Module II, Unit F
Card Set Information
Module II, Unit F
Safety of Patient in Home, Hospital
What is asphyxiation?
What are common causes?
Air not reaching lungs causing breathing to stop
Drowning in children
Choking on foreign objects inhaled into trachea
Gas, smoke posioning
Infants suffocating on a pillow
80% of fire deaths occur in the ______
80% of homicide victims between 10-24 years old are by ________
What are the different types of poisonings?
What is the most common?
Inhalation (Carbon monoxide)
Venom (Snakes, etc.)
Most common is thru ingestion
The most common age groups for deaths from poisoning are?
How are they differentiated?
50% are from children under age of 6
Cause is usually accidental
Majority are from teens
Cause is deliberate ingestion
What questions should you ask the patient / parent of patient that seeks treatment for poisoning?
What was ingested?
Time of ingestion
What treatments when tried at home
Any change in conditions since?
What is activated charcoal?
Used for positioning
Binds to toxin, preventing absorption
Causes severe constipation
Given in covered container (black color)
Add cherry concentrate to it (it tastes awful)
Give stool softener with it
What are the symptoms of lead poisoning?
Lead can be seen in long bones
Lead lines in gum line
Who is at high risk of lead poisoning?
Toddlers living in a home built before 1960s
Crawl around, putting fingers into mouth
Anyone renovating an old home
Lead deposits itself where in the body?
Blood, bone, soft tissue
What are the lead levels (normal & not) for humans?
Less than 10 mcg / dL (not harmful)
10-15 mcg / dL (requires frequent screening)
15-20 mcg / dL
Requires nutritional interventions & investigation
Anything (physical or chemical) used to limit a patient's movement
The acronym RACE is used for what?
What does it stand for?
Fire safety procedures
Rescue, Activate, Contain, Evacuate
What are the most common causes of a fire
in the home
in the hospital
In the Home
Faulty, not to code electrical work
In the Hospital
Combustion from anesthetic agents
Children / Elder Abuse vs Neglect
Another Name for it?
Which is more common?
Abuse is an Act of Comission
Neglect is an Act of Omission
Neglect is more common
What are examples of abuse & neglect in children & elderly
Physical or emotional mistreatment treatment
Highest occurrence is from birth to age 3
Abuse usually involves finances
Examples of Neglect (Both Age Groups)
Lack of assisting in care needs
Disease state resulting from presence of a pathogen
A disease producing micro organism
Any bacteria, virus, fungi that can cause infection
Reservoir (In terms of Infection)
Name some examples
A natural habitat of the organism (that causes infection)
Animals (mosquitoes, ticks)
Food (undercooked meat)
Inanimate Objects aka Fomites
Portal of Exit from Reservoir
Name some common examples
The point of escape for an organism from the reservoir
Organism needs to move away from original reservoir to spread
Breaks in Skin
Means of Transmission (In terns of Infection)
How the organism enters the body
Can be direct (Kissing, intercourse) or indirect (Fomites)
Vectors (In terms of Infection)
Name some examples
Carriers that transmit organism from one host to another
Mosquitoes, lice, ticks
A sex worker (STDs)
Portals of Entry (In terms of Infection)
Where organism enters a new host
Similar to exit route
A potential reservoir for an infectious agent
Microorganisms can only be accepted if it is able to overcome the host's resistences
Hospital patients are in a weakened state thus vulnerable
Medical vs Surgical
Break the chain of infection
Medical Asepsis aka Clean Technique
Reduces number of pathogens & its transfer
Surgical Asepsis aka Sterile Technique
Keep objects & area free from microorganisms
Who is at highest risk for infections?
Those in poor heath
Those with poor nutrition
The highly stressed
Patients with invasive medical devices (foley caths)
A hospital acquired infection is also called
Healthcare Associated Infection (HAI)
Blueish color of skin due to lack of oxygenation
Escape of blood into tissues from ruptured blood vessels
It looks like a bruise, but isn't one because it was not caused by trauma
Endogenous (Infection) vs Exogenous (Infection)
Infection from which the causative organism came from the person he/her self harbors
Infection from which the causative organism is acquired from outside the host
An infection that occurs as result of a treatment or diagnostic procedure
Protective procedure designed to prevent transmission of specific microorganisms
What is flora?
What is another name for it?
What are the different types?
Collective bacterial & other microorganisms that reside in a host
Normally inhabit various body sites
Are part of body's natural defense system
Life-long members of body's normal microbial community
Not found everywhere
Do not cause harm to host
Sometimes feed on cellular waste of host
Surface of skin
Just passing thru
Unable to remain in body for long time
Unable to compute with resident microbes
Are eliminated by body's immune system
Physical or chemical changes within body discourage its growth
Low urine output
Average urine output in 24 hours is
Life threatening complication of an infection
Chemicals released into bloodstream to fight infection trigger inflammatory responses throughout the body
This inflammation causes changes that damage organ systems