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2014-11-30 17:02:52
504 absolutely essential words
504 absolutely essential words
504 absolutely essential words
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  1. unearth
    dig up; discover; find out

    • The digging of the scientists unearthed a buried city.
    • A plot to defraud* the investors was unearthed by the F.B.I.
    • The museum exhibited* the vase that had been unearthed in Greece.
  2. depart
    go away; leave; turn away (from); change; die

    • We arrived in the village in the morning and departed that night.
    • Stan was vague* about departing from his usual manner of choosing a partner.
    • Vera was reluctant* to mention that her uncle had long since departed.
  3. coincide
    occupy the same place in space; occupy the same time; correspond exactly; agree

    • If these triangles were placed one on top of the other, they would coincide.
    • Because Pete's and Jim's working hours coincide, and they live in the same vicinity,* they depart* from their homes at the same time.
    • My verdict* on the film coincides with Adele's.
  4. cancel
    cross out; mark so that it cannot be used; wipe out; call off

    • The stamp was only partially* canceled.
    • Because the first shipment contained defective* parts, Mr. Zweben canceled the rest of the order.
    • Having found just the right man for the job, Captain Mellides canceled all further interviews.
  5. debtor
    person who owes something to another

    • If I borrow a dollar from you, I am your debtor.
    • As a debtor who had received many favors from the banker, Mr. Mertz was reluctant* to testify against him.
    • A gloomy* debtor's prison was once the fate of those who could not repay their loans
  6. legible
    able to be read; easy to read; plain and clear

    • Julia's handwriting is beautiful and legible.
    • Nancy hesitated* in her reading because the words were scarcely* legible.
    • Our teacher penalizes* us for compositions that are not legible.
  7. placard
    a notice to be posted in a public place; poster

    • Colorful placards announced an urgent* meeting.
    • Placards were placed throughout the neighborhood by rival* groups.
    • Numerous* placards appeared around the city calling for volunteers.*
  8. contagious
    spreading by contact, easily spreading from one to another

    • Scarlet fever is contagious.
    • I find that yawning is often contagious. ¬†
    • Interest in the project was contagious, and soon all opposition to it collapsed.*
  9. clergy
    persons prepared for religious work; clergymen as a group

    • We try never to hinder* the clergy as they perform their sacred* tasks
    • Friar Tuck was a member of the clergy who loved a jolly* jest.*
    • The majority* of the clergy felt the new morality* was a menace* to society.
  10. customary

    • It was customary for wealthy Romans to recline* while they were dining.
    • The Robin Williams movie received the customary rave* reviews from the critics.
    • The traitor* rejected* the customary blindfold for the execution
  11. transparent
    easily seen through; clear

    • Window glass is transparent.
    • Colonel Thomas is a man of transparent honesty and loyalty.*
    • The homicide* was a transparent case of jealousy* that got out of hand.
  12. scald
    pour boiling liquid over; burn with hot liquid or steam; heat almost to the boiling point

    • Do not neglect* to scald the dishes before drying them.
    • The scalding lava pouring from the mountain placed everyone in peril.
    • By being hasty,* Stella scalded her hand
  13. epidemic
    an outbreak of a disease that spreads rapidly* so that many people have it at the same time; widespread

    • All of the schools in the city were closed during the epidemic.
    • The depiction* ofviolence* in the movies has reached epidemic proportions.
    • During the epidemic we were forbidden* to drink water unless it had been boiled.
  14. obesity
    extreme fatness

    • Obesity is considered* a serious disease.
    • The salesman tactfully* referred* to Jack's obesity as "stoutness."
    • At the medical convention the topic* discussed was the prevention of childhood obesity.
  15. magnify
    cause to look larger than it really is; make too much of; go beyond the truth in telling

    • A microscope* is a magnifying glass.
    • It seems that Mr. Steinmetz magnified the importance of the document* in his possession.
    • Some people have a tendency* to magnify every minor* fault in others.
  16. chiropractor
    a person who treats ailments by massage and manipulation of the vertebrae and other forms of therapy on the theory* that disease results from interference with the normal functioning of the nervous system

    • The chiropractor tried to relieve* the pain by manipulating* the spinal column.
    • Mrs. Lehrer confirmed* that a chiropractor had been treating her.
    • The chiropractor recommended hot baths between treatments.
  17. obstacle
    anything that gets in the way or hinders; impediment; obstruction

