med term

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med term
2014-11-19 10:11:19
med term
med term
med term
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  1. the upper chambers of the heart are called teh
    atria "means chamber"
  2. the lower chambers of the heart are called the
    ventricles "little belly"
  3. the valve located between the left atrium and ventricle is the
    bicuspid "mitral"
  4. The pace-maker is found in the right atria and is also called the
    S-A node
  5. The blood vessel that carries blood containing oxygen and nutrients away from the heart to the body tissues (except the lungs) is the
  6. The combining forms angi/o- and vaso- all mean
  7. the combining forms that mean "vein" are:
    ven/o- and phleb/o-
  8. the combining forms that mean "chest" are:
    steth/o-, pectero-, and thoroco-
  9. The combining forms that mean "sound" are
    ech/o- and sono-
  10. the suffix -graph in the term cardio/graph means
    instrument used to record
  11. the diagnosis of angina pectoris literally means
    vessel: "in" chest
  12. the term that means separation or removal is
  13. the diagnostic term that means abnormal state of a slow heart rate is
  14. the diagnositc term Aortic Stenosis means
    narrowing of the aorta
  15. the diagnostic term Coronary Isch/emia actually means
    deficient supply of blood to the crowning blood vessels of the heart
  16. the diagnostic term that means hardening of the arteries is
  17. the "literal" meaning" of the diagnostic term Cardio/myo/path/y is
  18. the inability of the heart to pump enough blood through the body to supply the tissues and organs is called
    congestive heart failure
  19. the diagnostic term Ar/rhythmia means
    any variation from a normal heart rhythm or contraction
  20. the diagnostic term used to refer to a dilated or varicose (twisted) internal and/or external vein in the rectum is:
    hemorrh/oid "blood/resembles"
  21. The diagnostic term for the ballooning of a weakened portion of an arterial wall is:
  22. The diagnostic term that means rapid, quivering, non-coordinated contractions of the atria and/or ventricles is:
  23. The diagnostic term for distended or tortuous veins usually found in the lower extremities is:
    varicose veins "twisted appearance"
  24. The diagnostic term Cardiac Arrest is defined as a(n):
    sudden cessation of cardiac output and effective circulation
  25. The diagnostic term for a type of cancer characterized by an abnormal increase in white blood cells is
  26. The diagnostic term An/emia means:
    decrease in normal RBC numbers, iron, or hemoglobin levels
  27. The surgical term for the incision into a vein to remove blood, to give blood, or to give intravenous fluids is
  28. THe surgical term Angi/o/rrhaphy means
    suturing of a vessel or to repair a vessel
  29. The surgical term Angioplasty means:
    surgical repair of a blood vessel
  30. The surgical term for a procedure in which a balloon is passed through a blood vessel to the area in which plaque is formed is
    precutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
  31. The surgical technique that brings a new blood supply to heart muscles by detouring around blocked athro/sclerotic coronary arteries is called a(n)
    coronary artery bypass
  32. The procedural phrase "complete blood count- CBC" is defined as
    counting RBC, WBC, and Thrombocytes or Platelets
  33. The procedural term for X-ray of the blood vessels after an injection of contrast medium dye is
  34. The procedure for making a record of the structure and motion of the heart using sound waves is called
  35. A procedural bone marrow bipsy is referred to as
    stern/al puncture
  36. The test that determines the time it takes for blood to form a clot is
    coagulation time
  37. The device or instrument that is used to measure arterial blood pressure ( pulse pressure) by hand is a
  38. THe study that uses ultrasound to determine the velocity of the bflow of blood within a vessel is
    Doppler Flow Studies
  39. The medical term Cardiology means
    the science and study of the heart
  40. The medical term that means body temperature below normal, 98.6 F, is: (Note: hypo-, sub-, and infra all can refer to less, below, or under)
    hypo/thermia "usually 79 to 90 degrees F."
