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the nonnegative square root of a number
PRINCIPLE SQUARE ROOT

two numbers are _____ if their greatest common factor is 1
RELATIVELY PRIME

a square of a whole number
PERFECT SQUARE

one of two numbers whose product is 1; also called a multiplicative inverse
RECIPIRCAL

the set of whole numbers and their opposites
INTEGERS

when a number is raised to a power, this is the number that is used as a factor
BASE

a method of writing very large or very small numbers by using powers of 10
SCIENTIFIC NOTATION

two numbers that are an equal distance from zero on a number line; also called additive inverse
OPPOSITES

a symbol used to represent a quantity that can change
VARIABLE

the property that states if you subtract the same number from both sides of an equation, the new equation will have the same solution
SUBTRACTION PROPERTY OF EQUALITY

the vertical axis on a coordinate plane
YAXIS

the horizontal axis on a coordinate plan
XAXIS

the parts of an expression that are added or subtracted
TERM

the first number in an ordered pair; tells the distance to move right or left from the origin
XCOORDINATE

the second number in an ordered pair that tells the distance to move up or down
YCOORDINATE

a plane formed by the intersection of a horizontal number line called the xaxisand a vertical number line called the yaxis
COORDINATE PLANE

a value that does not change
CONSTANT

an expression that contains at least one variable
ALGEBRAIC EXPRESSION

the property that states that if you add the same number to both sides of an equation, the new equation will have the same solution
ADDITIVE PROPERTY OF EQUALITY

an inequality that contains at least one variable
ALGEBRAIC INEQUALITY

the number that is multiplied by the variable in an algebraic expression
COEFFICIENT

a unit rate to compare prices
UNIT PRICE

fee earned by a person who makes a sale
COMMISION

numbers close enough to make mental calculation easier
COMPATIBLE NUMBERS

answer found by rounding, ect. instead of using exact numbers
ESTIMATE

a percent that the government charges on items purchased
SALES TAX

the original amount of money saved [or borrowed]
PRINCIPAL

a ratio that compares any number to one hundred
PERCENT

money that's earned on amount saved, or charged for money borrowed
INTREST

a rate of comparison in which the second value is one
UNIT RATE

the product of numbers on the diagonal when comparing to ratios
CROSSPRODUCT

