4.2.2

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Author:
efrain12
ID:
289327
Filename:
4.2.2
Updated:
2014-11-16 01:49:46
Tags:
Social Psychology
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Description:
Aggression II
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  1. Social learning theory) aggressive behavior is learned by (2)
    • -direct rewards
    • *father buys son ice cream after he wins a fight

    • -observation of others
    • *TV character wins girl of dream as a result of killing several people
  2. Video games) correlation between violent video games and aggressive behavior?
    • There is a moderate correlation
    • (Aronson & dill)
  3. Meta-analysis of studies of video games and aggression link) playing violent video games resulted in...
    • -increased aggression
    • *short and long term

    -aggressive thoughts

    -anger

    -decrease helping

    -decrease in empathy

    -increased arousal


    ***same effects for women, male, easterners, westeners
  4. Effects of violent pornography, demeaning sexual ads, and musc
    -similar to the effects of violent video games
  5. Reducing aggressive behavior) Freudian perspective: 2 concepts
    -catharsis

    -sublimation
  6. Reducing aggressive behavior) Freudian perspective: catharsis
    • Generally does not work
    • *supposed to be if you let aggression out every now and then , its supposed to curb aggression
  7. Reducing aggressive behavior) Freudian perspective: sublimation
    -channeling frustration in acceptable ways

    **dispositionally aggressive people may be less likely to exhibit inappropriate aggression if they are football players than office workers
  8. Reducing aggressive behavior) Freudian perspective: does evidence support sublimation?
    Does not support or refute it
  9. Reducing aggressive behavior) biological perspective: approaches (3)
    -perform surgery on amygdala

    -reduce testosterone

    -increase serotonin
  10. Reducing aggressive behavior) biological perspective: do these approaches work?
    -not see as ethical and they have number of side effects
  11. Reducing aggressive behavior) social learning perspective: (3)
    -punishment is tricky

    -provide better role models

    -teach people to apologize
  12. Reducing aggressive behavior) social learning perspective: why is punishment tricky? (2)
    -children who are frequently punished become more aggressive themselves

    -fear of punishment can lead to counter aggression
  13. Reducing aggressive behavior) social learning perspective: what does dissonance theory suggest for punishment?
    • Suggests using mild threats to encourage compliance
    • *feel dissonance if they do not obey
  14. Reducing aggressive behavior) social learning perspective: what does deterrence theory suggest for punishment?
    Sever, certain, and sift punishment
  15. Reducing aggressive behavior) self affirmation
    Reduce dissonance by reminding oneself of one or more positive attributes

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