  41. The medical term that means removal of liquid from withdrawn blood is
    plasma/apheresis "liquid blood/separation"
  42. the term that means one who studies and treats diseases of the blood is
  43. The medical term Hemo/stasis (hemo/stat) literally means
    stoppage of bleeding or diminished blood flow "circulation"
  44. the medical term which means to puncture a vein in order to remove blood, instill medication, or start an intravenous infusion is
  45. the medical term for the hearing of sounds within the body through a stethoscope is
  46. Application of an electric shock to the myocardium through the chest wall to restore normal cardiac rhythm is called:
    de/fibrill/ation "process of quivering going away"
  47. The medical term Sy/stole (together/contract) actually means
    cardiac cycle phase where chambers contract raising blood pressure
  48. The phase in the cardiac cycle in which chambers relax between contractions is called:
    dia/stole "relaxation of heart muscle"
  49. Tapping of a body surface with the fingers to determine the density of the body part beneath is:
  50. The medical term for the phase in the cardiac cycle in which the ventricles contract is:
  51. The suffixes that mean 'pain' are:
    -dynia and -algia
  52. Cardiomyopathy is referred to as having a problem with _____________.
    the heart muscle pumping blood
  53. The medical term Hyper/tension means:
    blood pressure that is above normal - "140/90 mm/Hg or higher above atmospheric pressure"
  54. An Em/bol/ism literally means:
    state of a lump within
  55. Poly/cyth/emia Vera (many/cells/blood: true) is the term for:
    Erythrocytosis "RBC increases cause strokes, heart attacks, & clots"
  56. A Pulmonary Infarction (lung: to stuff into) actually means:
    lung blood flow blockage "ischemia is decreased flow"
  57. The term _________________ refers to the lack of development of normal numbers of RBC's (Erythrocyte) in the blood.
    A/plastic An/emia "bone marrow not producing cells"
  58. A Macro/phage is referred to as a:
    large eaters of foreign cells and materials
  59. Hodgkin's Disease is a type of:
  60. Athero/sclerosis is a type of:
  61. Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP) or Mitral Valve Incompetence (MVI) (valve between chambers on left side of the heart) is usually seen in:
    women or females
  62. An Aortic Abdominal Aneurysm is the _____________ of the big blood vessel in the posterior belly that often ruptures and causes death by hem/orrhag/ing.
    ballooning "a widening"
  63. A Varico/cele is the __________ of the veins in the scrotum (male pouch).
    twisting "feels like worms in sac"
  64. The parasitic Protozoan Disease Trypano/som/iasis (carried by insects) is called Snail Fever, Chagas' Disease, Tsetse Fly Disease, America Fever or
    Sleeping Sickness "African or American Sleeping Sickness"
  65. Schisto/som/iasis in man is a type of a _____________ infestation.
    Split Bodied Blood Fluke Worm
  66. A Phlebo/tom/ist is a person who specializes in cutting or puncturing _____ to take blood samples.
  67. 67. Coronary Thrombosis is also known as:
    Acute Myocardial Infarction or Myocardial Infarction
  68. The most important longitudinal heart study in the world is being conducted in what American City since 1946:
    Framingham, Massachuset "little hill - Iroquois Indian Term"
  69. 69. The leading Cardiac Risk Factors are:
    smoking, obesity, lack of exercise, and hyper/cholesterol/emia
  70. Tiny blood vessels in the back of the ________ are viewed with a Ophthalmo/scop/e to help diagnosis Arterio/sclerosis, Diabetes, Kidney Disease, and many other diseases.
  71. A Stethoscope is placed over the heart valves to listen to the:
    • Aortic Valve
    • Bicuspid and Tricuspid Valves
    • Pulmonary Valve
  72. The Sickle Cell Anemia (Sickle Cell Trait "Gene") includes the:
    clumping of blood in vessels causing ischemia, infarction, and tissue necrosis

    ischemia and lack of normal numbers of RBCs and flow to the body tissues

    sickle shaped RBCs which cannot carry sufficient oxygen, and get stuck in capillaries
  73. The terms Crenation, Poikilocytosis, and Anisocytosis all refer to:
    cell shapes
  74. The condition of Hodgkin's Disease could also be known as:
    Lymph Node Hyper/trophy Disease