PT 132 LATE ADULTHOOD

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annalyze
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289454
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PT 132 LATE ADULTHOOD
Updated:
2014-11-17 09:31:56
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HUMAN
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HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
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  1. the age marked by retirement benefits
    65 years old
  2. STATUS OF LATE ADULTS IN SOCIETY
    IN TERMS OF SEX,
    More women than men reach this age group

    Approximately 3x more women than men

    They have an outlet to release their stress compared to most men who choose to keep it in

    • When faced with stress:
    • men-sleep;
    • women-talk it off
  3. STATUS OF LATE ADULTS IN SOCIETY
    IN TERMS OF MARITAL STATUS
    Ø Since more women live longer than men, more women are widows

    Ø It is considerably easier for men to remarry.
  4. STATUS OF LATE ADULTS IN SOCIETY
    IN TERMS OF HOUSING
    Ø Living with own family

    Ø Living alone or with a non relative

    Ø Living in an institution - More common in highly developed countries

    • Ø The choice on where to live is usually
    • neglected to be asked of the late adult
  5. ORGANIZATION OF AN EXTERNAL WORLD
    • 1. The family
    •     Ø Role as grandparents

    • 2. The Community
    •     Ø Changing nature of friendship and participation in community
    • activities - Elderly are placed in a position
    • where they are least taken care of
    •     Ø Quality of housing for the elderly

    • 3. Work and Retirement
    •     Ø General decline in standard of living
    •     Ø Reduction in the number of roles played
    •     Ø Loss of contact with fellow workers
  6. ORGANIZATION OF AN INTERNAL WORLD
    • 1. Physical Changes
    •     Ø Changes due to aging and disease

    • 2. Intellectual Changes
    •     Ø Short term memory is lost through:
    •  oDisuse
    •  oInterference with a larger store of
    • information accumulated in life experiences
    •  oNeurochemical changes

    •    Ø Long term memory appears to be resistant to the effects of aging. Memory retained includes:
    •  oVoluntary skills
    •  oInformation from previous experiences
    •  oInformation from one’s personal history

    • 3. Personality Changes
    •     Ø “Aging successfully”
    •          oDepends on life experiences and
    •            personality type
    •     Ø High vs. low economic status
    •          oMore resources: tendency to put
    •            elderly in an institution
    •          oLess resources: elderly are more
    •            taken care of
  7. PERSONALITY PATTERNS OF LATE ADULTS ACCORDING TO _____,_____,_____
    REICHARD, LIVSON, AND PETERSON
  8. PERSONALITY PATTERNS OF LATE ADULTS ACCORDING TO REICHARD, LIVSON, AND PETERSON
    • “MATURE" TYPE
    •   - Enjoy life
    •   - Accept themselves
    • “ROCKING CHAIR” TYPE
    •   - Successful but less active
    •   - Content to be dependent on others
    • “ARMORED” MEN
    •   - Afraid of consequences of growing old
    •   - Happy by avoiding reality
    • “ANGRY” MEN
    •   - Could not reconcile themselves to growing old
    •   - Afraid of death
    • “SELF-HATERS”
    •   - Upset by aging and their particular situation
    •   - Tend to blame others
    •   - Look forward to death as an escape from misery
  9. CONCERNS AND ISSUES CONFRONTING LATE ADULTS
    • A. FAMILY
    •     Ø Resource for life change and support

    • B. COMMUNITY
    •     Ø Friends and neighbors

    • C. HOUSING
    •     Ø The choice where to live either alone, with the family, with a non relative, or in
    • an institution
    •  
    • D. HEALTH: ALL SYSTEMS DOWN
    • Ø Loss of teeth
    •     o Affects eating patterns
    • Ø Visual problems
    • Ø Hearing problems
    • Ø Bone and joint problems
    •     o Leading to mobility problems
    • Ø Heart, circulatory and respiratory problems
    • Ø Mental problems: senility
    • Ø Sensory processes
    • Ø All these may contribute to depression and loss of self respect

    E. RETIREMENT
  10. Marks the transition from middle age to late adulthood
    RETIREMENT
  11. RETIREMENT:
    Major considerations
    • 1. Level of income prior to retirement
    • 2. Standard of living during retirement
    • 3. Level of education
    • 4. Pre retirement planning –starts at Middle Adulthood
  12. The individual moves into a relatively new social position and status usually characterized by:
    • o Decline in standard of living
    • o Reduced in the number of roles played
  13. Factors related to positive adjustment in retirement
    • 1. A relatively high income prior to
    • retirement
    • 2. A relatively high standard of living during retirement
    • 3. Good health
    • 4. A relatively high education
    •     - A presence of a “second career”
    • during later years (ex: baking, writing)
    • 5.  Pre - retirement Planning
    •     - Not a priority of lower class, they would tend to depend on children for support
  14. Ways of coping for death and dying
    • o Life review: finding meaning
    • o May accept death as inevitable
    • o Prepare for the ultimate disengagement
  15. Process of dying according to Kubler- Ross
    • 1. Denial
    •     - Unready to accept that they are dying
    • 2. Anger
    •     - Why me?
    • 3. Bargaining
    •     - Hoping death will be postponed/delayed
    • 4. Depression
    •     - Reactive depression
    • 5. Acceptance
    •     - Preparatory depression

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