Chemistry glossary terms chapter 4

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Author:
paulmckeand
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290146
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Chemistry glossary terms chapter 4
Updated:
2014-11-27 19:53:14
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science
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glossary terms
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  1. Matter
    • Matter is anything in the universe that occupies space, and has mass.
    • e.g. tree,dog,human,water...
  2. Pure substance
    • A pure substance is a substance that is composed of only one type of atom.
    • e.g. A diamond
  3. Mixture
    • A mixture is a mix of two or more pure substances that can be separated with physical methods , such as distillation.
    • e.g. salt water
  4. Element
    • One of over one hundred substances that are impossible to break down any further than the state they are in.
    • e.g. Phosphorus,copper tin...
  5. Compound
    • A compound is a thing that is composed of more than one element,they are chemically bonded together.
    • e.g. pure water
  6. Physical property
    • A physical property is anything that can be used to describe the physical components of a thing.
    • e.g. malleability, clarity...
  7. Viscosity
    Viscosity is used to describe the difficulty a liquid has flowing.
  8. Melting point
    • Melting point is the temperature that a solid begins to melt at.
    • e.g. ice: 0 degrees Celsius
  9. Boiling point
    • Boiling point is the temperature that a liquid starts to boil at.
    • e.g. water: 100 degrees celcius
  10. Solubility
    Solubility is the maximum amount of a substance that can be dissolved in a set amount of another substance.
  11. Density
    Density is the ratio of mass divided by volume in a substance/the amount of matter in that substance.
  12. Chemical property
    • A chemical property is something that is observed during a reaction of that substance.
    • e.g. combustibility
  13. Combustibility
    Combustibility is the ability of a substance to combust or light on fire.
  14. Stability
    Stability is the ability of a substance to be stable.
  15. Toxicity
    The degree that a substance can damage/hurt an organism.

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