Nutrition

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Author:
Mego0125
ID:
290322
Filename:
Nutrition
Updated:
2014-11-30 23:00:27
Tags:
Nutrition
Folders:
Nursing 1
Description:
Fundamentals
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  1. A patient is admitted to the hospital with a history of
    liver dysfunction associated with hepatitis. The nurse anticipates that this
    patient may have problems with:

    A. Emulsifying fats
    B. Manufacturing red blood cells
    C. Reabsorbing water in the intestines
    D. Digesting carbohydrates
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. A nurse is assessing a patient who is admitted to the
    hospital with withdrawal from alcohol. The nurse anticipates that excessive
    alcohol intake will directly contribute to health problems because it:

    A. Lengthens passage time of stool through the intestinal tract
    B. Decreases the absorption of many important nutrients
    C. Accelerates the absorption of medications 
    D. Interferes with the absorption of glucose
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. An obese resident of a nursing home who is receiving a
    1500-calorie weight reduction diet has not lost weight in the past 2 weeks.
    What should the nurse do?

    A. Keep a log of the oral intake for 3 days
    B. Schedule a multidisciplinary team conference
    C. Inform the primary care practitioner of the patients lack of progress
    D. Instruct the patient to limit intake to 1000 calories per day
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. A patient of Latino heritage is to eat a low-fat diet. The
    patient tells the nurse, “I am going to have a hard time giving up my favorite
    family recipes.” Which food should the nurse recommend that is low in fat and
    generally is included in the Latino culture?

    A. Salsa
    B. Pasta
    C. Steamed fish
    D. Refried beans
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. A patient is diagnosed with a Vitamin A deficiency. Which
    type of pie should the nurse encourage the patient to ingest?

    A. Cherry
    B. Blueberry
    C. Pumpkin
    D. Pecan
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. A patient is anorexic because of stomatitis related to
    chemotherapy. What should the nurse be most concerned out when planning care
    for this patient?

    A. Dehydration
    B. Constipation
    C. Aspiration
    D. Malnutrition
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. A nurse is counseling a patient with the diagnosis of
    osteoporosis. Based on the practitioner’s prescription, which vitamin should
    the nurse instruct the patient to include in a daily health regimen?

    A. D
    B. B
    C. K
    D. E
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. A patient has a decreased hemoglobin level because of a low
    intake of dietary iron. Which food should the nurse teach the patient is the
    best source of iron?

    A. Bread
    B. Meat
    C. Eggs
    D. Fruit
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. A practitioner orders a low-residue diet. Which food should
    the nurse teach the patient to include in the diet?

    A. Orange juice
    B. Scrambled eggs
    C. Rye bread
    D. Green beans
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. An older adult is admitted to the hospital for multiple
    health problems. Assessment reveals that the patient has no teeth and is having
    difficultly eating. Which diet should the nurse encourage the practitioner to
    order for this patient?

    A. Liquid supplements
    B. Pureed
    C. Mechanical soft
    D. Soft
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. A nurse teaches a patient about the prescribed low-fat diet.
    Which food selected by the patient indicates that the teaching was understood?

    A. Chicken
    B. Liver
    C. Eggs
    D. Cheese
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. A nurse is caring for patients with a variety of
    nutrition-related problems. Which problem eventually may require a patient to
    have a nasogastric feeding tube inserted?

    A. Difficulty swallowing
    B. Malabsorption syndrome
    C. Nausea and vomiting
    D. Stomatitis
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. A nurse is caring for a patient who is confused and
    disoriented. What type of food containing chicken is most appropriate for this
    patient?

    A. Soup
    B. Fingers
    C. Salad
    D. Casserole
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. A patient has high serum cholesterol level. What food should
    the nurse teach the patient to avoid?

    A. Sliced bologna
    B. Turkey burger
    C. Egg Yolks
    D. Skim milk
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. An older adult tends to bruise easily and the practitioner
    recommends that the patient eat food high in vitamin K. In addition to teaching
    the patient about foods sources of vitamin K, the nurse should include
    nutrients that must be ingested for vitamin K to be absorbed. Which foods that
    increase the absorption of vitamin K should be included in the teaching plan?

    A. Fats
    B. Starches
    C. Proteins
    D. Carbohydrates
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. A school nurse is preparing a health class about vitamins.
    Which information about vitamins that is based on a scientific principle should
    the nurse include?

    A. Vitamins that are more expensive are more pure than those that are less expensive
    B. Megadoses of vitamins have proved to be most effective in preventing illness
    C. Taking a prescribed supplement is the best way to ensure adequate intake
    D. Eating a variety of food prevents the need for supplements
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. A patient without any identified current health problems is
    having a yearly physical examination. The laboratory results indicate the
    presence of ketosis. Which rationale explains the presence of ketosis in this
    otherwise healthy adult?

    A. Excessive intake of starch
    B. Decreased intake of fiber
    C. Inadequate intake of carbohydrates
    D. Increased intake of protein
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. A nurse teaches a patient that fat in the diet is
    unnecessary to absorb:

    A. Vitamin E
    B. Vitamin D
    C. Vitamin A
    D. Vitamin C
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. An occupational nurse us facilitating a weight reduction
    group discussion. What should the nurse explain is the most common contributing
    factor to obesity?

