Alterations in Pulmonary Function

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
289319
Filename:
Alterations in Pulmonary Function
Updated:
2014-11-15 22:59:02
Tags:
Pulmonary Function
Folders:
Pathophysiology
Description:
Pulmonary Function
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  1. What is the clinical manifestation of mesothelioma?
    Dyspnea and chest pain
  2. How long does it take for mesothelioma to develop?
    20-40 years for cancer to appear
  3. What is the treatment for mesothelioma?
    pleuropneumonectomy, radiation, and hyperthermia
  4. What is the most common cause and association of mesothelioma?
    Asbestos
  5. What percentage of lung cancer is NON-small cell lung cancer?
    75-85%
  6. Where is squamous cell carcinoma (lung cancer) typically located?
    centrally near the hilus and projects into the bronchi.
  7. Which type of lung cancer arises from the glands in the peripheral regions of the parenchyma?
    Adenocarcinoma.
  8. True or False. Large Cell carcinoma (ubdifferentiatd), is NOT peripheral or central.
    • FALSE.
    • can be peripheral or central
  9. Which group of lung cancer is the number 1 cancer killer in the US?
    Bronchiogenic carcinoma
  10. This group of lung cancers arise from the epithelium of the respiratory tract and excludes other pulmonary tumrs (sarcomas, lymphomas, blastomas, hematomas, mesotheliomas)
    Bronchiogenic carcinomas
  11. What is the survival rate of Bronchiogenic carcinoma?
    Overall 5 year survival 20%
  12. What is the most common cause of lung cancer?
    cigarette smoking
  13. What percentage of active smokers develop lung cancer?
    10-15%
  14. What part(s) of the body are susceptible to cancers related to smoking?
    Larynx, oral cavity, esophagus, and urinary bladder
  15. What are some environmental risks that could cause cancer?
    benzopyrene, radon, metals (uranium, radiation, nuclear weapons), arsenic, asbestos, diesel exhaust, mustard gas, nickel, silica, coal, iron.
  16. What form of cancer is between 2 and 3% of all cancers in the United States?
    Laryngeal Cancer
  17. What are the risk factors for laryngeal cancer?
    tobacco, increased smoking and alcohol consumption, GERD, HPV

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