# Nursing 111 Math Exam

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1. Basic components of a drug order are:
• 1. Date and Time order was written
• 2. Drug Name
• 3. Drug Dosage
• 6. Physician's or health care providers
• signature
• 7. Patient name
2. There are four types of Drug Orders:
• 1. Standing Order
• 2. One-Time (Single Order)
• 3. PRN (whenever neccessary)
• 4.STAT (Immediate Order)
3. Standing Order-May be typed or written on the doctor's oder sheet. It may be an order that is given for a number od days, or it may be a routine order for all patients who had the same type of procedure. Standing orders may include PRN orders.
• Example: Colace 100 mg. po hs prn
• Erythromycin 250 mg. po q6h 5 days
4. One-time (Single orders)-Are given once, usually at a specified time.
• Example: Preoperative orders- Meperidine 75 mg. IM 7:30 am
• Atropine SO4 0.4 mg. IM 7:30 am
5. PRN Orders- Are given at the patient's request and at the nurse's discretion concerning safety and need.
• Example: Pentobarbital100 mg. hs PRN
• Darvocet-N tab 1 q4h PRN
6. Stat Order-Is for one-time dose of drug to be given immediately.
Example: Regular insulin 10 U SC, STAT
7. Methods of Drug Distribution:
• 1. Stock Drug Method
• 2. Unit Dose Method
8. 5 Rights of Drug Administration- Three additional rights could be added: Right Documentation, The right of the client to know the reason for administration, and The right of the client to refuse to take a medication.
• 1. Right Client
• 2. Right Drug
• 3. Right Dose
• 4. Right Time
• 5. Right Route

• Also...
• Right to Refuse
• Right Documentation
9. Conversions:
• 1,000 ml=1 Liter
• 1,000 g= 1 Kilogram
• 1,000 mg= 1 Gram
• 1,000 mcg=1 Milligram
• 1,000 ml= 1 Quart
10. 1 Kg= 2.2 Pounds
1 qt= 2 Pints
1 pt= 16 Ounces
1 oz= 30 millimeters
1 gr= 60 milligrams
1 cup= 240 ml
• 1 tsp= 5 ml
• 15ml= 3 tsp=1 tbs
11. Dimensional Analysis:
Desire/Have
12. Previous Conversions Used:
• 1,000 mg= 1 gram
• 1 gr= 60 mg
• 1 kg= 2.2 Ib
13. Previous Abbreviations:
• Three times a day
• NPO: Nothing by Mouth
• 5mL: 5cc
• Gtt: Drops
• 2 oz: 60 mL
• H.S.: Hour of sleep

MILITARY TIME: Make sure to Label AM/PM
14. Abbreviations:
• a-before          IVPB-intravenous piggy back
• aa- of each              KVO-Keep Vein Open
• ac-before meals       LA/XL-Long acting
• amp-ampule             NS-normal saline
• aq-water                  OTC-over the counter
• bid- twice a day        p-after
• BSA-body surface area     pc-after meals
• C-Celsius   PCA-patient controlled  analgesia
• c-with              per-through/each/by
• cap-capsule         PO- by mouth
• CD-controlled dose       q-each
• comp-compound           qh-every hour
• CR-controlled release qs-as much as needed
• dil.-dilute                  rep-repeat
• DR-delayed release    Rx-prescript.
• elix-elixir                  s-without
• E-R/XR:Extended release SL/subl-sublingual
• ext-external,extract      Sol/soln-solution
• F-farenheit            SR-slow/sustain release
• Fl.-fluid                 Supp-suppository
• g-gram               Susp-suspension
• gtt-drop              syr-syrup
• h or hr-hour         tinct-tincture