EOS 330 PaleoBio

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spb83
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290327
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EOS 330 PaleoBio
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2014-12-01 03:24:43
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paleo bio fossil
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  1. Name the ichnofacies from off shore to near shore
    nerdy zoro chereishes pork sandos gravy tater tots

    • nereites
    • zoophycus
    • cruziana
    • pslonicus
    • glossifungates
    • teredidolites
    • trypanites
  2. What are the 3 general types of preservation
    Body fossils

    molds and casts

    trace fossils (ichnofossils)
  3. Describe body fossils
    • unaltered
    • *freezing 
    • *drying/dessication
    • *tar/resin

    • Altered
    • *carbonization
    • *replacement
    • *recrystalization
    • *perminerlization
  4. freezing preservation
    everything preserved, very rare
  5. desication presservation
    fossils is dried remains, mumification
  6. perminerlization preservation
    petrification pores fill with CaCo3 or SiO2 fluids
  7. recrystallization preservation
    hard parts convert to more stable form and/or crystal grains increase size
  8. replacement preservation
    hard parts disolve and are replaced by other minerals e.g. pyrite or FeOx
  9. carbonization preservation
    only thin carbon film from the organism remains
  10. mold vs cast
    mold is a cavity left by the organism

    a cast is the infillling of the mold by minerals or seds
  11. what is zoophycus
    3d feeding trace on bathyal zone sea floor
  12. what is cruziana
    • ichnofossil in sublittoral zone
    • locomotion fossil
  13. what is skolithos
    • sandy shore / storm zone
    • deep burrow dwelling fossil
  14. what is glossifungates?
    burrows or root traces in intertidal unconsoliated sediments
  15. what is teredolites?
    inchnofossils of boring in wood peat or xylic substarte
  16. what is trypanites?
    predation drill holes in corals and shels
  17. what is th eone trace fossils not included in your acronym?
    coprolites and gastroliths

    petrified shit
  18. What are the 6 kingdoms?
    FAPPAE

    • fungi
    • animalia
    • plantae
    • protista
    • archeobacteria
    • eubacteria
  19. classification of animals vs plants
    • kings play chess on funny green squares
    • switch the p for d
    • kingdom
    • phlyum (division)
    • class
    • order
    • family
    • genus 
    • species
  20. what are the types of skelatal growth
    accretion

    addition

    molting

    modification
  21. what is accretion
    skelatal building by adding discrete layers
  22. what is addition?
    skelatal growth by adding new parts
  23. what is molting?
    shedding of exoskeloton
  24. what is modification
    skelatal growth by continous remodeling
  25. bang of the geologic periods starting in pc to present
    HAP COSDCP TJK PEOMPPH

    • holocene
    • pliestocene
    • pliocene
    • miocene
    • oligocene
    • eocene
    • paleocene

    • kretacious
    • jurasic
    • triasic

    • permian
    • carboniferous
    • devonian
    • silurian
    • ordavician
    • cambrian

    • proterozoic
    • archean
    • hadean
  26. what perods make up quaternary?
    the two most recent holocene and pliestocene
  27. what periods make up the neogene?
    • upper two units of tertiary
    • miocene and pliocene
  28. what periods make up the paleogene?
    • the lower three of the tertiary
    • paleocene
    • eocene
    • oligocene
  29. important age ranges (6)
    • begin cambrian         542
    • ordovician/silurian    444
    • devonian carbon        360
    • permian/triasic          250
    • kretacious/tertiary     65
    • tertiary quaternary     2.6
  30. What is a BIF when was it formed?
    • Banded Iron formation
    • interbeded chert and FeOx
    • first photosythenthics mid archean produced O2 oxidized iron in oceans
  31. 4 advantages to hard parts?
    • protection from UV
    • prevents drying
    • protection from predation
    • support
  32. what is the first organic walled ?
    architarchs phytoplankton of unknown affinity
  33. what is the one phylum not included in cambrian explosion?
    Bryozoa
  34. Archeocyathida-

