progressive movement study guide 1
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Why did the progressive movement develop?
- Social and political problems that were a result of the growth of industry and cities in the late 19th century.·
- sweatshops, such as Triangle Shirtwaist Company
- child labor
- political machines
What idea did the progressive movement promote?
The idea that society’s problems could be solved by passing laws.
What were the three largest cities during this time?
- New York
Describe the living condition of many people during this time.
What problems did these living conditions lead to?
problems providing sanitation
problems providing water
problems providing housing
Where did many people live?
- Tenements (Buildings that are divided into small
for those who had little money.
Name three important things that progressive reformers promoted.
- establishment of city parks and beautification projects·
- safer housing and sanitation
- establishing settlement houses where immigrants were taught social skills
Progressives did not agree with labor unions’ actions, but what were they in favor of?
How did people find out about conditions in the factories?
By the increasingly popular newspapers and magazines, illustrated with photographs showing the unsafe working conditions.
How did reformers try to help children?
By supporting the restriction of child labor and laws requiring that children attend school.
Progressives were more successful at the federal level in addressing the problems
associated with Big Business.
What did Progressives work to try to end?
What did Ida Tarbell expose in her writing?
She wrote about the dangers of trusts such as Standard Oil, which controlled the oil industry. Rockefeller had created a monopoly. Trusts could hurt smaller businesses.
What did Upton Sinclair expose?
The lack of cleanliness in meat-packing plants of Chicago.
How did President Roosevelt try to protect the rights of consumers (people
- by pushing for the passage of:
- -the Meat Inspection Act and
- -the Pure Food and Drug Act and
- -he promoted the regulation of railroads
Explain how urbanization and industrialization led to progressive reforms.
- Urbanization is the movement of people from rural areas to cities.
- With industrialization, more people moved to the city for jobs.
- This created crowded living conditions and dangerous working conditions in some
What was done to expand cities?
- They started building up.
- Steel was affordable and was used to build skyscrapers.
How did Progressives try to help with social problems of the day?
They helped pass Blue Laws.
One Blue Law said people could not buy alcohol on Sundays.
What are political cartoons?
A drawing that shows people or events in the news in a way that makes you smile or laugh.
- The goal of political cartoons is to make you think about events.
- Political cartoons often have a point of view.
What would you like to do?
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