Astronomy Final Set

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hunter82
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290232
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Astronomy Final Set
Updated:
2014-12-01 18:25:03
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Constellations Astronomy Lab
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Flash cards for the Astronomy Lab Final over constellations, stars, and messier objects, also important information
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  1. 1. ______
    Known as (Asterism) THE BIG DIPPER
    Latin for "Big Bear"
    Binary Stars:
    -Alcor (Horse)
    -Mizor (Rider)
    Messiar Object: (galaxies, not comets)
    -M81: spiral galaxy
    -M82: irregular galaxy
    Ursa Major
  2. Ursa Major's binary stars are:
    A) Alcor and Spica
    B) Spica and Arcturus
    C) Rigel, Betelgeuse, and Alcor
    D) Alcor and Mizor
    D
  3. Ursa Major's messiar objects are:
    A) M80 and M81
    B) M81 and M82
    C) M83 and M84
    D) M85 and M86
    B
  4. M81 is a spiral galaxy and M82 is an irregular galaxy. True or False?
    • True
    • Note: These objects are galaxies not comets
  5. 2. ____
    Known as (Asterism) THE LITTLE DIPPER
    Stars:
    -Polaris
    Ursa Minor
  6. Ursa Minor's star is:
    A) Arcturus
    B) Spica
    C) Polaris
    D) Betelgeuse
    C
  7. Seven stars form the shape of a small dipper, this constellation describes Ursa Major. True or False?
    • False:
    • Correct Answer: Ursa Minor
  8. Part A: Is Ursa Minor (The Little Dipper) circumpolar?
    Yes or No?
    Part B: What does circumpolar mean?
    A) A circular constellation
    B) A nebula constellation
    C) A constellation that never goes below the horizon
    Answer: Yes, C
  9. Polaris is the north star in the current epoch since it's the closest bright star to the north celestial pole. True or False?
    True
  10. 3. _____
    First zodiacal constellation; lays on ecliptic
    Star:
    -Spica: bright star
    ->*Find Arcturus to find Spica
    Messiar Objects:
    -M87: one of the many galaxies in Virgo's elliptical galaxy
    ->Virgo Cluster: surrounding neighbor galaxies
    -Super Cluster
    Virgo
  11. Virgo's star is Arcturus. True or False?
    • False:
    • Correct Answer: Spica
    • ->*Note: Spica is a bright star
  12. Contained in M87 is the Virgo Cluster and the Shepherd Cluster. True or False?
    • False:
    • Correct Answer: Virgo Cluster and Super Cluster
  13. 4. _______
    Known as (Asterism) The Shepherd
    Star:
    -Arcturus: the brightest star in the northern hemisphere
    ->Arcturus is a Red Giant Star
    Bootes
  14. The constellation Bootes's star is Rigel. True or False?
    • False:
    • Correct Answer: Arcturus
  15. Arcturus is the brightest star in the northern hemisphere and is a Red Giant Star. True or False?
    True
  16. 5. _____
    ->*The Sun, relative to the other stars, is moving towards this constellation
    ->*Four brightest stars form what is known as The Keystone
    Messiar Object:
    -M13: a globular cluster in ____
    Hercules
  17. "The Keystone":
    Part A: Located in what constellation?
    -A) The Shepherd (Bootes)
    -B) Hercules
    Part B: What is "The Keystone"?
    -"The Keystone" is four brightest stars form this asterism. True or False?
    Answers: B, True
  18. M13 is located in the Hercules constellation and is a spiral galaxy. True or False?
    • False:
    • Correct Answer: It is located in the constellation Hercules, but is not a spiral galaxy but rather a globular cluster
  19. 6. _____
    Star:
    -Antares: (Red Giant) star in the constellation ____
    Messiar Object:
    -M4: globular cluster
    Scorpius
  20. Scorpius's star is Antares. Antares is a Red Giant Star. True or False?
    True
  21. What Messiar Object is located in the constellation Scorpius?
    A) M2
    B) M3
    C) M4
    D) M5
    What is the Messiar Object?
    -The Messiar Object is a globular cluster. True or False?
    Answers: C, True
  22. 7. ____ (THE TEAPOT)
    -Trifid Nebula: an emission nebula and a dark nebula
    Sagittarius
  23. In the constellation Sagittarius the Trifid Nebula is located there. The Trifid Nebula is a globular cluster and a spiral galaxy. Which part is True and which is fasle?
    1st sentence: A
    2nd sentence: B
    • Answer:
    • -True: A
    • -False: B
    • -Correct Answer: The Trifid Nebula is an emission nebula and a dark nebula
  24. 8. _____
    -Contains Vega, M57
    ->Vega: third brightest star in the Northern night sky, Blue Giant Star, Vertex of the Summer Triangle, will be the new North Star
    -->*Summer Triangle: Denab (in Cygnus), Vega (in Lyra), and Altair (in Aquila)
    Messiar Object:
    -M57: Planetary Nebual (THE RING NEBULA)
    Lyra
  25. Vega is located in the Sagittarus constellation. Vega is also the current north star. True or False?
    • False:
    • Correct Answer: Vega is located in the constellation Lyra and is not the current north star but will be the next north star
  26. The Summer Triangle consist of which set of stars?
    A) Betelguese, Rigel, and Arcturus
    B) Rigel, Spica, and Alcor
    C) Mizor, Denab, Altair
    D) Denab, Vega, Altair
    • D
    • *Note: Vega is the vertex of the Summer Triangle
  27. M57 is a planetary nebula known as The Ring Nebula and is located in the constellation Lyra.
    True or False?
