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What is a simile?
A simile is a figure of speech comparing two unlike things, often introduced with the word "like" or "as". It takes the form of:X is (not) like YX is (not) as YX is (not) similar to YExamples of simile:He fights like a lion.He swims as fast as a fish.He slithers like a snake."My dad was a mechanic by trade when he was in the Army, When he got the tools out, he was like a surgeon."
What is a metaphor?
- Unlike simile, metaphor (from the Greek language: meaning "transfer") is language that directly compares seemingly unrelated subjects. It is a figure of speech that compares two or more things not using like or as. In the simplest case, this takes the form:
- X - is - Y
- Examples of metaphor:All the world's a stage, And all the men and women merely players; They have their exits and their entrances;(William Shakespeare, As You Like It, 2/7)
What is oxymoron?
- An oxymoron is a figure of speech that combines incongruous or contradictory terms. The plural is oxymorons or oxymora.Examples:An oximoron can be made of an adjective and a noun:
- Dark light
- Deafening silence
- Living dead
- Open secret
- Virtual reality
- Oximorons can also be a combination of a noun and a verb.
- The silence whistles
- Hyperbole is the use of exaggeration as a rhetorical device or figure of speech. It may be used to evoke strong feelings or to create a strong impression, but is not meant to be taken literally. Hyperboles are exaggerations to create emphasis or effect.
- Examples of hyperbole include:
- The bag weighed a ton.
- I was so hungry; I could eat a horse!
- She's older than the hills.
- I could sleep for a year; I was so tired.
- He's filthy rich.
- He's got tons of money.
- I've told you a million times to help with the housework.
what is paradox?
- A figure of speech in which a statement appears to contradict itself. Adjective: paradoxical.
- A rich man is no richer than a beggar. ― Anonymous
- I'm nobody. ― Anonymous
- I'm a liar. How do you know if I'm telling the truth? ― Anonymous
- I can resist anything but temptation. ― Oscar Wilde
- Don't go near the water until you've learned to swim. ― Anonymous
what is prosopopoeia ?
is a figure of speech in which an imaginary or absent person is represented as speaking or acting
what is Irony
Irony is a figure of speech in which there is a contradiction of expectation between what is said what is really meant. It is characterized by an incongruity, a contrast, between reality and appearance. There are three types of irony: verbal, dramatic and situational.
His argument was as clear as mud.
The two identical twins were arguing. One of them told the other: "You're ugly"
Stream of consciousness (narrative mode)
In literary criticism, stream of consciousness is a narrative mode, or device, that seeks "to depict the multitudinous thoughts and feelings which pass through the mind. Another term for it is 'interior monologue'." The term was coined by William James in 1890 in his The Principles of Psychology, and in 1918 May Sinclair first applied the term stream of consciousness, in a literary context, when discussing Dorothy Richardson's novels.
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