MedTerm Chap 13.txt

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MedTerm Chap 13.txt
2014-11-16 14:21:25

urinary system
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  1. hilum
    narrow part of kidney where blood vessels and nerves enter
  2. perirenal fat
    fatty tissue surrounding renal capsule
  3. renal fascia
    protective outer covering of kidney
  4. retroperitoneal
    space between parietal peritoneum and muscles and bones of peritoneum
  5. sphincters
    circular muscle that surrounds a tube
  6. void
    to urinate
  7. albuminuria
    presenceof protein in urine
  8. anuria
    absence of urine formation
  9. calculus
    a kidney stone
  10. cystalgia
    pain in a bladder, used to signify urinary bladder
  11. cystitis
    inflammation of bladder
  12. cystocele
    hernia of bladder
  13. cystolith
    bladder stone
  14. dysuria
    difficult or painful urination
  15. enuresis
  16. glomerulonephritis
    renal disease from inflammation of glomeruli
  17. glycosuria
    urniary excretion of carbohydrates
  18. hematuria
    urinary excretion of blood
  19. incontinence
    inability to control urine
  20. nephralgia
    pain in kidneys
  21. nephritis
    inflammation of kidney
  22. nephrolithiasis
    presence of renal calculi
  23. nephromegaly
    enlargement of one or both kidneys
  24. nephropathy
    any disease of kidney
  25. nephroptosis
    prolapse of kidney
  26. nocturia
    excessive urination at night
  27. oliguria
    diminished urine production
  28. polyuria
    excessive urine production
  29. pyelonephritis
    inflammation of renal or kidney pelvis due to local bacteria infection
  30. pyuria
    pus in urine
  31. renal calculus
    kidney stone
  32. renal hypoplasia
    underdeveloped kidney
  33. uremia
    excess of urea in blood
  34. ureteritis
    inflammation of a ureter
  35. urethralgia
    pain in urethra
  36. urethritis
    inflammation of urethra
  37. urology
    specialty dealing with urinary system
  38. cystectomy
    excision of urinary bladder
  39. cystopexy
    surgical fixation of urinary bladder
  40. hemodialysis
    removal of unwanted substances from blood by passage through semipermeable membrane
  41. lithotripsy
    treatment in which a stone in the kidney, urethra, bladder is broken up into small particles
  42. nephrectomy
    removal of a kidney
  43. nephrolithotomy
    incision into kidney to remove a calculus
  44. ureteroplasty
    surgical repair of ureter
  45. ureterrrhaphy
    suture of a ureter
  46. urinalysis
    analysis of urine