    • The soldiers were compelled* to get over such obstacles as ditches and barbed wire.
    • Ignorance* is an obstacle to progress.
    • Prejudice* is often an obstacle to harmony* among people.
  18. ventilate
    change the air in; purify by fresh air; discuss openly

    • We ventilated the kitchen by opening the windows.
    • The lungs ventilate the blood.
    • There is merit* in ventilating the topic* of the prom before the entire senior class.
  19. jeopardize
    risk; endanger

    • Soldiers jeopardize their lives in war.
    • Mr. Marcos revised* his opinion of police officers after two of them had jeopardized their lives to save his drowning child.
    • Though it jeopardized his chance for a promotion,* Mr. Rafael ventured* to criticize his boss.
  20. negative
    saying no; minus; showing the lights and shadows reversed

    • The captain gave a negative response* to the request for a leave.
    • Three below zero is a negative quantity.*
    • A negative image is used to print a positive picture.
  21. pension
    regular payment that is not wages; to make such a payment

    • Pensions are often paid because of long service, special merit,* or injuries received.
    • The pension is calculated* on the basis of your last year's income.
    • Mrs. Colby pensioned off her employee after thirty years of loyal* service.
  22. vital
    having to do with life; necessary to life; causing death, failure or ruin; lively

    • We must preserve* and protect our vital resources.
    • Eating is a vital function, the obese* man reminded me.
    • The valiant* soldier died of a vital wound in Iraq.
  23. municipal
    of a city or state; having something to do in the affairs of a city or town

    • The state police assisted the municipal police in putting down the riot.
    • ¬†There was only a mediocre* turnout for the municipal elections.
    • The municipal government placed a ban* on parking during business hours.
  24. oral
    spoken; using speech; of the mouth

    • An oral agreement is not enough; we must have a written promise.
    • Oral surgery is necessary to penetrate* to the diseased root.
    • His unique* oral powers made Lincoln a man to remember.
  25. complacent
    pleased with oneself; self-satisifed

    • Senator Troy denounced* the complacent attitude of the polluters* of our air.
    • How can you be complacent about such a menace?*
    • I was surprised that Martin was so complacent about his brief part in the play.
  26. wasp
    an insect with a slender* body and powerful sting

    • When the wasps descended* on the picnic, we ran in all directions.
    • A swarm* of wasps attacked us as we were reclining* on the porch.
    • The piercing* sting of a wasp can be very painful.
  27. rehabilitate
    restore to good condition; make over in a new form; restore to former standing, rank, reputation, etc.

    • The old house was rehabilitated at enormous* expense.
    • The former criminal completely rehabilitated himself and was respected by all.
    • This wing of the house must be rehabilitated promptly,* as there is a danger it will collapse.*
  28. parole
    word of honor; conditional freedom; to free (a prisoner) under certain conditions

    • The judge paroled the juvenile* offenders on condition that they report to him every three months.
    • Since the prisoner has been rehabilitated,* his family is exploring* the possibility* of having him paroled.
    • The fugitive* gave his parole not to try to escape again.
  29. vertical
    straight up and down with reference to the horizon, for example, a vertical line

    • It wasn't easy to get the drunken man into a vertical position.
    • The way to vote for your candidate* is to pull the lever from the horizontal position to the vertical position.
    • A circle surrounding a vertical line that ends in an inverted Vis the well-known peace symbol.*
  30. vertical
    straight up and down with reference to the horizon, for example, a vertical line

    • It wasn't easy to get the drunken man into a vertical position.
    • The way to vote for your candidate* is to pull the lever from the horizontal position to the vertical position.
    • A circle surrounding a vertical line that ends in an inverted Vis the well-known peace symbol.*
  31. nominate
    name as a candidate for office; appoint to an office

    • Three times Bryant was nominated for office but he was never elected.
    • The president nominated him for Secretary of State.
    • Though Danny was nominated last, he emerged* as the strongest candidate.*
  32. potential
    possibility* as opposed to actuality; capability of coming into being or action