    A. Low metabolic rate
    B. Excessive caloric intake
    C. Sedentary lifestyle
    D. Hormonal imbalance
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. A patient has multiple fractures from a skiing accident. To
    best facilitate bone growth the nurse should encourage the patient to eat more
    foods high in calcium. Which food selected by the patient indicates an
    understanding of foods that are high in calcium?

    A. Cottage cheese
    B. Orange juice
    C. Baked flounder
    D. Peanut butter
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. A nurse is evaluating the effectiveness of a nutritional
    program. Which clinical finding is the best short-term indicator of an improved
    nutritional status?

    A. Decreasing serum albumin
    B. Increasing transferrin level
    C. Appropriate skin turgor
    D. Weight gain of two pounds daily
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. A patient is diagnosed with iron deficiency anemia. Which
    major cause of iron deficiency will increase a focused assessment by the nurse?

    A. Metabolic problems
    B. Hemorrhage
    C. Malabsorption
    D. Inadequate diets
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The nurse is obtaining a health history from a patient.
    Which information best reflects a healthy behavior?

    A. Wanting to lose twenty pounds
    B. Visiting a practitioner when ill
    C. Eating foods low in fat
    D. Displaying no signs of illness
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. The practitioner identifies that a patient may have a
    fluoride deficiency. What physical characteristic supports this conclusion?

    A. Bleeding gums
    B. Dental caries
    C. Stomatitis
    D. Mottling of the teeth
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. A nurse identifies that a vegetarian understands the
    importance of eating kidney beans when the patient says, “kidney beans are
    essential because they are a great source of:

    A. Minerals.”
    B. Fats.”
    C. Carbohydrates.”
    D. Protein.”
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which is the most common independent nursing intervention to
    help hospitalized older adults maintain body weight?

    A. Encouraging dietary supplements between meals
    B. Taking a through nutritional history
    C. Providing assistance with the intake of meals
    D. Making meal time a social activity
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. The total cholesterol level of which adult female patient
    indicates the need for health teaching about a low-cholesterol diet?

    A. 200 mg/dL
    B. 190 mg/dL
    C. 150 mg/dL
    D. 100 mg/dL
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. A practitioner orders a clear liquid diet for a patient.
    Which food should the nurse teach the patient to avoid when following this
    diet?

    A. Decaffeinated tea
    B. Ice cream
    C. Strawberry gelatin
    D. Strong coffee
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. A nurse is caring for a patient who is expending energy hat
    is greater than the caloric intake. Which human response most likely will
    occur?

    A. Anorexia
    B. Malnutrition
    C. Fever
    D. Hypertension
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. A nurse teaches a postoperative patient about foods high in
    protein that will promote wound healing. Which food selection by the patient
    indicates that the teaching was effective?

    A. Milk
    B. Meat
    C. Bread
    D. Vegetables
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Which nutrient should the nurse encourage a patient to
    include in the diet to provide vitamin D?

    A. Vegetable oils
    B. Fortified milk
    C. Organ meats
    D. Green leafy vegetables
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. A nurse is reviewing the laboratory finding of a patient to
    assess the patient’s nutritional status. Which laboratory finding is the best
    indicator of inadequate protein intake?

    A. Low specific gravity
    B. High blood urea nitrogen
    C. Low serum albumin
    D. High hemoglobin
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. A patient of Asian heritage is recommended to follow a
    low-fat diet to lose weight. Which food low in fat generally is consumed by
    members of an Asian population?

    A. Spareribs
    B. Hot and sour soup
    C. Egg rolls
    D. Crispy noodles
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. A patient is scheduled for surgery and the nurse is reaching
    the patient about the importance of vitamin C in wound healing. Which source of
    vitamin C should the nurse include in the teaching plan?

    A. Milk
    B. Yogurt
    C. Potatoes
    D. Beans
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. A nurse is teaching a patient about the importance of
    balancing protein, carbohydrates, and fats in the diet. The nurse identifies
    that the teaching about carbohydrates is understood when the patient states,
    “Carbohydrates are best known for providing:

    A. Minerals.”
    B. Electrolytes.”
    C. Vitamins.”
    D. Energy.”
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. A patient has been blind in one eye for several years
    because of the complications associated with diabetes mellitus. The patient
    admitted to the hospital with a detached retina and resulting loss of sight in
    the other eye. What should the nurse do to assist the patient with meals?

    A. Feed the patient
    B. Order finger foods that are permitted on the patient’s diet
    C. Explain to the patient where items are located on the plate according to the hours of a clock.
    D. Encourage eating one food at a time according to the preference of the patient
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. What is unrelated to the balance of calcium in the body?

    A. Tetany
    B. Vitamin D
    C. Iron
    D. Osteoporosis
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. The nurse is caring for a patient receiving bolus enteral
    feedings several times daily. Which nursing intervention is most important to
    help prevent diarrhea?

    A. Elevate the head of the bed 30 degrees continuously
    B. Discard the refrigerated opened cans of formula after
    C. Check the residual before each feeding
    D. Flush the tube after every feeding
    24 hours
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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