test 2

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loudermilk
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test 2
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2014-11-19 19:55:15
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test 2
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  1. *Trajan’s column

    Has 150 scenes on a 658 foot frieze winding 23 times around the column

    Originally topped by a statue of Trajan; now by Saint Peter
  2. Trajan’s column
  3. *

    Fortified wall of stone, ten feet thick

    In northern Britain

    75 miles long
  4. Hadrian’s wall
  5. *The Pantheon


    Temple designed to worship 7 planetary gods

    144ft diameter roof

    20ft thick walls in rotunda

    Inspired more works of architecture than any other monument in Greco-Roman history
  6. The Pantheon
  7. what is the The Pantheon
    Temple designed to worship 7 planetary gods

    144ft diameter roof

    20ft thick walls in rotunda

    Inspired more works of architecture than any other monument in Greco-Roman history
  8. *Rome’s achievements
    • Law and government
    • Justice as a process
    • Science
    • Empirical data (earth round because sails visible before hulls)
    • Medicine (field hospitals)
    • Public projects
    • Paved roads; aqueducts; irrigation; mass entertainment
    • Contributed Greek culture to western world
  9. *Baths of caracalla
    Included shopping mall w/ offices, libraries, gymnasiums, etc.

    Hosted up to 1,600 bathers a day

    Centered on a basilica
  10. Baths of caracalla
  11. *Decline of the roman Empire
    • Government:  Over-extended
    • Oppressive taxes, forced labor, extortion
    • Control was primarily local under loose military control
    • Economy:  Economic system collapsing 
    • vast households of Roman elite: huge estates, mines, factories
    • over-taxed middle class
    • Military had become de-Romanized: mercenaries 
    • had too much power
    • Christianity 
    • Divided loyalty of population
  12. Diocletian
    Tried to stamp out Christianity as a threat to the state

    *Divided empire into east and west
  13. Muslim and Jewish thinkers who transmitted Aristotle. . .?
    Avicenna

    Averroes

    Maimonides
  14. Averroes
    • From Cordoba in Spain
    • Exiled by the Caliph for impiety
    • His ideas:

    God’s existence can be proven by reason alone.

    The soul is not immortal.
  15. Maimonides
    He was a Spanish Jew who wrote in Arabic.

    “The pursuit of truth IS religion.”
  16. *TETRARCHY: System of 4 rulers
    • AUGUSTUS
    • Maximian in West

    • AUGUSTUS
    • Diocletian in Eas

    • CAESAR
    • Constantius in West

    • CAESAR
    • Galerius in East
  17. *Barbarian invasions of Rome
    Alaric’s 3-day sack of Rome in 410

    Followed by a series of invasions

    Establishment of barbarian kingdoms as Rome faded
  18. Justinian
    • “the emperor who never slept”
    • Theodora: his dynamic wife
    • Had a cabinet of great advisors who helped him restore the empire in the east
    • Restored geographical unity of empire
    • Powerful autocracy
    • Emperor gave power to favorites
    • Vast bureaucracy
    • Farmer-soldiers
  19. Justinian’s accomplishments
    • *Justinian Code 533
    • Foundation of many of Europe’s legal systems
    • *Built Hagia Sophia
    • Eastern Empire Stronghold of Christianity, roman law, greek heritage

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