Chem 1C functional groups continued

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Author:
Trekofstarsx
ID:
290007
Filename:
Chem 1C functional groups continued
Updated:
2014-11-25 01:44:08
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Chem 1C
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Chem 1C functional groups continued
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  1. Esters
    • -Can not hydrogen bond to other esters
    • -Two acceptors (O's) and no donors
    • -Not as soluble in water as alcohols or acids
    • -Can H-bond with water, and water has H-bond donors
    • -Boiling point lower than alcohols or acids, higher than alkanes
  2. Condensation Reaction
    carboxylic acid + alcohol --> ester + H2O
  3. Naming esters
    • -Carboxylic acid used in synthesize is parent molecule
    • -Convert suffix from "-oic acid" to "-oate"
    • -Alcohol used in synthesize is the substituent
    • -Convert suffix from "-ol" to "-yl"
    • -Space between substituent and parent
  4. Alkyl Halides/Haloalkanes
    • -  C-X single bond where X is F, Cl, Br, and I
    • -Substituent name=halogen
    • -The root name is based on the longest name containing the halogen
    • -The chain is numbered so as to give the halogen the lowest possible number
  5. Amines

    Formulas
    • C-N single bond
    • -Hydrogen bonding possible (for primary and secondary amines only)

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