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  1. volunteer
    person who enters any service of his or her own free will; to offer one's services

    • The draft has been abolished* and replaced by a volunteer army.
    • Terry did not hesitate* to volunteer for the most difficult jobs.
    • The boys were reluctant* to volunteer their services to help clean up after the dance.
  2. prejudice
    an opinion formed without taking time and care to judge fairly; to harm or injure .

    • Prejudice against minority* groups will linger* on as long as people ignore* the facts.
    • Eliminating* prejudice should be among the first concerns of a democracy.
    • The witness's weird* behavior prejudiced Nancy's case.
  3. shrill
    having a high pitch; high and sharp in sound; piercing

    • Despite* their small size, crickets make very shrill noises.
    • The shrill whistle of the policeman was warning enough for the fugitive* to stop in his tracks.
    • A shrill torrent* of insults poured from the mouth of the shrieking* woman.
  4. jolly
    merry; full of fun

    • The jolly old man, an admitted bigamist,* had forgotten to mention his first wife to his new spouse.*
    • When the jolly laughter subsided,* the pirates began the serious business of dividing the gold.
    • Are you aware* that a red-suited gentleman with a jolly twinkle in his eyes is stuck in the chimney?
  5. witty
    cleverly amusing

    • Mr. Carlson's witty introduction qualifies* him as a first-rate speaker.
    • Fay is too slow to appreciate such witty remarks.
    • The lawyer tried to prosecute* the case by being witty and thereby entertaining the jury.
  6. hinder
    hold back; make hard to do

    • Deep mud hindered travel in urban* centers. The storm hindered the pursuit* of the fleeing* prisoners.
    • Mona's gloomy* nature hinders her relationships with other people.
  7. lecture
    speech or planned talk; a scolding; to scold

    • Rarely* have I heard a lecture with such clear illustrations.*
    • Henry's father lectured him on the awesome* perils* of drug addiction.*
    • A famous journalist* delivered a lecture on prejudice* in the press.
  8. abuse
    make bad use of; use wrongly; treat badly; scold very severely; bad or wrong use; bad treatment

    • Those who abuse the privileges of the honor system will be penalized.*
    • The editor* apologized* for the abuse we had suffered as a result of his article.
    • Brutal* abuse of children in the orphanage was disclosed* by the investigation.
  9. mumble
    speak indistinctly

    • Ricky mumbled his awkward* apology.*
    • This speech course will encourage* you to stop mumbling and to speak more distinctly.
    • When the witness continued to mumble, the judge asked him to speak up.
  10. mute
    silent; unable to speak

    • The usually defiant* child stood mute before the principal.
    • People are no longer willing to remain mute on the subject of abuse* of gun control.
    • The horror of the famine* left the inhabitants* of the land mute with their tragic* memories.
  11. wad
    small, soft mass; to roll or crush into a small mass

    • To decrease* the effects of the pressure, the diver put wads of cotton in his ears.
    • The officer challenged* George to explain the wad of fifty dollars which he had in his pocket.
    • Because the automatic firing mechanism was defective,* the hunter had to wad the powder into the gun by hand.
  12. retain
    keep; remember; employ by payment of a fee

    • Despite* her lack* of funds Mrs. Reilly retained a detective* to follow her spouse*
    • China dishes have the unique* quality* of retaining heat longer than metal pans.
    • Like the majority* of people, I can retain the tune but not the words of a song
  13. candidate
    person who is proposed for some office or honor

    • We can have a maximum* of four candidates for the office of president.
    • Each candidate for mayor seemed confident* he would be victorious.*
    • Derek Jeter is a candidate for baseball's Hall of Fame.
  14. precede
    go before; come before; be higher in rank or importance

    • Lyndon Johnson preceded Richard Nixon as president.
    • In a gallant* gesture, Ronnie allowed Amanda's name to precede his in the program listing.
    • A prominent* speaker preceded the ceremony of the granting of the diplomas.
  15. adolescent
    growing up to manhood or womanhood; youthful; a person. from about 13 to 22 years of age

    • In his adolescent years, the candidate* claimed, he had undergone many hardships.*
    • There is a fiction* abroad* that every adolescent is opposed to tradition.*
    • Our annual rock festival attracts* thousands of adolescents.
  16. coeducational
    having to do with educating both sexes in the same school

    • There has been a massive* shift to coeducational schools.
    • Coeducational institutions, once thought to have a disruptive* effect, have been found to be beneficial.*
    • In choosing a college, Ned leans toward schools that are coeducational.
  17. radical
    going to the root; fundamental; extreme; person with extreme opinions

    • The tendency* to be vicious* and cruel is a radical fault.
    • We observe that the interest in radical views is beginning to subside.*
    • Because Richard was a radical, the Conservative Party would not accept him as a candidate.*
  18. spontaneous
    of one's own free will; natural; on the spur of the moment; without rehearsal

