Introduction to Bioethics

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Mingming
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289616
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Introduction to Bioethics
Updated:
2014-11-19 08:18:54
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Introduction Bioethics Health Ethics
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Health Ethics
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Short Quiz #1
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  1. behavior or custom that is permanent
    “ethos”
  2. Latin word for morals
    “mos” or “moris”
  3. Basic human behaviors that are specific & inherent to human beings
    Ethics
  4. Natural to human which confers and develops goodness in them
    Ethics
  5. the rational inquiry into what constitutes human happiness in the light of human nature as reflected in human conduct empirically and emphatically observed.
    Ethics
  6. study of the end of man and of human acts insofar as they are related to that end.
    Ethics
  7. "ethics of life” or of life science
    BIOETHICS
  8. Application of the basic principles of ethics to the new possibilities opened by modern biology & biotechnology with regard to human life
    BIOETHICS
  9. Study of human actions of allied health professionals with regards to human life and towards the patient
    BIOETHICS
  10. personhood & virtues behavior
    Greek Philosophers
  11. “first do no harm”
    Hippocratic Oath
  12. Look upon the sick with empathy & respect
    Oath of Maimonides
  13. Accept teaching of elders with med skills
    Oath of Maimonides
  14. Work for the benefit of the mankind
    Oath of Maimonides
  15. 1st code of medical ethics adopted by group of professional physicians
    Percival’s Code 1794
  16. Duties & obligations of physician to pts & to the society & the field of medicine
    American Medical Association Code
  17. and abstain from whatever in deleterious & mischievous. I will give no deadly medicine to any one if asked, nor suggest any such counsel; & in like manner I will not give to woman a pessary to produce abortion
    Hippocratic Oath (400 BC) “DO NO HARM”
  18. Nazi Doctors’ horrific experimentation on death camp prisoners
    Nazi Experimentation 1940’s
  19. Recognizes the subject
    THE NUREMBERG CODE
  20. Research Ethics
    • Nazi Experiments. 1940s
    • Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment (1930 – 1970)
    • Jewish Chronic Disease Study (1963)
    • Willobrook Hepatitis Study (1963 – 1966) – New York
  21. 400 Syphilitic black men in Alabama
    Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment
  22. Denied of treatment even after penicillin was introduced in 1947
    Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment
  23. Tumor cells were injected into elderly patients w/o permission
    Jewish Chronic Disease Study
  24. Mentally disabled children were intentionally infected with hepatitis.
    Willobrook Hepatitis Study (1963 – 1966) – New York
  25. National Commission for the Protection of Human Subject of Biomedical & Behavioral Research
    NATIONAL RESEACH ACT 1974
  26. it is about the 3 fundamental principles of biomedical research ethics
    BELMONT REPORT 1979
  27. what are the 3 fundamental principles of biomedical research ethics
    • Respect for persons
    • Beneficence
    • Justice
  28. Importance of INFORMED CONSENT
    BELMONT REPORT 1979
  29. Artificial heart transplantation w/o proper ethical & regulatory overview
    Dr. Denton Cooley’s artificial heart
  30. non human to human
    Xenotransplantation
  31. based from value – laden, social worth
    “God Squad”
  32. New definition of Death is by
    Ad Hoc Committee at Harvard University 1968
  33. Contraceptive pill by
    Gregory Pinkus
  34. Which moral criteria must be applied in order to clarify the problems posed today in the field of biomedicine?
    Anthropological Vision

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