1350: Nutrition: Protein carbs fats

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1350: Nutrition: Protein carbs fats
2014-11-24 11:46:40

protein, carbs, fats
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  1. Of your essential nutrients, which are energy producing vs non-energy producing?
    Energy: carbs, proteins, fats.

    Non: vitamins, minerals, water.
  2. What are some uses of protein intake in the body?

    In 1 gram, how many kcal?
    • Regulates body functions, enzyme and antibody production.
    • Growth, maintenance and repairĀ 
    • Required for formation of all body structures

    1 g = 4 kcal
  3. What is the difference between complete and incomplete proteins?

    Give examples of complete/incomplete proteins.
    Complete (animal): meat, fish, poultry, eggs, milk, yogurt.

    Incomplete (plants): legumes, grains, oats, veggies.
  4. What are some functions of carbs?

    How many kcal are in 1 g?
    Maintain body temperature.

    *Primary function: ENERGY.

    1 g = 4 kcal
  5. What is ketosis?

    How many mg of carbs is required to prevent ketosis?
    Ketosis is the abnormal accumulation of ketone bodies; usually associated w/ acidosis.

  6. What is the difference between simple and complex carbs?

    Give some examples.

    Which is the preferred energy source?
    simple: mono/disachs; fructose, lactose, glucose..

    complex: polysachs; grains, starches, root veggies, fiber

    Complex carbs are preferred for energy.
  7. What are the purposes of fats (lipids)?

    What % of calorie intake should include fats?
    • Insulates; conserves heat, cushions organs.
    • Aids in absorption of fat-soluble vitamins.
    • Normal growth & healthy skin.
    • Part of cell structure.
    • Stored energy for body (triglycerides)

    No more than 20-35% of total calorie intake.
  8. What is the difference between saturated and unsaturated fatty acids?
    Saturated: raise cholesterol

    Unsaturated: lowers cholesterol