Lab: Respiratory systems / Airways

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Lab: Respiratory systems / Airways
2014-11-22 20:59:48
respiratory systems airways
Lab practical 4
From Lab packet
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  1. What are the ACCESSORY muscles of inspiration?
    • sternocleidomastoid
    • scalenus
  2. What are the MAJOR muscles of inspiration?
    • external intercostal muscles
    • diaphragm
  3. What are the muscles of ACTIVE EXPIRATION?
    • internal intercostal muscles
    • abdominal muscles
  4. This term means tidelike movement of air in & out of lungs which continously creates gas exchange in alveoli.
    Pulmonary ventilation
  5. The simple term for this is calle ventilation or breathing
    pulmonary ventilation
  6. This is the gas exchange between the lungs and tissue cells of the body.
    external respiration
  7. This process is accomplished by the cardiovascular system, using blood as the rasnort vehicle of gas exchange.
    Transport of respiratory gases
  8. this is the exchange of gases between systemic blood and tissue cells S(oxygen unloading and carbon dioxide loading)
    intenal resiration
  9. Air generally passes inito the respiatory tract through the ___a___, or nares, and enters the ___b___ cavity, which is divided by the nasal ___c___.
    • a) nostrils
    • b) nasal
    • c) septum
  10. What happens to air as it enters through the nasal cavity?
    It is warmed, moistened, and filtered by the nasal mucosa.
    • a) inferior nasal conchae
    • b) middle nasal conchae
    • c) superior nasal conchae
  11. Nasal septum
  12. What is the oral cavity seperated from and how?
    It is seperated from the nasal passages by a partition composed anteriorly of the hard palate and soft palate.
    • a) hard palate
    • b) soft palate
  13. This funnel shaped structure connects the nasal and oral cavities to the larynx and esophagus. It is commonly called the throat.
  14. What are the three parts of the pharynx?
    • Nasopharynx
    • Oropharynx
    • Laryngopharynx
  15. Pharynx
  16. This structure consists of 9 cartilages
  17. What are the two most proimnent cartilges of the larynx?
    • Thyroid cartilage
    • Cricoid cartilage
  18. This cartilage is commonly referred to as the "adam's apple"
    thyroid cartilage
  19. What are all the laryngeal cartilages composed of in the larynx, except the epiglottis?
    Hyaline cartilage
  20. This structure in the larynx is reerred to as the "guardian of the airways." It closes off the respiratory passageways when we swallow
  21. Laynx
    • a) thyroid cartilage
    • b) cricoid cartilage
    • c) Laryngeal prominence
    • d) tracheal cartilages
  22. a) epiglottis
  23. The mucous membrane of the larynx is thrown into 2 pairs of folds
    The upper ___a____, also called the ____b____
    The lower ___c___, also called the ___d___.
    • a) vestibular folds
    • b) false vocal cords
    • c) vocal foldsĀ 
    • d) true vocal cords
    • a) vestibular folds
    • b) vocal folds
  24. a) glottis
  25. What cartilage is the epiglottis made of?
    elastic cartilage
  26. T or F: The larynx is where food enters
    False: only air enters the larynx
  27. olfactory nerves
    • a) hard palate
    • b) soft palate
    • c) uvula
    • a) uvula
    • b) palatine tonsil
  28. a) esophagus
  29. What is the name of this bone structure?
    Hyoid bone
    • a) Larynx
    • b) Thyroid glands
    • c) Trachea
    • a) Primary bronchi
    • b) secondary bronchi