. He contributed greatly to the development of medicine by dissection of numerous animals
  40. Alexandrian anatomist, performed the first recorded public dissection
  41. the elevated professional standards by performing physicians licensure exams
  42. introduce numerous therapeutic chemical substances and excelled in the fields of opthalmology and public hygiene
  43. He was the first to identify small pox and measles
  44. He was the first one to suggest blood as the cause of infectious diseases
  45. first to describe scabies
  46. Wrote extensively on diet, hygiene and toxicology
  47. He wrote commentaries in the writing of Hippocrates
  48. He was the first one to determine te pathway of blood
  49. taught that the body was comprised of disconnected partcles or atoms, separated by pores and that disease was caused by restriction of the orderly motion of the atoms or by blocking of the pores
  50. described the four classic symptoms of inflammation
    Galen of Pergamum
  51. Roman engineers build ___ to carry pure water to residents of Rome, a ___ to dispose huan wastes and ___
    • aqueducts
    • sewage system
    • public baths
  52. time period when medical licensure examination was endorsed and strict measures were instituted for the control of public hygiene
    13th century
  53. he made research in optics and refraction
    Roger bacon
  54. he was the first scholar to suggest that medicine should rely on remedies provided by chemistry
    Roger Bacon
  55. he dissected corpses to portray muscles and other structures more accurately
    Leonardo da Vinci
  56. Belgian anatomist who demonstrated hundreds of anatomical errors introduce by Galen
    Andrea Vesallius
  57. discovered the uterine tubes and diagnosed ear disease with an ear speculum
    Gabriel Fallioplus
  58. recognized that infectious diseases are spread b invisible seeds that can reproduce themselves
    Girolamo Fracastoro
  59. He is the founder of modern epidemiology
    Girolamo Fracastoro
  60. Discovery of how the blood circulates in the body which marked the beginning of a new epoch in medical science
    17th cenury
  61. he wrote an essay on The Motion of the Heart and the Blood in 1628
    William Harvey
  62. he discovered capillaries
    Marcelo Malpighi
  63. investigated the anatomy of the brain and nervous system and was the first to describe diabetes milletus
    Thomas willis
  64. advanced the knowledge on the anatomy of the liver, described rickets, was also the first to prove that muscles contract when activity is performes
    Francis Glisson
  65. he studied the anatomy of the heart and performed one of the first blood transfucions
    Richard Lower
  66. investigated the anatomy of the eye and the mechanism of vision and maintained that the body functioned as a machine
    Rene Descartes
  67. studied the chemistry of digestion and emphasized the treatment of disease by drugs
    Franciscus Sylvius
  68. he carried out extensive studies on malaria and introduced the treatment quinine
    Thomas Syndenham
  69. invention of microscope used to identify organisms called bacteria
    Anton van Leeuwenhook
  70. He believed that the soul is the vital principle that controls organic development
    George Ernst Stahl
  71. he considered the body as a machine and life a mechanical process
    Freidrich Hoffman
  72. introduced Brunonian system
    John Brown
  73. Stimulation should be increased by treatment with irritants and large doses of drugs
    Brunonian system
  74. introduced Homeopathy
    Samuel Hahnemann
  75. emphasized on small dosage of drugs to cure disease
  76. believed that examination of the skull would reveal information about mental functions
    Phrenology by Franz Joseph Gall
  77. existence of magnetic force having a powerful influence on the human body
    Theory of Animal Magnetism by Franz Mesmer
  78. advances in obstetrics that established the field as a separate branch of medicine
    William Smele and William Hunter
  79. introduced vaccination to prevent small pox thereby establishing science of immunization
    Edward Jenner
  80. invented the stethoscope
    Rene-Theophile-Hyacinth Laennec
  81. Addison's disease
    Thomas Addison
  82. Hodgkin's disease
    Thomas Hodgkin
  83. Parkinson's disease
    James Parkinson
  84. Graves disease
    Robert James Graves
  85. pioneered development of pathology
    Rudold Virchow
  86. performed important research on pancreas, liver and nervous system
    Claude Bernard
  87. germ theory of disease and developed a way to prevent rabies using vaccine
    Louise Pasteur
  88. germ theory of disease
    Robert Koch
  89. immunization against diphtheria and tetanus
    Emil von Behring and Paul Ehlrich
  90. aseptic surgery with the introduction of carbolic acid thereby reducing mortality from wound infections
    Joseph Lister
  91. anaesthetic effects of ether
    Crawford Long
  92. used ether in tooth extraction
    William Morton
  93. discovered x-ray
    Wilhelm Roentgend
  94. discovered ultraviolet ray lamp
    Niel Ryberg Finsen
  95. discovered radium to treat cancer
    Marie and Pierre Curie
  96. discovered the role of mosquito in malaria
    Ronald Ross
  97. discovered the arsphenamine could treat syphilis. He opened the era of chemotheraphy
    Paul Ehrlich
  98. effective in treating streptococcal infection "wonder drug"
  99. discovered Streptomycin (TB's 1st antibiotic)
    Selman Waksman
  100. inroduced vitamin
    Casimir Funk
  101. identified the helix structure of DNA
    Francis Ctick James Watson
  102. 1st to sythesize a gene
    Har Gobind Khorana
  103. He is the father of genetic engineering
    Har Gobind Khorana
  104. penicillin
    Alexander Fleming
  105. first polio vaccine
    Jonas Salk
  106. developed oral polio vaccine safer than Salk's
    Albert Sabin
Card Set:
2014-11-15 00:45:13
Health Care Medicine
Health Care
Quiz #1
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