4.1

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Author:
efrain12
ID:
289515
Filename:
4.1
Updated:
2014-11-20 15:20:20
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Social Psychology
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Pro social behavior
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  1. What is pro social behavior?
    Any act performed with the goal of benefitingĀ another person
  2. What is altruism?
    • Desire to help another person even if it involves a cost to the helper
    • *helping, sharing, volunteering, saving lives
  3. Why, motives behind pro social behavior) evolutionary psychology: kin selection
    Behaviors that help a genetic relative are favored by natural selection
  4. Why, motives behind pro social behavior) evolutionary psychology: kin selection, Bernstein, Crandall & Kitayama results
    • -we are more likely to help genetic relatives in life/death situations compared to nonrelatives but no difference in non-threatening situations
    • *suggests that people are more likely to help in ways that ensure survival of their genes
  5. Why, motives behind pro social behavior) evolutionary psychology: reciprocity norm
    expectation that helping others will increase the likelihood that they will help us in the future
  6. Why, motives behind pro social behavior) what does the evolutionary theory suggest on reciprocity norm?
    Genetically based
  7. Why, motives behind pro social behavior) social exchange theory
    People in their relationships with others try to maximize the ratio of social rewards to social costs

    *get more than what you put in
  8. Why, motives behind pro social behavior) Empathy-altruism hypothesis
    When we feel empathy for someone, we wild attempt to help that person for purely altruistic reasons regardless of the rewards
  9. Why, motives behind pro social behavior) 3 summary reasons
    -helping is an instinctive behavior that promotes welfare to those genetically similar to us

    • -helping is in our self interest
    • *rewards over costs

    -under conditions of empathy and compassion for others selfless giving is prompted
  10. who, differences in who engages in pro social behavior) what is altruistic personality?
    Qualities that cause an individual to help in a variety of contexts
  11. who, differences in who engages in pro social behavior) why aren't people who are rated as altruistic more likely to help somebody
    ?
    The power of the situation
  12. who, differences in who engages in pro social behavior) gender differences: females
    Women are more likely to provide social support to friends and volunteer to help others
  13. who, differences in who engages in pro social behavior) gender differences: males
    Men are more likely to help in dramatic heroic acts
  14. who, differences in who engages in pro social behavior) what do gender differences in how they help reflect?
    • Gender roles
    • *males: heroic
    • Females: nurturing
  15. Who, differences in who engages in pro social behavior) cultural differences: In/Out groups (2)
    • -More likely to help in group
    • *empathy

    • -more likely to help out group
    • *rewards
  16. Who, differences in who engages in pro social behavior) cultural differences: Cultures that value helping
    Cultures that highly value being polite, friendly, pleasant, and helpful to others found that higher percentage of people helped out in incidents
  17. Who, differences in who engages in pro social behavior) religious differences: results of the study
    The more religious students who gave speeches about being a good Samaritan were still unlikely to help when in hurry
  18. Who, differences in who engages in pro social behavior) religious differences: more likely to help in situations where...
    It makes them look good to themselves or others
  19. Who, differences in who engages in pro social behavior) religious differences: Not more likely to help in...
    Private situations where no one will know
  20. Who, differences in who engages in pro social behavior) religious differences: do they feel more empathy?
    Do not feel more empathy toward others but will help more when it is in their best interest to do so
  21. Who, differences in who engages in pro social behavior) effect of mood results
    • Most of the people that found the dime helpedĀ  while the people that did not find one did not help much at all
    • *84% to 4%
    • **feel good do good
  22. Who, differences in who engages in pro social behavior) 3 reasons for the feel good do good effect
    1. good mood > looking on there bright side, optimistic > give others benefit of the doubt > help

    2. Prolongs our good mood and not helping kills the mood

    3. Good mood > pay more attention to ourselves > increases behavior that aligns with our values and ideals
  23. Who, differences in who engages in pro social behavior) effect of mood: feeling guilty (3)
    -good deeds cancel out bad deeds

    -engage in helping behavior to reduce guilt

    -donation pre/post confession
  24. Who, differences in who engages in pro social behavior) effect of mood: feeling sad
    • Sadness also lead to an increase in helping
    • *people are motivated to make them selves feel better
  25. When, situational determinants of pro social behaviors ) environment: urban overload hypothesis
    People living in cities are constantly exposed t stimulation so in order to avoid being overwhelmed by it they keep to themselves
  26. When, situational determinants of pro social behaviors ) residential mobility
    People are more likely to help others that have been in group/community longer than those that are constantly moving around
  27. Bystander effect
    Greater the number of bystanders who witness an emergency the less likely any one of them is to help the victim
  28. When, situational determinants of pro social behaviors ) what is pluralistic ignorance?
    • When people believe that others are interpreting a situation an certain away when in fact they are not
    • *rape happening, maybe they are a couple playing around
  29. Pluralistic ignorance results
    75% people alone reported the smoke filling in a room while 38% of people in groups of 3 reported the smoke
  30. When, situational determinants of pro social behaviors ) why do bystander effect occur?: diffusion of responsibility
    Each individual bystanders sense of responsibility to help decreases as the number of witnesses increases
  31. When, situational determinants of pro social behaviors ) nature of relationships: communal relationships (2)
    -primary concern is welfare of others

    -wants to satisfy needs of other
  32. When, situational determinants of pro social behaviors ) nature of relationship: exchange relationships
    Primary concern is equity
  33. When, situational determinants of pro social behaviors ) effect of media: summary on video games pro social and neutral
    When participants played lemmings, pro-social videogame, they were more likely to help out then people who played a neutral game like Tetris or violent game
  34. When, situational determinants of pro social behaviors ) effect of media: summary of song results
    When someone listens to a song that promotes certain lyrics they will be influenced by it such as love songs or pro social songs or violent songs

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