psychology for success test chapter 5

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psychology for success test chapter 5
2014-11-17 20:44:10
chapter 5
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  1. 1. Attitude
    a belief or opinion that predisposes you to act in a certain way.
  2. 2. Positive thinking
    – focusing on what is good about yourself, other people and the world around you.
  3. 3. Optimism
    – the tendency to expect the best possible outcome.
  4. 4. Negative thinking
    – focusing on the flaws and problems in yourself, other people, and the world around you.
  5. 5. Pessimism
    – the tendency to expect the worst possible outcome.
  6. 6. Judmentalism
    – the habit of condemning people or things because they are not the way you think they should be.
  7. 7. Complaint
    – The sharing of distress, discomfort, or worry with another person.
  8. 8. Worry
    – distress and anxiety caused by contemplating worst-case scenarios.
  9. 9. Depression
    – An illness characterized by profound feelings of sadness, hopelessness and helplessness.
  10. 10. Self-defeating attitude
    – A negative attitude about yourself that dooms you to failure.
  11. 11. Vicius cycle
    – A chain of events in which one negative event causes another negative event.
  12. 12. Cognitive distortion
    - A self-critical, illogical pattern of thought.
  13. 13. Overgeneralizing
    – drawing brad negative conclusions based on limited evidence.
  14. 14. Personalizing
    – assuming that everything has to do with you some how.
  15. 15. Catastrophizing
    – dramatically exaggerating the negative consequences of any minor event.
  16. 16. Irrational belief
    – a distorted, self-destructive idea or assumption that interferes with your thinking.
  17. 17. ADCDE method
    – an approach to coping with negative thoughts and feelings by disputing irrational beliefs.
  18. 18. Dispute
    – to confront irrational beliefs with the reality of the situation.
  19. 19. Affirmation
    – A positive self-statement that helps you think of yourself in a positive, caring, and accepting way.
  20. 20. Criticism
    – Any remark that contains a judgment, evaluation, or statement of fault.
  21. 21. Probing
    – Asking for specifics from a person who has given a general or vague criticism.
  22. 1. Why does having positive expectations of success help you attain it?
    Positive thinking gives you the drive to work hard to make good things happen, to attain success, you should actively expect success in all parts of your life.
  23. 2. What is the relationship between negative thinking and depression?
    The relationship between is that negative thinking damages our psychological health making us more vulnerable to disease opening a door to depression.
  24. 3. Name 3 healthy eating habits and three healthy exercise habits.
    • Healthy habits
    • a. Avoid caffeine
    • b. Don’t eat for emotional reasons.
    • c. Shop with a list.

    • Healthy exersice habits
    • a. Be physically active for at least 20 minutes each day.
    • b. Vary your activities so you don’t get bored.
    • c. Don’t overdo it. Take time to warm up, cool down, and stretch.
  25. 4. Give an example of a self-defeating attitude and the vicious cycle it creates.
    When you play sports and you are so worried about performance and can’t concentrate in the game and you can’t make a good performance.
  26. 5. Which cognitive distortion involves the false belief that you are not in control of your life?
    Helpless thinking is the irrational belief that your life is not under your control.
  27. 6. Explain how to dispute irrational beliefs.
    To dispute irrational beliefs you have to confront them with the facts, remain vigilant to the negatives thoughts, and try to separate your emotional reaction from the reality of the situation.