math vocab semester 1 PART 2

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1. the nonnegative square root of a number
PRINCIPLE SQUARE ROOT
2. two numbers are _____ if their greatest common factor is 1
RELATIVELY PRIME
3. a square of a whole number
PERFECT SQUARE
4. one of two numbers whose product is 1; also called a multiplicative inverse
RECIPIRCAL
5. the set of whole numbers and their opposites
INTEGERS
6. when a number is raised to a power, this is the number that is used as a factor
BASE
7. a method of writing very large or very small numbers by using powers of 10
SCIENTIFIC NOTATION
8. two numbers that are an equal distance from zero on a number line; also called additive inverse
OPPOSITES
9. a symbol used to represent a quantity that can change
VARIABLE
10. the property that states if you subtract the same number from both sides of an equation, the new equation will have the same solution
SUBTRACTION PROPERTY OF EQUALITY
11. the vertical axis on a coordinate plane
Y-AXIS
12. the horizontal axis on a coordinate plan
X-AXIS
13. the parts of an expression that are added or subtracted
TERM
14. the first number in an ordered pair; tells the distance to move right or left from the origin
X-COORDINATE
15. the second number in an ordered pair that tells the distance to move up or down
Y-COORDINATE
16. a plane formed by the intersection of a horizontal number line called the x-axisand a vertical number line called the y-axis
COORDINATE PLANE
17. a value that does not change
CONSTANT
18. an expression that contains at least one variable
ALGEBRAIC EXPRESSION
19. the property that states that if you add the same number to both sides of an equation, the new equation will have the same solution
20. an inequality that contains at least one variable
ALGEBRAIC INEQUALITY
21. the number that is multiplied by the variable in an algebraic expression
COEFFICIENT
22. a unit rate to compare prices
UNIT PRICE
23. fee earned by a person who makes a sale
COMMISION
24. numbers close enough to make mental calculation easier
COMPATIBLE NUMBERS
ESTIMATE
26. a percent that the government charges on items purchased
SALES TAX
27. the original amount of money saved [or borrowed]
PRINCIPAL
28. a ratio that compares any number to one hundred
PERCENT
29. money that's earned on amount saved, or charged for money borrowed
INTREST
30. a rate of comparison in which the second value is one
UNIT RATE
31. the product of numbers on the diagonal when comparing to ratios
CROSS-PRODUCT
 Author: Anonymous ID: 290288 Card Set: math vocab semester 1 PART 2 Updated: 2014-11-30 23:15:19 Tags: MATH VOCABULARY Folders: Description: MATH VOCAB SEMESTER 1 Show Answers: