Organic Chemistry Chpt 10

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Author:
bdgauthia
ID:
289732
Filename:
Organic Chemistry Chpt 10
Updated:
2014-11-23 16:50:56
Tags:
Chapter 10 alcohols thiols
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quiz and test 4
Description:
Chapter 10-Alcohols and Thiols
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  1. CH3CH2OH
    ethanol
  2. CH3CH2SH
    ethanethiol
  3. C-O-C
    ether
  4. C-S-C
    thiolether
  5. diol
    compound with two alcohols
  6. triol
    compound with three alcohols
  7. Name the four molecules that have infinite solubility in water:
    • methanol
    • ethanol
    • 1-propanol
    • 1,4-butanediol
  8. Name the five molecules that are insoluble in water:
    • ethane
    • propane
    • butane
    • pentane
    • hexane
  9. Name the two molecules that are partially soluble in water:
    • 1-butanol 8g/100g
    • 1-pentanol 2.3g/100g
  10. What is the name of a substituent that has SH attached?
    sulfhynyl
  11. What is the name of a substituent that has OH attached?
    hydroxy
  12. Which molecules have the highest boiling point?
    Least substituted have highest intermolecular capability
  13. How does HCl, HBr, and HI react on primary alcohols?
    • addition reaction
    • breaks double bond and adds on more substituted carbon
    • Sn2 mechanism
  14. How does Na react?
    Sodium metal makes an alkoxide leaving the O- behind
  15. What is an alkoxide?
    Conjugate base of an alcohol leaving O-
  16. List strong bases:
    good for E2 reaction
    • H2O
    • NH3
    • CH3OH
    • -CΞCH

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