    P
    AGE
    • phylum archeocyathida
    • early cam-mid cam
  35. Arceocyathida
    MO?
    Test?
    • epifaunal seesile benthic passive filter feeder
    • CaCO3
  36. Trilobita
    PC
    Age
    • Phylum- Arthropoda
    • Class- Trilobita
    • Cambrian to permian
  37. Trilobita 
    MO evidence
    pelagic to benthic, 

    eyes on top suggest benthic eyes on bottom and hydostreamed body are pelagic/nexobenthic
  38. trilobita evolutionary trends
    predational effacement - Adaption to burrowingspinosity - spikes for supportbenthic loss of eyespelagic enlargement in eyes
  39. 5 body p[arts of the trilobite
    • Ceplaon - head
    • thorax - body
    • pygdium- tail

    axial lobe and plural lobes
  40. when was burgess shale?
    mid cambrian
  41. what is pikaia?
    fossil of the earliest chordate
  42. what three classes define cambrian fauna?
    trilobata archeocyathid and inarticulata
  43. what 6 classes define paleozoic fauan?
    • articulata
    • anthoza
    • ceplapoda
    • graptothinia
    • ostracoda
    • crinoidea
  44. Conodonts
    PC
    age
    desc
    • Phylum- chordata
    • class - conodonts
    • cambrian to triasic
    • little teeth
    • micro fossils
  45. describe the three types of conodonts
    • coniform - single spike tooth
    • pectinoform - spike with smaller teeth
    • plectinoform - large front tooth
  46. conodont MO and test
    • pelagic to nectobenthinc
    • CaPO4
  47. Dendroidea
    PCO
    AGE
    • phylum hemi chordata
    • class- graptolothinaia
    • order dendroidea
    • (cambrian carboniferous)
  48. dendroidea MO
    epi faunal benthic seesile colonial
  49. graptoliodea
    PCO
    AGE
    • phylum - hemichordata
    • class - graptolothinia
    • order - graptiloidea
    • (ordavician to devonian)
  50. graptiloidea MO
    plantonic mobile colonial
  51. name 5 parts of graptiliodea
    • rhabdosome - whole body
    • sicule - concets stipe
    • stipe holds theca
    • nema - extension of the sicule
  52. when where graptolites abundant?
    ordavician and silurian
  53. Hexactinalida
    PC
    AGE
    ID
    • phylum- porifera
    • class- hexactinolida
    • (proterozoic to recent)
  54. hexactinalida ID
    silicios spicule 6 rays at 90
  55. Calcarea
    PC
    Age
    • phylum - porifera
    • class clacarea
    • (cambrian recent)
  56. calcarea ID
    clacareous star spicule
  57. demospongia
    PC
    age
    • phylum- porifera
    • class demospongia
    • cambrian - recent
  58. demospongia ID
    silicious spicule never 90
  59. stromatoporiods
    PC
    age
    • phylum- porifera
    • class - stromatoporide
    • ordavician- cretaceous
  60. Rugosa
    PCO
    age
    • Phylum - cnidarian
    • class - anthoza
    • order rugosa
    • ordavician to permain
  61. rugosa ID
    • 6 in 4 wierd curved hard to draw one
    • calcareous
  62. tabulata 
    PCO
    Age
    • phylum - cnidarian
    • class- anthoza
    • order tabulata
    • ordavician to permain
  63. tabulata/rugosa prominent reef builder?
    silurian to devonian
  64. scleratinalita
    pco
    age
    • phylum- cnidarian
    • class- anthoza
    • order rugosa
    • triasic to recent
  65. scleractinia ID
    aragonaite 6-6 nice clean one
  66. what coral is a climate indicator
    zooxanthella
  67. high spreading rates vs low
    • high spread = clacite sea
    • slow spread = arragonite sea
  68. what relates bracciopoda and broyozoa?
    lophophore (feeding /breathing tube)
  69. stenolomata
    PC
    age
    • phylum - bryozoa
    • class stenolomata
    • ordavicion to recent
  70. gymnolemata
    PC
    age
    • phylum - brachiopoda
    • class - gymnolemata
    • ordavicion to recent
  71. what do bryozoa look like?
    sticks with herpes
  72. bryozoa shapes from hi to low energy (4)
    • diskcoid - round disk
    • fenestrated - spiral
    • encrusting - all over
    • branching - tree like
  73. Articulata
    PC
    age
    • phylum - brachiopoda
    • class Articulata
    • ordovician recent
  74. inarticulata
    pc
    age
    • phylum brachipoda
    • class - inarticulata
    • cambrian recent
  75. bracipoda Mo and TEST
    • epi fualan benthic seesil
    • pedicile locks it down lophore feeds it
  76. inarticulata vs articulata
    inarticulata CaPO4, no muscle, yes pooper

