Biochemistry

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Author:
Ankoku-Bara
ID:
289424
Filename:
Biochemistry
Updated:
2014-11-16 23:57:08
Tags:
Biochemistry
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Description:
Biochemistry B11
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  1. Carbohydrates
    • Potatoes, Rice, Pasta, Bread = Starches 1st type.
    • Green beans, broccoli, fruit = 2nd type
  2. Respiration in Animals
    C6H12O6 + O2 -> H2O + CO2 + energy
  3. Photosynthesis in plants
    H2O + CO2 + energy (sun) -> C6H12O6 + O2
  4. Respiration <--> ?
    Photosynthesis
  5. Monosaccharides
    1 Sugar molecule (often glucose)
  6. Disaccharides
    2 Sugar molecules
  7. Polysaccharides
    Many sugar molecules linked into a large polymer.
  8. Chemical Reaction = Hydrolysis
    Add H2O + Acid (in lab) or Enzymes (in body molecules) -> split apart
  9. If ald -> ?
    Aldo. End with -ose
  10. If ket -> ?
    Keto. End with -ose
  11. 3C
    Tri
  12. 4C
    Tetr
  13. 5C
    Pent
  14. 6C
    Hex
  15. 7C
    Hept
  16. 8C
    Oct
  17. Important monosaccharides
    • Glucose - Forbody
    • Galactose - in brain
    • Fructose - in fruit
  18. Alpha - OH is off C 1 Pointed ?
    Down
  19. Beta - OH off C1 Pointed ?
    Up
  20. Ketone -> Aldehyde -> ?
    1 Alc
  21. Monounsaturated Fatty Acid
    1 Double bonde
  22. Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid
    Many double bonds

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