Philosophy 1

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  1. Philosophy comes from the ___ word ___ which means love and  ___ which means wisdom
    • Greek
    • philos
    • sophia
  2. it is a branch of human science which deals with the formal reasons and formal principles of things knowable through the natural light of human reason alone
  3. 3 definitions of philosophy
    • human science
    • formal reasons and formal principles
    • natural light of human reason
  4. ___ because philosophy is not just an accumulation of knowledge but a systematic body of knowledge
    human science
  5. ___ because philosophy searches for what is essential and it is more on formal features rather than the physical or material  features of a thing
    formal reasons and formal principles
  6. ___ because man alone has the capability to rationalize
    natural light of human reason
  7. "The heart has reason in which reason itself cannot understand"
    Blaise Pascal
  8. it is the science of "things"
  9. it is an attempt to reach a systematic knowledge of various aspects of reality
  10. Why does man Philosophize?
    • To understand ourselves better
    • Man is searching for wisdom
    • It is the cry of the human heart and mind
    • man seeks answers to his questions
    • Man is intelligent
  11. Beginnings of Philosophizing
    • Wonder
    • Doubt
    • Limits situation (crisis)
    • Metaphysical uneasiness- related with spiritual things inner restlessness
    • Curiosity
  12. What kind of philosophy is needed?
    • sapiential dimension
    • objective truth
    • genuinely metaphysical range
  13. Know Thyself
  14. Philosophy is all about the ___
    Meaning of life
  15. branches of philosophy
    • speculative 
    • practical
  16. it is more on the acquisition of knowledge
    speculative philosophy
  17. Philosophy on beauty
  18. Philosophy on being
  19. Philosophy on God
  20. Philosophy on Knowledge --> truth
  21. Philosophy on man
    Philosophy of man
  22. Philosophy on  values
  23. Philosophy on universe
  24. types of speculative philosophy
    • aesthetics
    • metaphysics
    • theodicy
    • epistemology
    • philosophy of man
    • axiology
    • cosmology
  25. logic and ethics; actions that we apply
    Practical philosophy
  26. problems on the Philosophy of man
    • Nature of man
    • Condition of being man
  27. Questions under Nature of man
    • what is man
    • who is man
  28. Questions under condition of being man
    • what is the condition of being man?
    • why does man exist?
    • how does man exist?
  29. He thought water was the substance from which all development began
  30. he believed that the four elements (fire,earth, air, water) were the substances from which all development began
  31. he differentiated between a world of experience inaccessible to reason and a world full of thought that comprises the truth of existence.
  32. he considered the everyday experience of motion to be an illusion
  33. he believed the real world to be a static energy
  34. saw the world to be an ever changing reality
  35. Greek: everything is in constant flux
    Panta Rhei
  36. Considered air as the principle of life
  37. he postulated it to be the infinite which evolves continuously so that it generates different kinds of objects and organisms that make up the world
  38. he envisaged a world-encompassing mind
  39. means infinite
  40. they regarded the concept of discete invisible units, mediated between what is abstract and what is concrete
    Leucippus and Democritus
  41. he argues that a person cannot posses the truth but can only strive for it
  42. he believed that the ultimate goal of all human action was good and justice
  43. An intelligent man is a ___ man; and a wise man is a ___ man
    • good
    • virtuous
  44. he believed that all objects in this world are copies of ideal forms that exists in an unchanging world, beyond time and space
  45. 3 parts of soul according to plato
    • rational
    • appetitive
    • spiritual
  46. 3 types of people in the society (according to the allegory of the cave)
    • gossip believers
    • those that realize the real
    • those who believe the people who realized the real
  47. he believed that the only world man could be certain was the one he lived in
  48. Aristotle decided that all things have two qualities -- ___ and ___
    • matter
    • form
  49. ___ alone exists as perfect form without matter
  50. he believed that there is dichotomy between the body and soul
  51. he claimed that there is no dichotomy between body and soul
  52. the body is the matter of the soul and the soul is the form of the body
  53. he viewed man as a rational animal
  54. 3 kinds of soul according to aristotle
    • vegetative
    • sensitive
    • rational
  55. capable of feeding, growing, and reproducing
  56. capable of feeding, growing, reproducing and has feelings
  57. capable of thinking, reasoning and willing
  58. Aristotle believes that the rational faculty of man achieves its excellence or perfection through the exercise of ___
  59. moral virtue is the result of ___
  60. he maintains that man is created in the image of God
    St. Agustine
  61. he claimed that human nature is basically good, however, tainted by man's wrong use of his God-given freedom
    St. Agustine
  62. he said that salvation is possible through the church and her sacraments
    St. Agustine
  63. like Aristotle, he argues that man is a substantial union of the body and soul
    St. Thomas Aquinas
  64. notable and varied views relative to the issue of human nature
    • encyclopedic view
    • economic view
    • scientific view
    • scholastic view
    • secular/mundane views
  65. by Confucius and Mencius -- Nature of Man - Good
    Encyclopedic view
  66. happiness in the context of material abundance
    economic view
  67. By Karl Popper
    Scientific View
  68. 3 worlds in the scientific view
    • physical
    • internal
    • social
  69. bodily existence
  70. locus of ideas, thoughts and emotions
  71. man's social relations/intersubjectivity
  72. By St. Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas
    Scholastic View
  73. 2 world in the scholastic view
    • spiritual world
    • physical/material world
  74. part of the world and lives among entities in the world
    physical/ material world
  75. Secular/Mundane views (by)
    • Descartes
    • Marx
    • Freud
    • Darwin
    • Teilhard de Chardin
    • Eastern Philosophers
Card Set:
Philosophy 1
2014-11-30 19:49:11
Philosophy Short Quiz
Short Quiz #1
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