anatomy and phys final test

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anatomy and phys final test
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2014-11-25 20:16:16
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final test
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  1. Which describes form?
    anatomy
  2. which describes function?
    physiology
  3. what is a positively charged particle found in the nucleus of an atom?
    proton
  4. what is a neutrally charged particle found in the nucleus of an atom?
    neutron
  5. what is a negatively charged particle found around the energy levels of an atom?
    electron
  6. what do we call the study of the scientific structures of the body and the relationship of their parts
    anatomy
  7. what do we call the scientifix study of the processes and functions of the body that support life.
    physiology
  8. what do we call the smallest particle of an element that still retains the characteristic of that element?
    atom
  9. Many atoms of the same type connected together are called an
    element.
  10. if they are different element would be called a
    molecule
  11. the most simple level of organization is called the
    subatomic level
  12. the small pieces that make up a cell are called the _____________ level
    organelle
  13. the level that is a combination of similar cells that are specialized for a specific function?
    tissue
  14. groups of 2 or more tissues that combine to perform a particular function make up this level
    organ
  15. body functions groups of organs that work together to perform complex body functions make up this level?
    organ system
  16. this organs of this system include the heart, the blood and blood vessels
    cardiovascular system
  17. the GI tract makes up the majority of this system
    digestive system
  18. this system includes the skin, hair and nails
    integumentary system
  19. white blood cells are most closely associated with which system
    immune system
  20. this system contains the ears, nose, eyes and other sense organs
    nervous system
  21. the hard structures of this system support and protect the vital organs of the body
    skeletal system
  22. this system is the communications and decision making system
    nervous system
  23. this system includes the kidneys and bladder
    urinary system
  24. this system regulates body functions by use of hormones?
    endocrine system
  25. the teeth and salivary glands are included in this system
    digestive system
  26. this system has specialized contractile tissues and assists in movement as well as creating heat
    muscular sytem
  27. this system is responsible for eliminating carbon dioxide from the body.
    respiratory system
  28. this system works closely with the immune system to rid the body of toxins and pathogens
    lymphatic system
  29. creating brand new organisms is the function of this system
    reproductive system
  30. this system is responsible for producing red blood cells
    lymphatic system
  31. This term refers to one structure being more in front than another structure of the body
    anterior
  32. this term refers to a structures being closer to the head or "higher" on the body than another structure.
    superior
  33. this term refers to a body structure that is closer to the midline of the body than another structure
    medial stucture
  34. this term refers to a body structure or reference point that is closer to the surface of the body than another
    superficial
  35. this term refers to a structure of the body that is further away from the attachment of a limb than another structure
    distal
  36. this term refers to one structure being more "in back" than another structure of the body.
    posterior
  37. this term refers to a structure being closer to the feet or "lower" on the body than another structure
    inferior
  38. this term refers to a body structure that is further from the midline of the body than another structure
    lateral
  39. this term refers to a body structure or reference point that is further frothed surface of the body tan another
    deep
  40. this term refers to a structure of the body that is closer to the attachment of a limb than another structure
    proximal
  41. if we want to refer to the base of the scull we use the word
    occipital
  42. when we use the word orbital we are referring to what part of the body
    eyes
  43. if we want to refer to the bottom of the foot we use the word
    plantal
  44. when we use the word buccal we are referring to what part of the body?
    cheeks
  45. if we want to refer to the hip region we use the word
    coxal
  46. when we use the word otic we are referring to what part of the body
    ear
  47. if we want to refer to the collar bone we use the word
    clavicular
  48. when we use the word brachial we are referring to what part of the body
    arm
  49. if we want to refer to the ribs we use the word
    costal
  50. when we use the word digital we are referring to what part of the body?
    finger and toes
  51. if we want to refer to the arm pit we use the word
    axillar
  52. when we use the word olecranon we are referring to what part of the body?
    elbow's point
  53. if we want to refer to the breast bone we use the word
    mammary. (sternum)
  54. when we use the word popliteal we are refererring to what part of the body?
    back of the knee
  55. if we want to refer to the heel we use the word
    calcaneal
  56. when we use the word mammary we are referring to what part of the body
    breast
  57. if we want to refer to the shoulder blade we use the word
    scapular
  58. when we use the word nuchal we are referring to what part of the body?
    back of the neck
  59. if we want to refer to the area between the hips we use the word
    sacral
  60. when we use the word inguinal we are referring to what part of the body
    groin
  61. this plane cuts "right down the midline" divinding the body into equal left and rights halves is called
    mid sagittal
  62. this plane cuts down the body (not on the midline) dividing the body into unequal left and right halves is called
    sagittal
  63. this plane divides the body or head into front and back sections
    frontal
  64. this plane divides the body into upper and lower halves
    transverse
  65. cutting the arm off at where the upper arm meets the elbow would be an example of which anatomical plane
    transverse
  66. the body cavities are divided into two major categories referring to the front and the back of the body, what are they.
    ventral dorsal
  67. the dorsal cavity is then subdivided into which two cavities?
    • spinal cavity
    • cranial cavity
  68. the ventral cavity is then subdivided into which two cavities?
    • thoracic cavity
    • abdomino/pelvic cavity
  69. The abdomino/pelvic cavity is then subdivided again into which two cavities?
    Abdominal and pelvic cavity
  70. the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities are separated by which "bell shaped" muscle?
    diaphragh
  71. the cell membrane lets some things in and some things out, what do we call that type of membrane?
    semipermeable
  72. the cytoskeleton is made up of 3 different kinds of protein filaments. name any one
    • actin microfilaments
    • microtubes 
    • intermediate filaments
  73. some ribosomes float free in the cytoplasm, but most are found attached to what structure
    rough endoplasmic reticulum
  74. the rough er appears __________ like. "while the smooth er is "more _____________" in appearance.
    • ribbon
    • cilindrical
  75. How do we describe the structure of the cell memberane
    • semipermeable
    • bilayer
    • phospholipia
  76. the golgi apparatus s a stacked of curved membranes that resemble a
    stack of panckakes
  77. the CIS face of the golgi is pointed towards the
    nucleous
  78. the trans face of the golgi is pointed towards the
    cell membrane
  79. the golgi accepts packets of ___________ that have budded off from the rough er
    ribosomes
  80. after the packets have gone throughout the golgi, the come out on the other side as three things? name two of them
    • membrane vesicles
    • secretory vesicles
    • lysosomes
  81. what is the nickname of the lysosomes?
    suicide sack
  82. where are lysosomes produced
    golgi apparatus
  83. what are the 2 of the major functions of the lysosomes?
    • store enzymes for digestive system
    • destroy bacteria WBC
  84. the bulk transport of molecules in and out of the cell are described as either __________ or ___________
    • endocytosis
    • exocytosis
  85. which one brings substances into the cell and which ones send substances out with regards to endocytosis and exocytosis
    endocytosis
  86. pinocytosis is sometimes called?
    cell drinking something
  87. phagocyttosis is sometimes called
    • a cell eating something c
    • cellular eating
  88. the term ipsolateral means
    pertaining to the side
  89. the term contralateral means
    pertaining to the opposite side

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