Card Set Information
the upper chambers of the heart are called teh
atria "means chamber"
the lower chambers of the heart are called the
ventricles "little belly"
the valve located between the left atrium and ventricle is the
The pace-maker is found in the right atria and is also called the
The blood vessel that carries blood containing oxygen and nutrients away from the heart to the body tissues (except the lungs) is the
The combining forms angi/o- and vaso- all mean
the combining forms that mean "vein" are:
ven/o- and phleb/o-
the combining forms that mean "chest" are:
steth/o-, pectero-, and thoroco-
The combining forms that mean "sound" are
ech/o- and sono-
the suffix -graph in the term cardio/graph means
instrument used to record
the diagnosis of angina pectoris literally means
vessel: "in" chest
the term that means separation or removal is
the diagnostic term that means abnormal state of a slow heart rate is
the diagnositc term Aortic Stenosis means
narrowing of the aorta
the diagnostic term Coronary Isch/emia actually means
deficient supply of blood to the crowning blood vessels of the heart
the diagnostic term that means hardening of the arteries is
the "literal" meaning" of the diagnostic term Cardio/myo/path/y is
the inability of the heart to pump enough blood through the body to supply the tissues and organs is called
congestive heart failure
the diagnostic term Ar/rhythmia means
any variation from a normal heart rhythm or contraction
the diagnostic term used to refer to a dilated or varicose (twisted) internal and/or external vein in the rectum is:
The diagnostic term for the ballooning of a weakened portion of an arterial wall is:
The diagnostic term that means rapid, quivering, non-coordinated contractions of the atria and/or ventricles is:
The diagnostic term for distended or tortuous veins usually found in the lower extremities is:
varicose veins "twisted appearance"
The diagnostic term Cardiac Arrest is defined as a(n):
sudden cessation of cardiac output and effective circulation
The diagnostic term for a type of cancer characterized by an abnormal increase in white blood cells is
The diagnostic term An/emia means:
decrease in normal RBC numbers, iron, or hemoglobin levels
The surgical term for the incision into a vein to remove blood, to give blood, or to give intravenous fluids is
THe surgical term Angi/o/rrhaphy means
suturing of a vessel or to repair a vessel
The surgical term Angioplasty means:
surgical repair of a blood vessel
The surgical term for a procedure in which a balloon is passed through a blood vessel to the area in which plaque is formed is
precutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
The surgical technique that brings a new blood supply to heart muscles by detouring around blocked athro/sclerotic coronary arteries is called a(n)
coronary artery bypass
The procedural phrase "complete blood count- CBC" is defined as
counting RBC, WBC, and Thrombocytes or Platelets
The procedural term for X-ray of the blood vessels after an injection of contrast medium dye is
The procedure for making a record of the structure and motion of the heart using sound waves is called
A procedural bone marrow bipsy is referred to as
The test that determines the time it takes for blood to form a clot is
The device or instrument that is used to measure arterial blood pressure ( pulse pressure) by hand is a
THe study that uses ultrasound to determine the velocity of the bflow of blood within a vessel is
Doppler Flow Studies
The medical term Cardiology means
the science and study of the heart
The medical term that means body temperature below normal, 98.6 F, is: (Note: hypo-, sub-, and infra all can refer to less, below, or under)
hypo/thermia "usually 79 to 90 degrees F."
The medical term that means removal of liquid from withdrawn blood is
plasma/apheresis "liquid blood/separation"
the term that means one who studies and treats diseases of the blood is
The medical term Hemo/stasis (hemo/stat) literally means
stoppage of bleeding or diminished blood flow "circulation"
the medical term which means to puncture a vein in order to remove blood, instill medication, or start an intravenous infusion is
the medical term for the hearing of sounds within the body through a stethoscope is
Application of an electric shock to the myocardium through the chest wall to restore normal cardiac rhythm is called:
de/fibrill/ation "process of quivering going away"
The medical term Sy/stole (together/contract) actually means
cardiac cycle phase where chambers contract raising blood pressure
The phase in the cardiac cycle in which chambers relax between contractions is called:
dia/stole "relaxation of heart muscle"
Tapping of a body surface with the fingers to determine the density of the body part beneath is:
The medical term for the phase in the cardiac cycle in which the ventricles contract is:
The suffixes that mean 'pain' are:
-dynia and -algia
Cardiomyopathy is referred to as having a problem with _____________.
the heart muscle pumping blood
The medical term Hyper/tension means:
blood pressure that is above normal - "140/90 mm/Hg or higher above atmospheric pressure"
An Em/bol/ism literally means:
state of a lump within
Poly/cyth/emia Vera (many/cells/blood: true) is the term for:
Erythrocytosis "RBC increases cause strokes, heart attacks, & clots"
A Pulmonary Infarction (lung: to stuff into) actually means:
lung blood flow blockage "ischemia is decreased flow"
The term _________________ refers to the lack of development of normal numbers of RBC's (Erythrocyte) in the blood.
A/plastic An/emia "bone marrow not producing cells"
A Macro/phage is referred to as a:
large eaters of foreign cells and materials
Hodgkin's Disease is a type of:
Athero/sclerosis is a type of:
Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP) or Mitral Valve Incompetence (MVI) (valve between chambers on left side of the heart) is usually seen in:
women or females
An Aortic Abdominal Aneurysm is the _____________ of the big blood vessel in the posterior belly that often ruptures and causes death by hem/orrhag/ing.
ballooning "a widening"
A Varico/cele is the __________ of the veins in the scrotum (male pouch).
twisting "feels like worms in sac"
The parasitic Protozoan Disease Trypano/som/iasis (carried by insects) is called Snail Fever, Chagas' Disease, Tsetse Fly Disease, America Fever or
Sleeping Sickness "African or American Sleeping Sickness"
Schisto/som/iasis in man is a type of a _____________ infestation.
Split Bodied Blood Fluke Worm
A Phlebo/tom/ist is a person who specializes in cutting or puncturing _____ to take blood samples.
67. Coronary Thrombosis is also known as:
Acute Myocardial Infarction or Myocardial Infarction
The most important longitudinal heart study in the world is being conducted in what American City since 1946:
Framingham, Massachuset "little hill - Iroquois Indian Term"
69. The leading Cardiac Risk Factors are:
smoking, obesity, lack of exercise, and hyper/cholesterol/emia
Tiny blood vessels in the back of the ________ are viewed with a Ophthalmo/scop/e to help diagnosis Arterio/sclerosis, Diabetes, Kidney Disease, and many other diseases.
A Stethoscope is placed over the heart valves to listen to the:
Bicuspid and Tricuspid Valves
The Sickle Cell Anemia (Sickle Cell Trait "Gene") includes the:
clumping of blood in vessels causing ischemia, infarction, and tissue necrosis
ischemia and lack of normal numbers of RBCs and flow to the body tissues
sickle shaped RBCs which cannot carry sufficient oxygen, and get stuck in capillaries
The terms Crenation, Poikilocytosis, and Anisocytosis all refer to:
The condition of Hodgkin's Disease could also be known as:
Lymph Node Hyper/trophy Disease