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person who enters any service of his or her own free will; to offer one's services
- The draft has been abolished* and replaced by a volunteer army.
- Terry did not hesitate* to volunteer for the most difficult jobs.
- The boys were reluctant* to volunteer their services to help clean up after the dance.
an opinion formed without taking time and care to judge fairly; to harm or injure .
- Prejudice against minority* groups will linger* on as long as people ignore* the facts.
- Eliminating* prejudice should be among the first concerns of a democracy.
- The witness's weird* behavior prejudiced Nancy's case.
having a high pitch; high and sharp in sound; piercing
- Despite* their small size, crickets make very shrill noises.
- The shrill whistle of the policeman was warning enough for the fugitive* to stop in his tracks.
- A shrill torrent* of insults poured from the mouth of the shrieking* woman.
merry; full of fun
- The jolly old man, an admitted bigamist,* had forgotten to mention his first wife to his new spouse.*
- When the jolly laughter subsided,* the pirates began the serious business of dividing the gold.
- Are you aware* that a red-suited gentleman with a jolly twinkle in his eyes is stuck in the chimney?
- Mr. Carlson's witty introduction qualifies* him as a first-rate speaker.
- Fay is too slow to appreciate such witty remarks.
- The lawyer tried to prosecute* the case by being witty and thereby entertaining the jury.
hold back; make hard to do
- Deep mud hindered travel in urban* centers. The storm hindered the pursuit* of the fleeing* prisoners.
- Mona's gloomy* nature hinders her relationships with other people.
speech or planned talk; a scolding; to scold
- Rarely* have I heard a lecture with such clear illustrations.*
- Henry's father lectured him on the awesome* perils* of drug addiction.*
- A famous journalist* delivered a lecture on prejudice* in the press.
make bad use of; use wrongly; treat badly; scold very severely; bad or wrong use; bad treatment
- Those who abuse the privileges of the honor system will be penalized.*
- The editor* apologized* for the abuse we had suffered as a result of his article.
- Brutal* abuse of children in the orphanage was disclosed* by the investigation.
- Ricky mumbled his awkward* apology.*
- This speech course will encourage* you to stop mumbling and to speak more distinctly.
- When the witness continued to mumble, the judge asked him to speak up.
silent; unable to speak
- The usually defiant* child stood mute before the principal.
- People are no longer willing to remain mute on the subject of abuse* of gun control.
- The horror of the famine* left the inhabitants* of the land mute with their tragic* memories.
small, soft mass; to roll or crush into a small mass
- To decrease* the effects of the pressure, the diver put wads of cotton in his ears.
- The officer challenged* George to explain the wad of fifty dollars which he had in his pocket.
- Because the automatic firing mechanism was defective,* the hunter had to wad the powder into the gun by hand.
keep; remember; employ by payment of a fee
- Despite* her lack* of funds Mrs. Reilly retained a detective* to follow her spouse*
- China dishes have the unique* quality* of retaining heat longer than metal pans.
- Like the majority* of people, I can retain the tune but not the words of a song
person who is proposed for some office or honor
- We can have a maximum* of four candidates for the office of president.
- Each candidate for mayor seemed confident* he would be victorious.*
- Derek Jeter is a candidate for baseball's Hall of Fame.
go before; come before; be higher in rank or importance
- Lyndon Johnson preceded Richard Nixon as president.
- In a gallant* gesture, Ronnie allowed Amanda's name to precede his in the program listing.
- A prominent* speaker preceded the ceremony of the granting of the diplomas.
growing up to manhood or womanhood; youthful; a person. from about 13 to 22 years of age
- In his adolescent years, the candidate* claimed, he had undergone many hardships.*
- There is a fiction* abroad* that every adolescent is opposed to tradition.*
- Our annual rock festival attracts* thousands of adolescents.
having to do with educating both sexes in the same school
- There has been a massive* shift to coeducational schools.
- Coeducational institutions, once thought to have a disruptive* effect, have been found to be beneficial.*
- In choosing a college, Ned leans toward schools that are coeducational.
going to the root; fundamental; extreme; person with extreme opinions
- The tendency* to be vicious* and cruel is a radical fault.
- We observe that the interest in radical views is beginning to subside.*
- Because Richard was a radical, the Conservative Party would not accept him as a candidate.*
of one's own free will; natural; on the spur of the moment; without rehearsal
- The vast* crowd burst into spontaneous cheering at the skillful play.
