PSYH 151-Chapter 16

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PSYH 151-Chapter 16
2014-11-30 12:18:16
PSYH 151 Chapter 15
PSYH 151
PSYH 151-Chapter 15
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  1. Drugs used primarily in the treatment of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders; they are often used off label and inappropriately for other disorders such as dementia and impulsive aggresiveness
    antipsychotic drugs
  2. drugs used primarily in the treatment of mood disorders, especially depression and anxiety
    antidepressant drugs
  3. Drugs commonly prescribed for patients who complain of unhappiness, anxiety, or worry
  4. A drug frequently given to people suffering from bipolar disorder
    Lithium carbonate
  5. The apparent success of a medication or treatment due to the patient's expectations or hopes rather than to the drug or treatment itself
    Placebo effect
  6. A procedure used in cases of prolonged and sever major depression, in which a brief brain seizure is induced
    electroconvulsive therapy
  7. A theory of personality and a method of psychotherapy, developed by Sigmund Freud, that emphasizes the exploration of unconscious motives and conflicts
  8. In psychodynamic therapies, a critical process in which the client transfers unconscious emotions or reactions, such as emotional feelings abut his or her parents, onto the therapist
  9. A form of therapy that applies principles of classical and operant conditioning to help people change self-defeating or problematic behaviors
    Behavior therapy
  10. In behavior therapy, a method in which a person suffering from a phobia or panic attacks is gradually taken into the feared situation or exposed to a traumatic memory until the anxiety subsudes
    graduated exposure
  11. In behavior therapy, a form of exposure treatment in which the client is taken directly into a feared situation until his or her panic subsides
  12. In behavior therapy, a step-by-step process of desensitizing a client to a feared object or experience; it is based on the classical-conditioning procedure of counterconditioning
    Systematic desensitization
  13. In behavior therapy, a method of keeping careful data on the frequency  and consequences of the behavior to be charged
    Behavioral self-monitioring
  14. In behavior therapy, an effort to teach the client skills that he or she may lack, as well as new constructive behaviors to replace self-defeating ones
    Skills training
  15. A form of therapy designed to identify and change irrational, unproductive ways of thinking and, hence, to reduce negative emotions
    cognitive therapy
  16. A form of cognitive therapy devised by Albert Ellis, designed to challenge the client's unrealistic thoughts
    Rational Emotive Behavior therapy
  17. A form of psychotherapy based on the philosophy of humanism, which emphasizes personal growth, resilience, the achievement of human potential, and the clients ability to change rather that being designed to repeat past conflicts
    Humanist therapy
  18. A humanist approach, devised by Carl Rogers, which emphasizes the therapist's empathy with the client and the use of unconditional positive regard
    Client centered (nondirective) therapy
  19. A form of therapy designed to help clients explore the meaning of existence and face the great questions on life, such as death, freedom, alienation, and loneliness
    Existential therapy
  20. An approach to doing therapy with individuals or families by identifying how each family member forms part of a larger interacting system
    Family-systems perspective
  21. The bond of confidence and mutual understanding established between therapist and client, which allows them to work together to solve the client's problems
    Therapeutic Alliance
  22. Research designed to determine the effectiveness of a new medication or form of therapy, in which people with a given problem or disorder are randomly assigned to one or more treatment groups or to a control group
    Randomized controlled trials