    True
  28. 9. _____ (THE SWAN)
    Stars:
    -Denab: located on the tail of the swan
    -Sigma Beta (Alberio): head of the swan
    -->Alberio is a double star, one star is bluish and the other is reddish
    Cygnus
  29. In the constellation Cygnus, the stars Denab (of the Summer Triangle) and Sigma Beta (Alberio) is located. Alberio is a double star, one star is bluish and the other is reddish. True or False?
    True
  30. In the constellation Cygnus, Denab is at the tail of the swan and Alberio is at the head of the swan. True or False?
    True
  31. 10. _____
    Asterism: "Mother of Andromeda"
    Circumpolar constellation
    Pointer Stars
    Messiar Object:
    -M103: Open Cluster (forms an M or a W)
    Cassiopeia
  32. The constellation Cassiopeia's asterism is "The Swan". Cassiopeia is a spiral galaxy constellation and has Finger Stars. The Messiar Object contained in Cassiopeia is M41 and is a double star. True or False?
    • False:
    • Correct Answer:
    • -The constellation Cassiopeia's asterism is "The Mother of Andromeda". Cassiopeia is a circumpolar constellation and has Pointer Stars. The Messiar Object contained in Cassiopeia is M103 and is an open cluster that forms an M or a W.
  33. What constellation contains M103?
    A) Sagittarus
    B) Cassiopiea
    C) Lyra
    D) Hercules
    B
  34. 11. ______
    Asterism: "Great Square"
    Messiar Object:
    -M15: globular cluster
    Pegaus
  35. The asterism of Pegaus is Great Square and contains the messiar object M15. M15 is a globular cluster. True or False?
    True
  36. 12. _____
    Messiar Object:
    -M31: Andromeda Galaxy
    ->*Nearest spiral galaxy
    Andromeda
  37. In the constellation Andromeda, the messiar object contained is M31. M31 is the Andromeda Galaxy. The constellation Andromeda is also the nearest spiral galaxy. True or False?
    True
  38. 13. ______
    Asterism: "Chariatear"
    Star:
    -Capella: brightest star in ___, sixth brightest star in the night sky, fourth brightest in the northern night sky
    Auriga
  39. In the constellation Auriga, the star contained is Rigel and Auriga's asterism is "The Lyra". True or False?
    • False:
    • Correct Answer:
    • -In the constellation Auriga, the star contained is Capella and Auriga's asterism is "Chairatear".
  40. 14. _____
    Star:
    -Aldebaran: bright reddish star
    Messiar Object:
    -M1: the Crab Nebula, the remanants of a supernova
    -M45: The Pleiades, an open cluster; six stars can be seen with unaided eye dozens with telescope
    Taurus
  41. In the constellation Taurus, the star Aldebaran is a Blue Giant Star. True or False?
    • False:
    • Correct Answer: a bright reddish star
  42. In the constellation Taurus, the two messiar objects contained is M14 and M92. True or False?
    What are these two messiar objects?
    A) A bright red star and a dark green star
    B) A blackhole
    C) Baby Nebula and Crab Nebula
    D) Crab Nebula and The Pleiades
    • False:
    • Correct Answer:
    • -M1 and M45
    • D
  43. The Crab Nebula contained in the constellation, Taurus, is the remanants of a supernova. True or False?
    True
  44. The Pleiades, located in the constellation, Taurus, is a spiral galaxy and a double star. True or False?
    • False:
    • Correct Answer:
    • -The Pleiades is an open cluster where six stars can be seen with the unaided eye; dozens with a telescope.
  45. 15. ______
    Asterism: The Hunter
    Stars:
    -Rigel: brightest star in ___, sixth brightest star, Blue supergiant, light reflected off the Witch Head Nebula
    -Betelguse: second brightest star in ___, and ninth brightest star in the night sky. It is a red supergiant and a candidate of a supernova
    Messiar Object:
    -M42: Orion Nebula
    Orion
  46. The stars in the constellation Orion is Rigel and Betelguse. True or False?
    True
  47. Rigel is the brightest star in Orion, sixth brightest star, is a blue supergiant, and light is reflected off the Witch Head Nebula. True or False?
    True
  48. Betelguse is the fourth brightest star in Orion, and tenth brightest star in the night sky. It is a white supergiant and a candidate of a blackhole. True or False?
    • False:
    • Correct Answer:
    • -Betelguse is the second brightest star in Orion, and ninth brightest star in the night sky. It is a red supergiant and a candidate of a supernova.
  49. What Messiar Object is located in the constellation Orion?
    A) M1: Crab Nebula
    B) M45: The Pleiades
    C) M42: Orion Nebula
    D) M13: a globular cluster
    C

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