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in spite of
- The player continued in the game despite his injuries.
- Despite being shy, Ted signed up to audition on American Idol.
- We won the game by a shutout despite the fact that our team got only three hits.
; cause to break down 2
- Pam's clowning disrupted1 the class every day.
- The storm disrupted2 the telephone lines throughout the area.
- The collapse* of the government disrupted the services we took for granted, such as mail delivery
a breaking out with many small red spots on the skin1
; outbreak of many instances within a short time2
: too hasty or careless3
- a. The report of a rash2 of burglaries in the neighborhood was exaggerated.*
- b. Poison ivy causes a rash1.
- c. It is rash3 to threaten an action you cannot carry out.
very quick; swift
- We took a rapid walk around the camp before breakfast.
- If you work rapidly you can complete the test in twenty minutes .
- The response* to the surprise attack was a rapid retreat.
empty completely; use up; tire out
- To exhaust the city's water supply would be a calamity.*
- The long climb to the top of the mountain exhausted our strength.
- If we continue to squander* our money recklessly,* our treasury will soon be exhausted.
- The severity1 of the teacher was not appreciated by the pupils until they reached the final examinations.
- The severity 2 of the Black Plague can be imagined from the fact that thirty percent of the population* died.
- Rosita complained to the principal about the severity 3 of the punishment that the Student Court gave to her.
- We heard a feeble cry from the exhausted* child.
- The guide* made a feeble attempt to explain why he had taken the wrong turn.
- The feeble old man collapsed* on the sidewalk.
join together; become one
- The thirteen colonies united to form one country.
- Matrimony* united two famous Virginia families.
- America and Russia were united against a common enemy in World War II.
- Cease trying to do more than you can.
- The whispering in the audience ceased when the curtain went up.
- When you cease making war, you can then begin to pacify* the small villages the enemy controls.
saving; careful in spending; thriving
- By being thrifty, Miss Benson managed to get along on her small income.
- A thrifty person knows that squandering* money can lead to financial* calamity.*
- By thrifty use of their supplies, the shipwrecked sailors were able to survive* for weeks.
stingy; like a miser
- Being miserly with our natural resources will help us to live longer on this earth.
- A miserly person rarely* has any friends.
- Silas Marner abandoned* his miserly habits when Eppie came into his life.
king or queen; ruler
- There are few modern nations that are governed by monarchs.
- The monarchs of ancient Rome considered themselves descendants* of the gods.
- Men sometimes believe that they are monarchs in their own homes.
; an outcast2
; a criminal3
; to declare unlawful4
- Congress has outlawed4 the sale of certain drugs.
- The best-known outlaw3 of the American West was Jesse James.
- An animal that is cast out by the rest of the pack is known as an outlaw1.
raise in rank or importance1
; help to grow and develop2
; help to organize 3
- Students who pass the test will be promoted2 to the next grade.
- An accurate* knowledge of other cultures will promote1 good will among people of different backgrounds.
- Several bankers invested an enormous* sum of money to promote3 the idea.
not sufficiently fed
- The undernourished child was so feeble* he could hardly walk.
- There is evidence* that even wealthy people are undernourished because they do not eat sufficient quantities* of healthful foods.
- An infant who drinks enough milk will not be undernourished.
make clear or explain by stories, examples, comparisons, or other means; serve as an example
- To illustrate how the heart sends blood around the body, the teacher described how a pump works.
- This exhibit* will illustrate the many uses of atomic energy.
- These stories illustrate Mark Twain's serious side.
uncover; make known
- The lifting of the curtain disclosed a beautiful winter scene.
- This letter discloses the source* of his fortune.
- Samson, reclining* in the arms of Delilah, disclosed that the secret of his strength was in his long hair.
too much; too great; extreme
- Pollution* of the atmosphere is an excessive price to pay for so-called progress.
- Numerous* attempts have been made to outlaw* jet planes that make excessive noise.
- The inhabitants* of Arizona are unaccustomed* to excessive rarn.
an event that causes much suffering or loss; a great misfortune
- The hurricane's violent* winds brought disaster to the coastal town.
