Hist 2020 Final Exam 2
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Launched counterattack at Inchon- His army soon occupied most of North Korea; Hope to unite pro American gov. in Korea; Oct.1950- Chinese troops drove UN forces back; wanted to fight back- invade China and use nuclear weapons
General Douglas MacArthur
Any Soviet attack on on American ally would be countered by a nuclear assault on the Soviet Union; Reliance on nuclear warheads rising from 1,000 in 1953 to 18,000 in 1960 (U.S.)
1952- First hydrogen bomb exploded by U.S.; Both U.S. and Soviet Union developed long range bombers
Mutual Assured Destruction
Families had bomb shelters, stored food underground and other things needed to survive
Duck and Cover
50% increase in birthrate; Number of children jumped from 2.6 per family in 1940 to 3.2 by 1950; 94% men, 92% women taking marriage rows; most marrying generation, marrying younger, ___ with generational identity
Purchased thousands of acres of farmland in Hempstead, NY; Creator of the Levittowns oplanned communities
Contained 17,000 houses, dozens of parks, ball fields, churches, shopping areas for over 53,000 residents; Similar towns in PA and NJ emerged; salesmen restricted communities to whites
McDonald's opened in Illinois in 1954; Franchised by him; 700 McDonald's appeared by 1964- over 400 million hamburgers sold
Local disc jockey played black rhythm and blues artist on radio; self proclaimed father of rock n roll
Music of the youth; Was the youth's music played by their heroes, set to their specific beat
Rock n Roll
One of the most popular artist of the 1950s
Poets against mainstream culture; appeared in college; appeared in college towns Madison, Ann Arbor as well as in NYC and SF; coined by Jack Kerouac meaning "beaten down" and "saintlike"
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