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Blood is made up of a ____ portion and ______ portion
fluid and cellular
The cellular portion is ____% _____ and ____% ______
How to properly read a PCV (aka_______)
PCV of 35 means:
- 35% rbc 65% fluid
The production of rbc is ________ involving the hormone _______ which is produced in the ______.
erythropoesis, erythropoeitin, kidney
- a. low
- b. elevated
- c. elevated
- d. starts out low then is elevated as shock sets in
Normal values in the blood for the following
- a. 145 mEq/L
- b. 4 mEq/L
- c. 4 mEq/L
- d. 110 - 115 mEq/L
- e. 4 mEq/L
- f. 4 mEq/L
________ is fluid portion of the blood when circulating in the animals and it contains clotting factors
________ is fluid portion of the blood outside of circulation and without clotting factors
The difference in the color of rbc
Difference in size of the rbc
the difference in the shapes of rbc
Building blocks needed for erythropoeisis
- 1. erythropoeitin
- 2. good quality protein containing all the amino acids
- 3. B complex vitamins
- 4. Iron (copper and cobalt)
- 5. water
Primary function of rbc
To carry hemoglobin, and hemoglobin transports the oxygen.
Describe job of erythrocytes
To carry oxygen to every cell for cellular respiration
When do we give a blood transfusion to a dog?
PCV of 12 or less
______ anemia happens quickly, within 72 hours
______ anemia occurs over a long period of time, 72 hours or longer
Clinical signs of ________ anemia
> pale MM
> heart murmur
Clinical signs of _____ anemia
> hemoglobin urea
> increased temperature
What can be seen with a regenerative anemia?
- > low PCV
- > reticulocytes
- > anisocytosis
- > polychromasia
How can sweet clover cattle poisoning cause an anemia?
- > sweet clover must be damaged
- > cumarin is realeased - a strong anticoagulant
- > cattle bleed from every orifice
What is dicumarol?
- dicumarol is present in sweet clover
- also found in rat poison (warfarin)
Describe EIA (equine infectious anemia)
- > virus
- > no cure
- > no vaccine
- > easily spread by one drop of blood
- > can be spread by biting flies, mosquitoes, iatrogenically induced
Test used to diagnose EIA?
If positive, _____ is recommended.