PT 132 Middle Adulthood

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annalyze
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289453
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PT 132 Middle Adulthood
Updated:
2014-11-17 09:15:53
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human
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Human Development
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  1. PHYSICAL CHANGES OF MIDDLE ADULTHOOD
    Physically, the middle-aged adult is in fairly good health

    2.  Changes in general appearance, beginning signs of physical aging  begin to emerge

    • 3.  Sensory development-
    •      - Vision: abrupt changes in vision which            may require corrective lenses
    •      - Hearing: Most of the loss is in the high           frequencies of sound  (Women hear               better at the higher frequencies than             men.)
    •         - Sexuality and the “change of life”                   During middle adulthood, sexual                     changes occur in both females and                 males (sa stage na to madalas  
    •           magkaroon ng kabit ang mga lalaki)
  2. Significant changes in taste
    after 50
  3. sensitivity to smell also declines
    age 40
  4. Sensitivity to pain increases
    about forty-five years of age and continues to increase beyond 60
  5. SOCIAL CHANGES: FAMILY
    • - Pressures involving the psychological and financial support of children who are now
    • adolescents and young adults.
    • - Guilt in some instances for not providing sufficiently to their own parents
    • - Re-evaluation of marriage
    • - Children leaving home to establish their own- “empty nest” (Post parental family)
    • retirement
    • - Re-develop the marital interests of the pre parental years
  6. Phenomenon when the middle-aged experiences heavy responsibilities of  having 
    younger and older generations in the family
    Middle  Generation Squeeze
  7. SOCIAL CHANGES: COMMUNITY
    • - Involvement in religious activities, indoor and outdoor recreation
    • - Informal activities  with family and friends
    • - Voluntary clubs and organizations (mahjong, tennis clubs etc.,)
  8. SOCIAL CHANGES: WORK/CAREER
    - Career development reaches its height during middle age.

    - Move into positions of leadership of prominence in their work (this is the time most of the children feel like they are being neglected by their “ambisyoso” parents)

    - Time of achievement

    - Time for re-evaluation
  9. COGNITIVE CHANGES
    - Mental skills remain stable

    - Sustained cognitive functioning includes the numerous cultural, community, and educational activities that middle-aged adults perform at a high level.
  10. DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS OF MIDDLE ADULTHOOD
    1. Address the demands of the phases of the family life-cycle that typically coincides with the years of the middle adulthood:

    • a) family with school-aged children
    • b) family with adolescents
    • c) family as launching center (children leaving     the family to establish their own)

    • 2. Excel in one’s career/work
    • 3. Making the art of friendship (adult friendship)

    • a) similarity of experience
    • b) reciprocity-supportive, dependable, accepting, trustworthy, and confidential
    • c) compatibility
    • d) structural: geographic closeness, duration, and convenience 
    • e) role models: respect and admiration

    • 4. Caring for aging parents
    • 5. Active Involvement/lead roles in community projects, civic and religious organizations
  11. ACTIVITIES (WHICH CAN HELP IN TREATMENT PLANNING)
    • 1. Social/recreational activities with family, friends, neighbors, co-workers  and community
    • 2. Seminars/workshops/training for career development
    • 3. Life-style related activities
    • 4. Self-directed learning activities
  12. ISSUES AND CONCERNS OF MIDDLE ADULTHOOD
    • A. Family issues concerning
    • school-aged children, adolescents, launching children and post parental
    • concerns (retirement)
    •       1. providing the best education to the children
    •       2. psychological and financial support of the children
    •       3. communication/generation gap becoming grandparents

    • B. Physical Appearance
    • C. Career/work vs. family
    • D. Sexual issues: menopause/semenopause
    • E. Giving time/support for aging parents
    • F. Limited options in life
    • G. Community issues
    • H. Achieving an integrated self
    • I. Successful aging: survival, health lack  of disability, satisfaction (happiness)
  13. EFFECTS OF ILLNESSES AND
    DISEASES IN MIDDLE ADULTHOOD
    • A. Insecurity in losing one’s job
    • B. Effects on his or her retirement privileges
    • C. Worries about family matters
    • D. Depression
    • E. Consider an alternative job

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