Living Things Part II

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Author:
Mrs.Cassidy
ID:
289347
Filename:
Living Things Part II
Updated:
2014-11-17 10:49:37
Tags:
Living Things
Folders:
Roots of Life
Description:
Living Things chapter 1.1-1.4 quiz
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  1. An _____________ is a living thing.
    organism
  2. _______are small building blocks that organisms are made of.
    Cells
  3. What do scientists call the dense area in a cell that contains nucleic acids, or the chemical instructions that direct a cell's activities?
    nucleus
  4. A group of similar organisms that can mate and produce fertile offspring in nature is called a _____________.
    species
  5. Scientists call the first part of an organism's name the ____________.
    Genus
  6. The second part of an organism's scientific name is called the __________.
    species
  7. What do scientists call the organisms that use the sun's energy to make their own food?
    autotrophs (auto means "self")
  8. What is the most abundant chemical in cells?
    water
  9. The cells of a _______________ lack a nucleus.
    prokaryote (Pro sounds like NO)
  10. Organism's with cells that contain a nucleus are called _________________.
    eukaryotes (eu sounds like DO)
  11. An action or change in an organism's behavior or environment that occurs as a result of a stimulus is called a _____________.
    response
  12. A change in an organism's surroundings that causes an organism to react is called a ________________.
    stimulus
  13. What is the main energy source for cells?
    carbohydrates
  14. ______________is the process of change that occurs during an organism's life to produce a more complex organism.
    development
  15. _______is the process of getting larger.
    Growth
  16. An organism's ability to maintain stable internal conditions is called __________________. 
    (Hint: maintain means to keep the same)
    homeostasis
  17. Organisms that cannot make their own food are called___________________.
    heterotrophs
  18. A Swedish scientist, Carolus Linnaeus, devised a two-part naming system for organisms called__________________.
    binomial nomenclature
  19. An organism can successfully reproduce at which level?
    species
  20. What are the six characteristics that all living things share?

    (Hint: John McNeil's silly cell phone story)
    • 1.cellular organization
    • 2.contain similar chemicals
    • 3.use energy
    • 4.respond to their surroundings
    • 5.grow and develop
    • 6.reproduce
  21. What are the four things that all organisms need to stay alive?
    • 1.energy (same as food)
    • 2.water
    • 3.living space
    • 4.stable internal conditions
    •   (energy water looks so scrumptious)
  22. What are the seven levels of classification after the DOMAIN level
    • (After Domain level)
    • Kingdom
    • Phylum
    • Class
    • Order
    • Family
    • Genus
    • Species

    • HINT:
    • Dear
    • King Philip came over for ginger snaps.
  23. _____________________designed a controlled experiment to show that flies do not arise from decaying meat.
    Francesco Redi
  24. The scientific study of placing organism's into groups based on shared characteristics is ________________.
    taxonomy
  25. The idea that life could spring from nonliving matter is called_____________.
    spontaneous generation
  26. Scientists call the process by which organisms gradually change over a long period of time is called ______________.
    evolution
  27. An organism made up of many cells is called  _____________________.
    multicellular
  28. An organism that is made up of a single cell is called __________________.
    unicellular
  29. Your first teeth falling out and being replaced by permanent teeth and male facial hair growth are both examples of __________________. 
    development
  30. When an organism eats vegetables and salad they are acting like a/an________.
     
    (select one)

    a. an autotroph
    b. a heterotroph
    c. a stimulus
    b. heterotroph
  31. Who was the scientist who demonstrated that new bacteria appeared in broth only when they were produced by existing bacteria? (Life comes from life)
    Louis Pasteur
  32. (1)What is the difference between autotrophs and heterotrophs
    (2)Give an example of each.
    Autotrophs are self feeders.  Using the sun's energy they make their own food.  Plants are autotrophs.

    Heterotrophs cannot make their own food.  They rely on the energy they consume from autotrophs and heterotrophs.  All animals are examples of heterotrophs because they eat plants and animals to get the energy they need to survive.
  33. What are the 3 domains of life called?

    (Remember: The domains were added because of the advancement of technology.  Modern technology has allowed scientists to see many more differences among cells so added the domains)
    • 1. bacteria
    • 2. archaea
    • 3. eukarya
  34. What are the 4 kingdoms in the Eukarya domain?
    • 1.protists
    • 2.fungi
    • 3.plants
    • 4.animals
  35. What kingdom is bread mold found in?
    fungi
  36. What are the 3 conditions that scientists believe are best for mold to grow?
    • 1.moisture
    • 2.darkness
    • 3.warmth
  37. What is the difference between a prokaryote and a eukaryote?
    • (Pro sounds like NO/Eu sounds like DO)
    • Prokaryotes lack a nucleus (Do not have)
    • Eukaryotes contain a nucleus (have)
  38. An organism's scientific name consists of two parts. The first and second parts are the __________ and __________.
    Genus and species

    • (First name, or genus, is always capitalized/the second name, or species, is not capitalized
    •          Example: Felis domesticus

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