    • The vast* crowd burst into spontaneous cheering at the skillful play.
    • Be cautious* with these oily rags because they can break out in spontaneous flame.
    • William's spontaneous resentment* at the mention of his sister was noted by the observant* teacher.
  19. skim
    remove from the top; move lightly (over); glide along; read hastily or carelessly

    • This soup will be more nourishing* if you skim offthe fat.
    • I caught a glimpse* of Mark and Marge skimming over the ice.
    • Detective Corby, assigned to the homicide,* was skimming through the victim's book of addresses.
  20. vaccinate
    inoculate with vaccine as a protection against smallpox and other diseases

    • There has been a radical* decline in polio since doctors began to vaccinate children with the Salk vaccine.
    • The general population* has accepted the need to vaccinate children against the once-dreaded* disease.
    • Numerous* examples persist* of people who have neglected* to have their infants vaccinated.
  21. untidy
    not neat; not in order

    • The bachelor's* quarters* were most untidy.
    • We must start a cleanup campaign to keep the campus* from being so untidy.
    • Finding the house in such an untidy condition baffled* us.
  22. utensil
    container or tool used for practical purposes

    • Several utensils were untidily* tossed about the kitchen.
    • Edward's baggage* contained all the utensils he would need on the camping trip.
    • Some people are so old-fashioned that they reject* the use of any modern utensil.
  23. sensitive
    receiving impressions readily; easily affected or influenced; easily hurt or offended

    • The eye is sensitive to light.
    • From the experiment we may conclude~ that mercury in a thermometer is sensitive to changes in temperature.
    • James is sensitive about his wretched* handwriting.
  24. temperate
    not very hot and not very cold; moderate

    • The United States is mostly in the North Temperate Zone
    • All students received the appeal* to be temperate and not to jump to conclusions* in judging the new grading system.
    • Mrs. Rollins commended* her class for their temperate attitude when she announced the extra assignment.
  25. vague
    not definite; not clear; not distinct

    • Joe's position was vague because he wanted to remain neutral* in the dispute.*
    • When asked her opinion, Gladys was tactful* enough to give a vague answer that did not hurt anyone.
    • The vague shape in the distance proved to be nothing more weird* than a group of trees.
  26. elevate
    raise; lift up

    • Private Carbo was elevated to higher rank for his valor.*
    • Reading a variety* of good books elevates the mind.
    • The candidate* spoke from an elevated platform.
  27. lottery
    a scheme for distributing prizes by lot or chance

    • The merit* of a lottery is that everyone has an equal chance.
    • We thought that a lottery was an absurd* way of deciding who should be the team captain.
    • The rash* young man claimed the lottery prize only to find he had misread his number.
  28. finance
    money matters; to provide money for

    • The new employee* boasted of his skill in finance.
    • Frank circulated* the rumor that his uncle would finance his way through college.
    • Mrs. Giles retained* a lawyer to handle her finances.
  29. obtain
    get; be in use

    • An adolescent* is finding it increasingly difficult to obtain a good job without a diploma.
    • David obtained accurate* information about college from his guidance counselor.
    • Because this is a coeducational* school, different rules obtain here.
  30. cinema
    moving picture

    • Censors* have developed a rating system for the cinema.
    • Today's cinema is full of homicides* and violence.*
    • A best-seller is often the source* of cinema stories.
  31. event
    happening; important happening; result or outcome; one item in a program of sports

    • The greatest event in Ellie's life was winning the $1,000,000 lottery.*
    • We chose our seat carefully and then awaited the shot put event.
    • There is merit* in gaining wisdom even after the event.
  32. discard
    throw aside

    • Anna casually* discarded one boyfriend after another.
    • Confident* that he held a winning hand, Slim refused to discard anything.
    • Asked why he had discarded his family traditions,* Mr. Menzel remained mute.*
  33. soar
    fly upward or at a great height; aspire

    • We watched the soaring eagle skim* over the mountain peak.
    • An ordinary man cannot comprehend* such soaring ambition.
    • The senator's hopes for victory soared after his television appearance.
  34. subsequent
    later; following; coming after

    • Subsequent events* proved that Sloan was right.
    • Further explanations will be presented in subsequent lectures.*
    • Though the enemy forces resisted* at first, they subsequently learned that their efforts were in vain.*
  35. relate
    tell; give an account of; connect in thought or meaning

    • The traveler related his adventures with some exaggeration.*
    • After viewing the cinema's* latest show, the observant* student was able to relate every detail.
    • Would you say that misfortune* is related to carelessness?
  36. stationary
    having a fixed station or place; standing still; not moving; not changing in size, number or activity

    • A factory engine is stationary.
    • The population* of our town has been stationary for a decade.*
    • Caught in the middle of traffic, the frightened pedestrian* remained stationary in the busy street.

Card Set Information

2014-11-30 20:37:25
504 absolutely essential words
504 absolutely essential words
504 absolutely essential words
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