Card Set Information
2 courses of sugars
Which sweetener is the most widely used?
What are the 3 types of sweeteners ?
7 functions of sugar in baked goods
-fermentation of yeast
-extending shelf life
-adds body to soft drinks
-offsets acidic, bitter, and salty tastes
Natural sweeteners) Plants and natural sugars
Plants produce natural sugars through photosynthesis
4 sources that most sugar comes from
Which the only source of sugar in animals?
3 major groups of sweeteners?
What are the 3 major groups based on?
How does the chemical structure influence?
Functions in foods & beverages
What do sugars become when extracted?
What's the number 1 food additive?
Where is sucrose derived from? (2)
*comes mostly from this one-60%
Sucrose) how to extract from cane (4)
-cane is washed, shredded, crushed, and juice squeezed out
Sucrose) to extract from beets (3)
-washed, Sliced, soaked in hot water
Glucose) 4 chief plant sources of this
Glucose) where can they be obtained?
Glucose) what are they used to make? (5)
Fructose) what is it also called? (2)
Fruit sugar or levulose
Fructose) where is it found naturally in? (2)
Fruits and honey
Fructose) what is it used for?
Fructose) in what form is it added to food/beverages as?
High fructose corn syrup
Which is the sweetest of all sugars?
Lactose) from what is it extracted from?>
Lactose) what is it used for?
In baking for browning
Which is the least sweet sugar?
maltose) what is it also called?
maltose) what does it do? (2)
-malt taste to milk shakes and candy
-color and flavor to beer
maltose) where does it come from?
conversion of barley and other grains starches during processing
How do syrups vary? (4)
6 common sources of syrup
-high fructose corn syrup
What is syrup a by product of?>
Percent's that corn syrup is composed off? (2)
What is dried corn syrup used? (3)
Dry mix for
-instant breakfast drinks
liquid corn syrup used in.. (2)
-soft drinks and processed foods
How is syrup manufactured?
By adding weak acid solution to cornstarch
*boiled and evaporated
What is dextrose?
Sugar that most often comes from corn
What is dextrose equivalent DE?
Measure of dextrose concentration
What level of DE are high conversion corn syrups?
DE over 58