Humanities

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Author:
melissa123assilem
ID:
289860
Filename:
Humanities
Updated:
2014-11-22 21:28:30
Tags:
Japan
Folders:
Japan
Description:
Humanities-Japan
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  1. 4 Islands

    Hokkaido
    Honshu
    Shikoku
    Kyushu
    • North
    • Largest
    • Smallest
    • south
  2. Jomon Culture
    • Hunter/gather fisherman
    • around coast line
    • far behind in agriculture
  3. Art Of Jomon
    • Vases/no wheel pottery
    • decorated with whorls-rolled clay pieces
  4. Dogu
    small figurines animal faced-odd characters
  5. Apotropaic device
    scary things made to ward off evil spirits-maybe ritualized markings=tattoos-like pacific islands
  6. Yatoi Culture
    • A little more advanced no writing- used metals- WHEEL tuirned pottry-rice farming
    • TRADE with China-HAN DYNASTY
  7. Yayoi Culture Queen
    Himiko(J) or Pimiku (c)
  8. Yayoi culture art
    Vases had human faces on them that held grains.
  9. Anthropomorphic
    Giving human qualities to a non human object.
  10. Yayoi Culture
    Dotaku
    Bronze hollow decorated onoutside thing...could be a bell- religious sound
  11. Kofun Period
    • Start of writing
    • rise of powerful clans
    • 1st emperor stemed out of clan
  12. Kofun Period
    Yamato
    • Head clan
    • Rich in power
    • money and jewels in tombs
    • moats to keep robers away
  13. Kofun Period
    Haniwa
    • Terracotta figures-horses, deer, small houses
    • EYES where BLACK
  14. Kofun Period
    Shinto
    • Shin-Tao
    • "the way of the Gods"
    • Religion
  15. Kofun Period
    Kami
    all spirits individual or group are called Kami
  16. 4 types of shinto
    • 1. Koshitsu shinto
    • 2. Shuha Shinto
    • 3. Minzoku or folk
    • 4. Inja Shinto
  17. 4 types of shinto
    1-Koshintsu Shinto
    • Emperor rites-laws
    • 3 divine gifts-sword-mirror-jewel
    • rites all about good of country
  18. 4 types of shinto
    2-Shuha Shinto
    • Sect shinto-individuals
    • some systematic like haniwa houses
    • going to church
  19. 4 types of shinto
    3-Minzoku or Folk Shinto
    • living the faith
    • not systematically told-faithful but not going to church
  20. 4 types of shinto
    4-Jinja Shinto
    • Community practice
    • local festivals and temple/shrine worship
  21. Shinto Shrines 2
    • 1- Izumo Shrine
    • oldest shinto shrine from time it was made
    • built with Curved roof-Taisha-zukuri
    • Buddhist dedicated to Okuninushi-no-mikoto-Chief Kami
  22. Izumo Shrine
    3 main parts of shrine
    • 1- Torii-Gate
    • 2 Honden-building that holds the inner most shrine to Kami-Kami's house
    • 3 Haiden-worshipping hall-small-seperate
  23. Amaterasu(Kami-sun)
    • "Built" this shrine for Okun
    • Ise Shrine dedicated to sun goddess
  24. Shinto shrines 2
    • 2 Ise Shrine
    • Oldest Shinto site of worship-not same existing building-rebuilt ever 20 yrs
    • STRAIGHT roof- Shimmei-zukuri
  25. Shimmei-zukuri
    straight roof
  26. taisha-zukuri
    Curved roof
  27. Asuka period
    • many Chinese influences
    • religion and writing
  28. Asuka period
    Ruler
    Yomei- emperor- very sick thought he would get better if he buiolt a buddhist temple-better Karma
  29. Horyu-Ji
    • Where oldest buddhist Shrine wood structure was built
    • Curved roof-Taisha-zukuri
  30. Cantilevered Method
    Building Supported on one side
  31. Kondo
    idol hall for statues of Buddha
  32. Nara Period
    • trying to be just like China/TANG dynasty
    • capitol-Nara
    • Buddhism advances quickly
    • very popular and more monks
  33. Asuka periodBodhisattva
    Kannon-Bodhisattva of Mercy-Female
  34. Todaiji Tmeple
    • Largest Wood temple structure in the world
    • lots of superstitions
  35. Heian or Kyptp Period
    • Peaceful times and Buddhism changes
    • developes into small esoteric groups
    • Budhisattva lokking like Shinto Kami
  36. Heian means
    Tranquil Peace
  37. Heian or Kyptp Period
    Tale of Genji
    written by Murasaki Shikibu-WOMEN
  38. 1st novel
    Tale of Genji
    she was taught by her father to read and write and this is not typical
  39. Kamakur Period
    • Feudal Japan
    • Shoguns
    • zen buddism developed out of chan Buddhism
  40. Kamakur Period
    Keiko
    1st Emperor to call himself Shogun
  41. Kamakur Period
    Zen Buddhism
    • Goal to be Buddha like
    • for Zen goal is to reach "Original Mind" or "empty mind"
    • what Buddha actually had
  42. satori
    Sudden flash of awareness-leads to Nirvana
  43. 2 main types of Zen Buddhism
    • 1 Sotu-founded by Dogan(monk)
    • 2. Rinzai- founded by Eisai
  44. Kuon
    an unanswerable question-given to the monks by Annot
  45. Kyusaku
    When monks get sleepy during meditation they are smacked with the stick of compassion
  46. Kyudo
    Archery
  47. KamaHura-Shoguns
    Samurai focus=
    • to serve the master- Daimyo
    • master could be emperor,dukes,lords
    • ALl about HONOR
  48. Bushido
    Developed from a book- Haga Kure
  49. Haga Kue book written by
    Tsunetomo Yamamoto
  50. Seppuku
    ritualized disenbowelment ceremony-done if a samurai is dishonred, only way to regain honor- helper is- Kaisha Kunih
  51. 3 main types of swords
    • Katana-LongĀ 
    • Shoto-short
    • Tanto-dagger
  52. Ronin
    • If a samurai loses master they become a Ronin-master less samurai
    • storey of 47 Ronin
  53. Lanellor
    Amor-steel plates wrapped in clothe
  54. mage
    top knit of hair
  55. Real name for Ninja
    Shinobi-no-mono
  56. ninjitsu
    • martial art
    • assasinatiuons, espianage, get job done by any means necessary

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