    • Mark has the potential of being completely rehabilitated.*
    • The coach felt his team had the potential to reach the finals.*
    • Destroying nuclear weapons reduces a potential threat* to human survival.*
  33. morgue
    place where bodies of unknown persons found dead are kept; the reference library of a newspaper office

    • There is a slender* chance that we can identifY* the body in the morgue.
    • Bodies in the morgue are preserved* by low temperatures.
    • In the morgue of the New York Times there are biographies* of most famous people
  34. preoccupied
    took up all the attention

    • Getting to school in time for the test preoccupied Judy's mind.
    • My boss is always preoccupied with ways of cutting down on the workers' lateness.
    • Charity* cases preoccupied Mrs. Reynaldo's attention.
  35. upholstery
    coverings and cushions for furniture

    • Our old sofa was given new velvet upholstery.
    • The Browns' upholstery was so new that we were wary* about visiting them with the children.
    • One hundred eighty-five dollars was the estimate* for changing the upholstery on the dining-room chairs.
  36. indifference
    lack of interest, care, or attention

    • Allen's indifference to his schoolwork worried his parents.
    • It was a matter of indifference to Bernie whether the story circulating* about his engagement was true or not.
    • My father could not refrain* from commenting on Linda's indifference toward her brother's tears.
  37. maintain
    keep; keep up; carry on; uphold; support; declare to be true

    • Angelo maintained his hold on the jagged* rock though his fingers were becoming numb.*
    • The judge maintained his opinion that the verdict* was fair.
    • The pauper* was unable to maintain his family without the help of charity.*
  38. snub
    • treat coldly, scornfully, or with contempt; cold treatment
    • Darryl later apologized* to Sally for snubbing her at the dance.
    • Sandra was tormented* by the thought that she might be snubbed by her classmates.
    • I considered* it a rude snub when I was not invited to the party.
  39. endure
    last; keep on; undergo; bear; stand

    • How can you endure such disrespect?
    • The valiant* officer endured serious burns on September 11th.
    • Dr. Hardy was confident* he could endure the hardships* of space travel.
  40. wrath
    very great anger; rage

    • ¬†Anticipating* Father's wrath, we tried to give him the news slowly.
    • There is no rage* like the wrath of an angry bear.
    • After Ernie's wrath subsided,* we were able to tell him what happened.
  41. expose
    lay open; uncover; leave unprotected; show openly

    • Soldiers in an open field are exposed to the enemy's gunfire.
    • Foolish actions expose a person to the sneers* of others.
    • The article exposed the vital* document* as a forgery.
  42. legend
    story coming from the past, which many people have believed; what is written on a coin or below a picture

    • Stories about King Arthur and his knights are popular* legends.
    • legend has exaggerated* the size of Paul Bunyan.
    • The legend on the rare coin was scarcely* legible.*
  43. ponder
    consider carefully

    • Not wishing to act hastily,* the governor pondered the problem for days.
    • After pondering the question, the board decided to grant the parole.*
    • The villagers, faced with a famine,* pondered their next move.
  44. resign
    give up; yield; submit

    • Vito resigned his position as editor* of the school paper.
    • Upon hearing the news of the defeat, the football coach promptly* resigned.
    • Upon examining the injury, the chiropractor* told Jim he had better resign himself to a week in bed.
  45. drastic
    acting with force or violence*

    • The police took drastic measures to end the crime wave.
    • The most drastic changes in centuries* have taken place during our lifetime.
    • In the interests of justice,* drastic action must be taken.
  46. wharf
    platform built on the shore or out from the shore beside which ships can load or unload I

    • We watched the exhausted* laborers unloading the cargo on the wharf.
    • The lawyer insisted* that his client* was never seen near the wharf where the crime had taken place.
    • Waiting at the wharf for the supply ships to unload was a starving multitude* of people.
  47. amend
    change for the better; correct; change

    • It is time you amended your ways.
    • Each time they amended the plan, they made it worse.
    • Rather than amend the club's constitution again, let us discard* it and start afresh.
  48. ballot
    piece of paper used in voting; the whole number of votes cast; the method of secret voting; to vote or decide by using ballots

    • Clyde, confident* of victory, dropped his ballot into the box.
    • After we counted the ballots a second time, Leo's victory was confirmed.*
    • To avoid embarrassing the candidates,* we ballot instead of showing hands.