Clin Path 1 Test review

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Author:
jill.hinton
ID:
289214
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Clin Path 1 Test review
Updated:
2014-11-14 20:12:00
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clin path clinical pathology
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Test 1 review
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  1. Blood is made up of a ____ portion and ______ portion
    fluid and cellular
  2. The cellular portion is ____% _____ and ____% ______
    • 99% rbc
    • 1% wbc/platelets
  3. How to properly read a PCV (aka_______)
    PCV of 35 means:
    • hematocrit
    • 35% rbc 65% fluid
  4. The production of rbc is ________ involving the hormone _______ which is produced in the ______.
    erythropoesis, erythropoeitin, kidney
  5. PCV reading
    a. Anemia:
    b. Shock:
    c. Dehydration:
    d. Trauma:
    • a. low
    • b. elevated
    • c. elevated
    • d. starts out low then is elevated as shock sets in
  6. Normal values in the blood for the following
    a. sodium:
    b. magnesium:
    c. potassium:
    d. chloride:
    e. phosphate:
    f. calcium:
    • a. 145 mEq/L
    • b. 4 mEq/L
    • c. 4 mEq/L
    • d. 110 - 115 mEq/L
    • e. 4 mEq/L
    • f. 4 mEq/L
  7. ________ is fluid portion of the blood when circulating in the animals and it contains clotting factors

    ________ is fluid portion of the blood outside of circulation and without clotting factors
    plasma

    serum
  8. Describe polychromasia
    The difference in the color of rbc
  9. Describe anisocytosis
    Difference in size of the rbc
  10. Describe poikilocytosis
    the difference in the shapes of rbc
  11. Building blocks needed for erythropoeisis
    1.
    2.
    3.
    4.
    5.
    • 1. erythropoeitin
    • 2. good quality protein containing all the amino acids
    • 3. B complex vitamins
    • 4. Iron (copper and cobalt)
    • 5. water
  12. Primary function of rbc
    To carry hemoglobin, and hemoglobin transports the oxygen.
  13. Describe job of erythrocytes
    To carry oxygen to every cell for cellular respiration
  14. When do we give a blood transfusion to a dog?
    PCV of 12 or less
  15. ______ anemia happens quickly, within 72 hours

    ______ anemia occurs over a long period of time, 72 hours or longer
    acute

    chronic
  16. Clinical signs of ________ anemia

    > pale MM
    > ascites
    > heart murmur
    chronic
  17. Clinical signs of _____ anemia

    > icterus
    > hemoglobin urea
    > increased temperature
    acute
  18. What can be seen with a regenerative anemia?
    • > low PCV
    • > reticulocytes
    • > anisocytosis
    • > polychromasia
  19. How can sweet clover cattle poisoning cause an anemia?
    • > sweet clover must be damaged
    • > cumarin is realeased - a strong anticoagulant
    • > cattle bleed from every orifice
  20. What is dicumarol?
    • dicumarol is present in sweet clover
    • also found in rat poison (warfarin)
  21. Describe EIA (equine infectious anemia)
    • > virus
    • > no cure
    • > no vaccine
    • > easily spread by one drop of blood
    • > can be spread by biting flies, mosquitoes, iatrogenically induced
  22. Test used to diagnose EIA?
    If positive, _____ is recommended.
    • Coggins test
    • Euthanasia

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