4.3.1

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Author:
efrain12
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289745
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4.3.1
Updated:
2014-11-20 16:42:52
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Social Psychology
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Prejudice I
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  1. Definition of stereotype
    Generalized beliefs about members of a group
  2. Example of stereotype?
    New Yorkers are rude and always in a hurry
  3. Definition of prejudice
    Generalized attitude (liking or disliking) toward members of a group
  4. Example of prejudice
    Dislike for white sox fans
  5. Definition of discrimination
    Behaviors directed toward people on the basis of their group membership
  6. Example of discrimination
    Refusing to hire someone because he is a white sox fan
  7. ABCs of attitudes) Prejudice is based on
    affect
  8. ABCs of attitudes) discrimination is based on
    Behavior
  9. ABCs of attitudes) stereotype is based on
    Cognition
  10. Which 2 major themes does the naïve view of prejudices, stereotypes, discrimination ignore?
    -its the situation more than the disposition of the person

    -social reality is a social constructions
  11. Individual (intra-psychic) causes of prejudice) Displaced aggression: where does it come from?
    Freud's frustration-aggression hypothesis
  12. Individual (intra-psychic) causes of prejudice) displaced aggression: how does it view prejudice?
    As a state
  13. Individual (intra-psychic) causes of prejudice) displaced aggression: what are the 2 basic premises
    • -prejudice bolsters self esteem
    • *scapegoating
    • **makes us feel better about ourselves if we deflect all the blame for failure to others

    • -racial/ethnic violence increases in bad economic times
    • *social disorganization
    • **increased of crime and bad feelings towards certain groups
  14. Individual (intra-psychic) causes of prejudice) authoritarian personality: how does it view prejudice as?
    • trait
    • *disposition of the individual
    • **it can be measured by using the F scale
  15. Individual (intra-psychic) causes of prejudice) authoritarian personality: what is this personality like?
    Hates people who are different
  16. Individual (intra-psychic) causes of prejudice) authoritarian personality: what is this trait linked to?
    Harsh, unloving parenting
  17. Individual (intra-psychic) causes of prejudice) cognitive errors: what is the thought process behind this concept?
    "if we can just fix the way people think , prejudice would be eliminated
  18. Individual (intra-psychic) causes of prejudice) cognitive errors: 2 cognitive errors
    -categorization plus exaggeration

    -illusory correlation
  19. Individual (intra-psychic) causes of prejudice) cognitive errors: categorization plus exaggeration
    • Categorizing groups of people while assigning one particular trait to them all
    • *all blacks are hood as fuck
  20. Individual (intra-psychic) causes of prejudice) cognitive errors: illusory correlation, how is it driven?
    Schemas that we have build off groups of people or things that we are not familiar off
  21. Individual (intra-psychic) causes of prejudice) cognitive errors: illusory correlation
    False impression that 2 variables are related
  22. Individual (intra-psychic) causes of prejudice) cognitive errors: what can illusory correlation lead to?
    • People to overestimate the likelihood that racial minorities will commit crimes
    • *Muslims and 911
    • **most people don't know much about Muslims other than the fact that they participated in 911 attack
    • **so will correlate Muslims and violence
    • ***if they see any violent actions coming from Muslims, this will reinforce their beliefs.
  23. Social (extra-psychic) causes of prejudice) what is the premise of cultural transmission of social constructions?
    We are born into our prejudices
  24. Social (extra-psychic) causes of prejudice) in group- out group formation, Robbers Cave: what happened to the 20 boys in camp?
    They were divided into the rattlers and the eagles groups to test how they would react when separated into groups
  25. Social (extra-psychic) causes of prejudice) in group- out group formation, Robbers Cave: what occurred week 1?
    There was no contact between both groups to further solidify the sense of unity within them in their groups
  26. Social (extra-psychic) causes of prejudice) in group- out group formation, Robbers Cave: week 2? (2)
    -brought together for a tournament

    -strengthened in-group cohesiveness and out group hostility
  27. Social (extra-psychic) causes of prejudice) in group- out group formation, Robbers Cave: week 3?
    -they attempted to reduce hostility but contact made things worse
  28. Social (extra-psychic) causes of prejudice) in group- out group formation, Robbers Cave: what was the only way they were able to get both groups to collaborate?
    When both groups were working together towards shared goals
  29. Social (extra-psychic) causes of prejudice) in group- out group formation, Elliott blue eyes/brown eyes demonstration:summary
    Elliot divided her students into blue and brown eyes giving blue eye children special privileges
  30. Social (extra-psychic) causes of prejudice) in group- out group formation, Elliott blue eyes/brown eyes demonstration: results
    Within half hour, hostility started to emerge between both groups
  31. Most stereotypes are true but there are 4 things to consider
    1. There do exist small differences in averages between different groups but not as much in individuals

    2. They may be true bc of historical, sociological reasons

    • 3. Stereotypes linger 1-2 generations after reality changes
    • *Irish people were once seen the same way we see black people
    • *Chinese were seen the same way Mexicans are seen nowadays

    4.they are often self-righteous misinterpretations
  32. Are stereotype highly variable across time &culture?
    Yes, stereotypes are constantly changing and have different meanings for different cultures.
  33. Premise behind Social categorization (2)
    Us vs them

    • -we feel the need to categorize everything the same way we categorize plants, animals, and humans
    • *we tend to feel more positive feelings with people that we categorize as the same as us
  34. Social identity  (2)
    -we like people who are in the same group as us more than people in different groups

    • -we tend to view people who belong to other groups (out groups) as being all the same (out group homogeneity )
    • *all Schaumburg fucks are the same
  35. Realistic conflict theory
    Limited resources lead to conflict among groups and result in prejudice and discrimination

    *during recession, stupid white people were saying that Mexicans were taking all of the jobs. Even though those bastards would not be brave enough to be employed in them
  36. Realistic conflict theory: summary
    • Discrimination increases against out groups when there is a scarcity of jobs
    • *Mexicans with the recession economy
  37. stereotype threat summary results  (3)
    -black people performed worse when they were told they were competing against whites

    -Asian women did worse when they were emphasize that they were women

    -whites were not affected by these things
  38. Conclusions: there are real difference between groups (2)
    -these differences arise for bc of clear historical/sociological reasons

    -many of the differences can be explained as results of different situational factors and self fulfilling prophecies
  39. Conclusions: all people hold stereotypes and prejudices
    • -these arise for clear psychological reasons
    • *people exaggerate

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