    articulat CaCO3, yes muscle, no pooper
  77. The modern fuana is defined by (4)
    • bivalvia
    • gastrapoda
    • demospongia
    • gymnolaemata
  78. nautaloid
    PC Sc
    Age
    • Phylum - molluska
    • class - cephlapoda
    • subclass nautoloid
    • camb recent
  79. coleeoidea
    PC Sc
    Age
    • phylum- molluska
    • class - cephlapoda
    • sub class - coleoidea
    • devonian recent
  80. amonioidea
    PC Sc
    Age
    • phylum molluska
    • class cephlapoda
    • age devonian cretacious
  81. orthoseriatic
    • most simple sutures of nautiloids 
    • cambrian to recent
  82. goniatic
    • 2nd more complicated suture
    • aminoids
    • devonian cretacious
  83. cerriatic
    • 3rd most cmolpex suture
    • aminoids
    • carbiniferous to triasic
  84. amonitic
    • most complex suture 
    • amonites
    • permian to cretacious
  85. MO of cephlapoda
    all are predatory mobile, nectonic
  86. gastropoda
    PC
    age
    • phylum - molluska
    • class - gastropoda
    • cambrian to present
  87. bivalvia
    PC
    age
    • phylum molluska
    • class - bivalvia
    • (cambrian - recent)
  88. bivalvia symetry
    equivalve / inequivalve - cross section symetr

    equilateral/inequilateral  - plan view symetry
  89. bivalvia muscle scars
    • isomaryion - two equal sized
    • anisomyrion - two unequal size
    • monomyrion - one solo
  90. bivalvia pallail lines
    • sinupallite - wiggly
    • integripallate - smooth curve
  91. what is the entire nautalis shell called
    phragmocone
  92. what is an individual nautalis chamber claled
    camera
  93. what is the center of nautalis curve
    protochonch
  94. what are the lines dividing camera called?
    septum
  95. what is the the thing that differs natualis from amoonite?
    cephlapod has central siphuncle
  96. Ostracoda
    PC
    Age
    • phylum - anthropoda
    • class - ostracoda
    • cambrian to present

    (little shrimp like micro fossils)
  97. regular echinoidea
    PCO
    Age
    • phylum echinodermata
    • class - echinoidea
    • order- regular echniodea
    • ordavician to present
  98. irregular echinodea
    PCO 
    Age
    • phylum echinoderm
    • class echinoidea 
    • order irregular echiniodea
    • jurrasic to present
  99. crinoidea
    PCO 
    age
    • phylum - echinoderm
    • class - echinoidea
    • order - crinoidea
    • ordavician present
  100. name 6 parts of a crinoid
    • anal tube
    • mouth
    • caylx fronds

    segmented disc stalk

    hold fast
  101. spumellarian
    PCO
    agae
    test
    • phylum - prostista
    • class - radiolarian
    • order - spumelarian
    • (cambrian recent)
    • SiO2
    • *spum-cum-egg ball
  102. nasalarrian
    PCO
    age
    test
    • phylum - protista
    • class - radiolarian
    • order - nasalarian
    • carboniferous - recent
    • SiO2
    • *nasa - helmets
  103. Fusulinids
    PCO
    AGE
    TEST
    • phylum - protista
    • class - foraminefera
    • order fusulinids
    • CaCO3

    fusy-rice
  104. nummulitid
    PCO
    AGE
    TEST
    • phylum - protista
    • class - formainefera
    • class - nummulitid
    • tertiary - recent
    • agglutinated test
    • coin shapped
  105. centrales
    PCO
    age
    test
    • phylum protista
    • order - diatom
    • class - centrales
    • SiO2
    • E.cretacious - present
  106. pennales
    PCO
    age
    test
    • phylum - protista
    • class - diatom
    • Order - pennales
    • test SiO2
    • L.cretacious - present

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