What type of general observations should you be making before you begin your clinical examination?
You should be making observations about demeanour, posture and gait, mentation and body condition.
What does BAR and QAR stand for?
Bright, alert and responsive
Quiet, alert and responsive
What type of body condition scoring system is commonly used in small animals?
1-9 scale where 1=cachexia, 5= ideal weight and 9=grossly overweight
How should you approach a dog during a consultation?
Be calm and confident. Close your fist and allow the dog to sniff the back of your hand. It is better to scratch them under the chin rather than over the head as they see this as trying to dominate them. With timid dogs talk to the owner and ignore them so that the dog gets used to you and sees that the owner trusts you.
How should you approach a cat during a consultation?
Talk to them and stroke the firmly - this is calming whereas light petting is annoying. Need to be extremely organised during cat exams so have all your equipment read. Complete the consultation as quickly as possible. Some cats may need to be sedated to examine them.
What are you looking for when examining the head?
What are you looking for when you examine the nose?