- The San Francisco earthquake and the Chicago fire are two of the greatest disasters in American history.
- The coach considered* the captain's injury a disaster for the team.
person who tells others how they ought to behave; one who changes books, plays and other works so as to make them acceptable to the government; to make changes in
- Some governments, national and local, censor books.
- The censor felt that fiction* as well as other books should receive the stamp of approval before they were put on sale.
- Any mention of the former prime minister was outlawed* by the censor.
offender; person guilty of a fault or crime
- Who is the culprit who has eaten all the strawberries?
- The police caught the culprit with the stolen articles in his car.
- In the Sherlock Holmes story, the culprit turned out to be a snake.
young; youthful; of or for boys and girls; a young person
- My sister is known in the family as a juvenile delinquent.*
- Paula is still young enough to wear juvenile fashions.
- Ellen used to devour* "Cinderella" and other stories for juveniles.
anything, especially food, used to attract fish or other animals so that they may be caught; anything used to tempt or attract a person to begin something he or she does not wish to do; to put bait on (a hook) or in (a trap); torment by unkind or annoying remarks
- The secret of successful trout fishing is finding the right bait.
- How can you expect to bait Mike into running for the class presidency when he has already refused every appeal?*
- Eddie is a good hunter because he knows the merit* of each kind of bait for the different animals.
keep firmly to some demand, statement, or position
- Mother insists that we do our homework before we start sending e-mails.
- She insisted that Sal was not jealous* of his twin brother.
- The doctor insisted that Marian get plenty of rest after the operatio
hard work; to work hard; move with difficulty
The feeble* old man toiled up the hill.
- After years of toil, scientists disclosed* that they had made progress in controlling the dreaded* disease.
- Despite* all his toil, Fred never succeeded in reaching his goal.
stupid mistake; to make a stupid mistake; stumble; say clumsily
- The exhausted* boy blundered through the woods.
- Bert's awkward* apology* could not make up for his serious blunder.
- The general's blunder forced his army to a rapid* retreat
- The severity* of the blow dazed the fighter and led to his defeat.
- When he ventured* out of the house at night, the child was dazed by the noise and the lights.
- Dazed by the flashlight, Maria blundered* down the steps.
grieve; feel or show sorrow for
- Sandra did not cease* to mourn for john Lennon.
- The entire city mourned for the people lost in the calamity.*
- We need not mourn over trifles.*
sink to a lower level; grow less
- After the excessive* rains stopped, the flood waters subsided.
- The waves subsided when the winds ceased* to blow.
- Danny's anger subsided when the culprit* apologized.*
cripple; disable; cause to lose an arm, leg, or other part ofthe body
- Auto accidents maim many persons each year.
- Though he went through an awesome* experience in the crash, Fred was not seriously maimed.
- Car manufacturers insist* that seat belts can prevent the maiming of passengers in the event of a crash.
- If you can use a word correctly, there is a good chance that you comprehend it.
- You need not be a pauper* to comprehend fully what hunger is.
- My parents say that they cannot comprehend today's music.
praise; hand over for safekeeping
- Everyone commended the mayor's thrifty* suggestion.
- Florence commended the baby to her aunt's care.
- The truth is that we all like to be commended for good work.
coming last; deciding
- The final week of the term is rapidly* approaching.
- Jose was commended* for his improvement in the final test.
- The final censor* of our actions is our own conscience.
make free from; freed from
- Our school exempts bright pupils from final* exams.
- School property is exempt from most taxes.
- Juvenile* offenders are not exempt from punishment.
having too much pride in one's ability, looks, etc.; of no use
- Josephine is quite vain about her beauty.
- To be perfectly frank, I do not see what she has to be vain about.
- Brian made numerous* vain attempts to reach the doctor by telephone.
act of doing or saying again
- The repetition of new words in this book will help you to learn them.
- Any repetition of such unruly* behavior will be punished.
- After a repetition of his costly mistake, Jerry was fired from his job.