- Be cautious* with these oily rags because they can break out in spontaneous flame.
- William's spontaneous resentment* at the mention of his sister was noted by the observant* teacher.
remove from the top; move lightly (over); glide along; read hastily or carelessly
- This soup will be more nourishing* if you skim offthe fat.
- I caught a glimpse* of Mark and Marge skimming over the ice.
- Detective Corby, assigned to the homicide,* was skimming through the victim's book of addresses.
inoculate with vaccine as a protection against smallpox and other diseases
- There has been a radical* decline in polio since doctors began to vaccinate children with the Salk vaccine.
- The general population* has accepted the need to vaccinate children against the once-dreaded* disease.
- Numerous* examples persist* of people who have neglected* to have their infants vaccinated.
not neat; not in order
- The bachelor's* quarters* were most untidy.
- We must start a cleanup campaign to keep the campus* from being so untidy.
- Finding the house in such an untidy condition baffled* us.
container or tool used for practical purposes
- Several utensils were untidily* tossed about the kitchen.
- Edward's baggage* contained all the utensils he would need on the camping trip.
- Some people are so old-fashioned that they reject* the use of any modern utensil.
receiving impressions readily; easily affected or influenced; easily hurt or offended
- The eye is sensitive to light.
- From the experiment we may conclude~ that mercury in a thermometer is sensitive to changes in temperature.
- James is sensitive about his wretched* handwriting.
not very hot and not very cold; moderate
- The United States is mostly in the North Temperate Zone
- All students received the appeal* to be temperate and not to jump to conclusions* in judging the new grading system.
- Mrs. Rollins commended* her class for their temperate attitude when she announced the extra assignment.
not definite; not clear; not distinct
- Joe's position was vague because he wanted to remain neutral* in the dispute.*
- When asked her opinion, Gladys was tactful* enough to give a vague answer that did not hurt anyone.
- The vague shape in the distance proved to be nothing more weird* than a group of trees.
raise; lift up
- Private Carbo was elevated to higher rank for his valor.*
- Reading a variety* of good books elevates the mind.
- The candidate* spoke from an elevated platform.
a scheme for distributing prizes by lot or chance
- The merit* of a lottery is that everyone has an equal chance.
- We thought that a lottery was an absurd* way of deciding who should be the team captain.
- The rash* young man claimed the lottery prize only to find he had misread his number.
money matters; to provide money for
- The new employee* boasted of his skill in finance.
- Frank circulated* the rumor that his uncle would finance his way through college.
- Mrs. Giles retained* a lawyer to handle her finances.
get; be in use
- An adolescent* is finding it increasingly difficult to obtain a good job without a diploma.
- David obtained accurate* information about college from his guidance counselor.
- Because this is a coeducational* school, different rules obtain here.
- Censors* have developed a rating system for the cinema.
- Today's cinema is full of homicides* and violence.*
- A best-seller is often the source* of cinema stories.
happening; important happening; result or outcome; one item in a program of sports
- The greatest event in Ellie's life was winning the $1,000,000 lottery.*
- We chose our seat carefully and then awaited the shot put event.
- There is merit* in gaining wisdom even after the event.
- Anna casually* discarded one boyfriend after another.
- Confident* that he held a winning hand, Slim refused to discard anything.
- Asked why he had discarded his family traditions,* Mr. Menzel remained mute.*
fly upward or at a great height; aspire
- We watched the soaring eagle skim* over the mountain peak.
- An ordinary man cannot comprehend* such soaring ambition.
- The senator's hopes for victory soared after his television appearance.
later; following; coming after
- Subsequent events* proved that Sloan was right.
- Further explanations will be presented in subsequent lectures.*
- Though the enemy forces resisted* at first, they subsequently learned that their efforts were in vain.*
tell; give an account of; connect in thought or meaning
- The traveler related his adventures with some exaggeration.*
- After viewing the cinema's* latest show, the observant* student was able to relate every detail.
- Would you say that misfortune* is related to carelessness?
having a fixed station or place; standing still; not moving; not changing in size, number or activity
- A factory engine is stationary.
- The population* of our town has been stationary for a decade.*
- Caught in the middle of traffic, the frightened pedestrian* remained stationary in the busy street.